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Rural reforms and changes in land management and attitudes: A case study from Inner Mongolia, China

Brogaard, Sara LU and Zhao, XY (2002) In Ambio 31(3). p.219-225
Abstract
The international science community stresses the importance of the local perspective in the context of dryland degradation. This paper explores changes in management and attitudes in a mixed farming system in northern China, since the introduction of the economic reforms in the early 1980s, and the following changes in land-use rights. The area encompasses a dune landscape scattered with crop-land, as well as the Daqinggou Nature Reserve, an area of natural vegetation. According to farmers new varieties of maize in combination with increased use of fertilizers have improved yields, though high yield variability persists due to erratic rainfall. Farmers acknowledge the importance of the 30-year contract on cultivated land in 1997 for their... (More)
The international science community stresses the importance of the local perspective in the context of dryland degradation. This paper explores changes in management and attitudes in a mixed farming system in northern China, since the introduction of the economic reforms in the early 1980s, and the following changes in land-use rights. The area encompasses a dune landscape scattered with crop-land, as well as the Daqinggou Nature Reserve, an area of natural vegetation. According to farmers new varieties of maize in combination with increased use of fertilizers have improved yields, though high yield variability persists due to erratic rainfall. Farmers acknowledge the importance of the 30-year contract on cultivated land in 1997 for their investment in long-term management, but emphasize the importance of chemical fertilizers for short-term economic survival. The farmers stressed the negative impact of grazing and cultivation on soil erosion and stated that differences in vegetation composition and cover in the nature reserve are due to anthropogenic factors. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Ambio
volume
31
issue
3
pages
219 - 225
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • pmid:12164131
  • wos:000176850200005
  • scopus:0036583705
ISSN
0044-7447
DOI
10.1639/0044-7447(2002)031[0219:RRACIL]2.0.CO;2
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
1c00029f-5e3d-4e62-9ed5-bd9e860a5a59 (old id 333471)
date added to LUP
2007-08-10 15:59:44
date last changed
2017-08-06 04:29:18
@article{1c00029f-5e3d-4e62-9ed5-bd9e860a5a59,
  abstract     = {The international science community stresses the importance of the local perspective in the context of dryland degradation. This paper explores changes in management and attitudes in a mixed farming system in northern China, since the introduction of the economic reforms in the early 1980s, and the following changes in land-use rights. The area encompasses a dune landscape scattered with crop-land, as well as the Daqinggou Nature Reserve, an area of natural vegetation. According to farmers new varieties of maize in combination with increased use of fertilizers have improved yields, though high yield variability persists due to erratic rainfall. Farmers acknowledge the importance of the 30-year contract on cultivated land in 1997 for their investment in long-term management, but emphasize the importance of chemical fertilizers for short-term economic survival. The farmers stressed the negative impact of grazing and cultivation on soil erosion and stated that differences in vegetation composition and cover in the nature reserve are due to anthropogenic factors.},
  author       = {Brogaard, Sara and Zhao, XY},
  issn         = {0044-7447},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {219--225},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Ambio},
  title        = {Rural reforms and changes in land management and attitudes: A case study from Inner Mongolia, China},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1639/0044-7447(2002)031[0219:RRACIL]2.0.CO;2},
  volume       = {31},
  year         = {2002},
}