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Acute exudative inflammation and nasally exhaled nitric oxide are two independent phenomena

Cervin, Anders LU ; Greiff, Lennart LU ; Lindberg, Sven LU and Andersson, Morgan LU (2002) In ORL 64(1). p.26-31
Abstract
Background. Increased levels of nitric oxide (NO) and the exudations of plasma proteins to the airway lumen have both been considered characteristics of airway inflammation. The aim of the present study was to investigate a possible relationship between nasal NO concentrations and acutely induced exudative inflammation of the nasal mucosa. Methods: Twelve healthy non-allergic subjects participated. Nasal challenges with saline, histamine 40 mug/ml (M), histamine 400 mug/ml (H2), oxymethazoline, 0.25 mg/ml (OXY), and a combination of oxymethazoline 0.25 mg/ml and histamine 800 mug/ml (OXYH), were performed on separate occasions. Exhaled NO was measured after each challenge, and alpha(2)-macroglobulin (as a marker of plasma exudation) was... (More)
Background. Increased levels of nitric oxide (NO) and the exudations of plasma proteins to the airway lumen have both been considered characteristics of airway inflammation. The aim of the present study was to investigate a possible relationship between nasal NO concentrations and acutely induced exudative inflammation of the nasal mucosa. Methods: Twelve healthy non-allergic subjects participated. Nasal challenges with saline, histamine 40 mug/ml (M), histamine 400 mug/ml (H2), oxymethazoline, 0.25 mg/ml (OXY), and a combination of oxymethazoline 0.25 mg/ml and histamine 800 mug/ml (OXYH), were performed on separate occasions. Exhaled NO was measured after each challenge, and alpha(2)-macroglobulin (as a marker of plasma exudation) was measured in nasal lavage fluids after the H 1 and H2 challenges. Results: The mean baseline NO in all measurements was 164 +/- 10.3 ppb. Saline and H1 challenge did not change NO and a2-macroglobulin levels. H2 challenge showed a tendency to reduce NO levels, and the most pronounced decrease was seen after 10 min (-36.3 +/- 16.3%, p = 0.07). This reduction was sustained throughout the registration period. Simultanousley with the decrease in NO, alpha(2)-macroglobulin levels were increased significantly. OXY challenge alone reduced NO significantly throughout the whole registration period. Maximum decrease was seen at 40 min (-21.3 +/- 3.4%, p = 0.03). The OXYH challenge also reduced NO, with a maximal reduction recorded at 10 min (-29.4 +/- 6.4%, p = 0.03). The reduction of NO was sustained throughout the registration period (p < 0.01). Conclusion: Histamine 400 mug/ml induced a prompt plasma exudation response whereas a decrease in nasal NO was registered, suggesting that these two events are not necessarily linked. Furthermore it was shown that the vasoconstrictor oxymethazoline reduced nasal NO, which could be related to reduced mucosal blood flow, whereas the reduction of nasal NO after histamine challenge remains to be elucidated. Copyright (C) 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
oxymethazoline, histamine, nose, nitric oxide, alpha(2)-macroglobulin, exudation
in
ORL
volume
64
issue
1
pages
26 - 31
publisher
Karger
external identifiers
  • wos:000174184500006
  • scopus:0036178480
ISSN
0301-1569
DOI
10.1159/000049264
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d7d7015c-1e4a-4ed4-b2bb-dff1562f2edb (old id 342494)
date added to LUP
2007-08-02 14:20:47
date last changed
2017-01-01 06:39:47
@article{d7d7015c-1e4a-4ed4-b2bb-dff1562f2edb,
  abstract     = {Background. Increased levels of nitric oxide (NO) and the exudations of plasma proteins to the airway lumen have both been considered characteristics of airway inflammation. The aim of the present study was to investigate a possible relationship between nasal NO concentrations and acutely induced exudative inflammation of the nasal mucosa. Methods: Twelve healthy non-allergic subjects participated. Nasal challenges with saline, histamine 40 mug/ml (M), histamine 400 mug/ml (H2), oxymethazoline, 0.25 mg/ml (OXY), and a combination of oxymethazoline 0.25 mg/ml and histamine 800 mug/ml (OXYH), were performed on separate occasions. Exhaled NO was measured after each challenge, and alpha(2)-macroglobulin (as a marker of plasma exudation) was measured in nasal lavage fluids after the H 1 and H2 challenges. Results: The mean baseline NO in all measurements was 164 +/- 10.3 ppb. Saline and H1 challenge did not change NO and a2-macroglobulin levels. H2 challenge showed a tendency to reduce NO levels, and the most pronounced decrease was seen after 10 min (-36.3 +/- 16.3%, p = 0.07). This reduction was sustained throughout the registration period. Simultanousley with the decrease in NO, alpha(2)-macroglobulin levels were increased significantly. OXY challenge alone reduced NO significantly throughout the whole registration period. Maximum decrease was seen at 40 min (-21.3 +/- 3.4%, p = 0.03). The OXYH challenge also reduced NO, with a maximal reduction recorded at 10 min (-29.4 +/- 6.4%, p = 0.03). The reduction of NO was sustained throughout the registration period (p &lt; 0.01). Conclusion: Histamine 400 mug/ml induced a prompt plasma exudation response whereas a decrease in nasal NO was registered, suggesting that these two events are not necessarily linked. Furthermore it was shown that the vasoconstrictor oxymethazoline reduced nasal NO, which could be related to reduced mucosal blood flow, whereas the reduction of nasal NO after histamine challenge remains to be elucidated. Copyright (C) 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel.},
  author       = {Cervin, Anders and Greiff, Lennart and Lindberg, Sven and Andersson, Morgan},
  issn         = {0301-1569},
  keyword      = {oxymethazoline,histamine,nose,nitric oxide,alpha(2)-macroglobulin,exudation},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {26--31},
  publisher    = {Karger},
  series       = {ORL},
  title        = {Acute exudative inflammation and nasally exhaled nitric oxide are two independent phenomena},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000049264},
  volume       = {64},
  year         = {2002},
}