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Long term efficacy and safety of cyclosporin versus parenteral old in early rheumatoid arthritis: a three year study of radiographic progression, renal function, and arterial hypertension

Kvien, TK; Zeidler, HK; Hannonen, P; Wollheim, Frank LU ; Forre, O; Hafstrom, I; Kaltwasser, JP; Leirisalo-Repo, M; Manger, B and Laasonen, L, et al. (2002) In Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 61(6). p.511-516
Abstract
Objective: To compare the three year safety and efficacy of cyclosporin and parenteral gold in the treatment of early, active, severe rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and to study the reversibility of cyclosporin associated renal dysfunction in patients who discontinued cyclosporin treatment. Methods: The patients continued to receive cyclosporin or parenteral gold in an 18 month open extension to an 18 month randomised, parallel group study. The main efficacy variable was blinded evaluation of radiographic progression of joint damage, Safety variables included serum creatinine, calculated creatinine clearance, and blood pressure. Results: Radiographic progression during follow up was similar in both groups. About 60% of the patients in the... (More)
Objective: To compare the three year safety and efficacy of cyclosporin and parenteral gold in the treatment of early, active, severe rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and to study the reversibility of cyclosporin associated renal dysfunction in patients who discontinued cyclosporin treatment. Methods: The patients continued to receive cyclosporin or parenteral gold in an 18 month open extension to an 18 month randomised, parallel group study. The main efficacy variable was blinded evaluation of radiographic progression of joint damage, Safety variables included serum creatinine, calculated creatinine clearance, and blood pressure. Results: Radiographic progression during follow up was similar in both groups. About 60% of the patients in the intention to treat groups (n=272) and about half of the patients in the completer groups (n=114) had definite radiographic progression in joint damage (increases >6 in the Larsen-Dale score), and about one in three also had substantial progression (>18 increase in Larsen-Dale score). Both systolic and diastolic blood pressure were significantly increased in the cyclosporin group compared with the gold group, and 12/139 (9%) versus 3/139 (2%) (p=0.03) had notably raised blood pressure. The mean serum creatinine increased by 28% at the treatment end point in the cyclosporin group as compared with 7% in the gold group, The mean calculated creatinine clearance was reduced by 16% and increased by 1% in the cyclosporin and gold groups, respectively, at the end of the study. At the final follow up visit after discontinuation of cyclosporin (at least three months after treatment was stopped) the mean serum creatinine was increased by 15% and creatinine clearance reduced by 16%. Sustained increases in serum creatinine at this post-treatment end point were mostly seen in patients with a raised serum creatinine during treatment of at least 50%. Conclusion: Three year changes in radiographic damage during cyclosporin and parenteral gold were similar in patients with early, active RA. Abnormal renal function and raised blood pressure were often seen in the cyclosporin treated patients. (Less)
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Contribution to journal
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published
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in
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
volume
61
issue
6
pages
511 - 516
publisher
British Medical Association
external identifiers
  • wos:000175769200009
  • pmid:12006323
  • scopus:0036098031
ISSN
1468-2060
DOI
10.1136/ard.61.6.511
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
65d3887c-5fbe-46bb-9f93-5de9f9d4dd33 (old id 337314)
date added to LUP
2007-11-05 14:20:24
date last changed
2017-05-21 04:17:03
@article{65d3887c-5fbe-46bb-9f93-5de9f9d4dd33,
  abstract     = {Objective: To compare the three year safety and efficacy of cyclosporin and parenteral gold in the treatment of early, active, severe rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and to study the reversibility of cyclosporin associated renal dysfunction in patients who discontinued cyclosporin treatment. Methods: The patients continued to receive cyclosporin or parenteral gold in an 18 month open extension to an 18 month randomised, parallel group study. The main efficacy variable was blinded evaluation of radiographic progression of joint damage, Safety variables included serum creatinine, calculated creatinine clearance, and blood pressure. Results: Radiographic progression during follow up was similar in both groups. About 60% of the patients in the intention to treat groups (n=272) and about half of the patients in the completer groups (n=114) had definite radiographic progression in joint damage (increases >6 in the Larsen-Dale score), and about one in three also had substantial progression (>18 increase in Larsen-Dale score). Both systolic and diastolic blood pressure were significantly increased in the cyclosporin group compared with the gold group, and 12/139 (9%) versus 3/139 (2%) (p=0.03) had notably raised blood pressure. The mean serum creatinine increased by 28% at the treatment end point in the cyclosporin group as compared with 7% in the gold group, The mean calculated creatinine clearance was reduced by 16% and increased by 1% in the cyclosporin and gold groups, respectively, at the end of the study. At the final follow up visit after discontinuation of cyclosporin (at least three months after treatment was stopped) the mean serum creatinine was increased by 15% and creatinine clearance reduced by 16%. Sustained increases in serum creatinine at this post-treatment end point were mostly seen in patients with a raised serum creatinine during treatment of at least 50%. Conclusion: Three year changes in radiographic damage during cyclosporin and parenteral gold were similar in patients with early, active RA. Abnormal renal function and raised blood pressure were often seen in the cyclosporin treated patients.},
  author       = {Kvien, TK and Zeidler, HK and Hannonen, P and Wollheim, Frank and Forre, O and Hafstrom, I and Kaltwasser, JP and Leirisalo-Repo, M and Manger, B and Laasonen, L and Prestele, H and Kurki, P},
  issn         = {1468-2060},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {511--516},
  publisher    = {British Medical Association},
  series       = {Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases},
  title        = {Long term efficacy and safety of cyclosporin versus parenteral old in early rheumatoid arthritis: a three year study of radiographic progression, renal function, and arterial hypertension},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/ard.61.6.511},
  volume       = {61},
  year         = {2002},
}