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A new approach to the phase behavior of oppositely charged polymers and surfactants

Svensson, Anna LU ; Piculell, Lennart LU ; Cabane, B and Ilekti, P (2002) In The Journal of Physical Chemistry Part B 106(5). p.1013-1018
Abstract
The complex salt (ionic surfactant + polymeric counterion) cetyltrimethylammonium polyacrylate (CTAPA) has been synthesized, and its aqueous mixtures with cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTABr) have been studied. These mixtures differ from conventional oppositely charged polymer/surfactant mixtures in that the conventional counterion of the polyion (usually sodium, for the polyacrylate) is absent, which simplifies the studies and their interpretation considerably. The phase diagram of the CTAPA/CTABr/water system at > 20 wt % water and at 40 degreesC has been established, representing the first truly ternary phase diagram of an oppositely charged polymer/surfactant pair in water. The two dimensions of the phase diagram may be chosen as... (More)
The complex salt (ionic surfactant + polymeric counterion) cetyltrimethylammonium polyacrylate (CTAPA) has been synthesized, and its aqueous mixtures with cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTABr) have been studied. These mixtures differ from conventional oppositely charged polymer/surfactant mixtures in that the conventional counterion of the polyion (usually sodium, for the polyacrylate) is absent, which simplifies the studies and their interpretation considerably. The phase diagram of the CTAPA/CTABr/water system at > 20 wt % water and at 40 degreesC has been established, representing the first truly ternary phase diagram of an oppositely charged polymer/surfactant pair in water. The two dimensions of the phase diagram may be chosen as the water content (in weight percent) and the fraction of bromide counterions, x(Br) (in units of charge equivalents). The phase diagram is characterized by a large hexagonal phase (at low water contents and for all values of x(Br)), a small cubic phase (at 55 wt % water content and for x(Br) < 0.1), a narrow isotropic (micellar) phase (at high water contents and for x(Br) > 0.9), and a large multiphase region (at water contents > 50 wt %) containing two or three of the cubic, hexagonal, or isotropic phases in coexistence. The cubic and hexagonal phases are connected to the corresponding phases that separate out from aqueous NaPA/CTABr mixtures. The maximum water uptake of the hexagonal phase is remarkably constant at ca. 50 wt % over a large CTAPA/CTABr composition range (x(Br) < 0.9). The study confirms previous conclusions that the polyacrylate counterions favor a higher aggregate curvature (leading to smaller aggregates) than do the bromide counterions. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
The Journal of Physical Chemistry Part B
volume
106
issue
5
pages
1013 - 1018
publisher
The American Chemical Society
external identifiers
  • wos:000173692100019
  • scopus:0037034411
ISSN
1520-5207
DOI
10.1021/jp0120458
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
001771c8-f831-42d0-8497-45eab64a3d65 (old id 343799)
date added to LUP
2007-11-09 13:22:25
date last changed
2017-12-10 04:31:37
@article{001771c8-f831-42d0-8497-45eab64a3d65,
  abstract     = {The complex salt (ionic surfactant + polymeric counterion) cetyltrimethylammonium polyacrylate (CTAPA) has been synthesized, and its aqueous mixtures with cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTABr) have been studied. These mixtures differ from conventional oppositely charged polymer/surfactant mixtures in that the conventional counterion of the polyion (usually sodium, for the polyacrylate) is absent, which simplifies the studies and their interpretation considerably. The phase diagram of the CTAPA/CTABr/water system at &gt; 20 wt % water and at 40 degreesC has been established, representing the first truly ternary phase diagram of an oppositely charged polymer/surfactant pair in water. The two dimensions of the phase diagram may be chosen as the water content (in weight percent) and the fraction of bromide counterions, x(Br) (in units of charge equivalents). The phase diagram is characterized by a large hexagonal phase (at low water contents and for all values of x(Br)), a small cubic phase (at 55 wt % water content and for x(Br) &lt; 0.1), a narrow isotropic (micellar) phase (at high water contents and for x(Br) &gt; 0.9), and a large multiphase region (at water contents &gt; 50 wt %) containing two or three of the cubic, hexagonal, or isotropic phases in coexistence. The cubic and hexagonal phases are connected to the corresponding phases that separate out from aqueous NaPA/CTABr mixtures. The maximum water uptake of the hexagonal phase is remarkably constant at ca. 50 wt % over a large CTAPA/CTABr composition range (x(Br) &lt; 0.9). The study confirms previous conclusions that the polyacrylate counterions favor a higher aggregate curvature (leading to smaller aggregates) than do the bromide counterions.},
  author       = {Svensson, Anna and Piculell, Lennart and Cabane, B and Ilekti, P},
  issn         = {1520-5207},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {1013--1018},
  publisher    = {The American Chemical Society},
  series       = {The Journal of Physical Chemistry Part B},
  title        = {A new approach to the phase behavior of oppositely charged polymers and surfactants},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp0120458},
  volume       = {106},
  year         = {2002},
}