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Motor Vehicle speeds Recommendations for Urban Sustainability

Ivan, John N.; Jonsson, Thomas LU and Borsos, Attila (2012) In Transportation Research Record p.1-8
Abstract
This paper explores how vehicle speeds are related to equitable, environmental, and economic sustainability of urban areas. This relationship is manifested primarily through associations between vehicle speeds and road crash casualties, severity of pedestrian crashes, generation of harmful emissions, and relative desirability of neighboring land. Reported research findings describing these associations are presented and discussed. Reported experiences with implementing various methods of influencing vehicle speeds, including automated enforcement, self-explaining roads, and in-vehicle systems, are presented and discussed. To support increased sustainability of urban areas, the following steps are recommended: (a) speed limits should be set... (More)
This paper explores how vehicle speeds are related to equitable, environmental, and economic sustainability of urban areas. This relationship is manifested primarily through associations between vehicle speeds and road crash casualties, severity of pedestrian crashes, generation of harmful emissions, and relative desirability of neighboring land. Reported research findings describing these associations are presented and discussed. Reported experiences with implementing various methods of influencing vehicle speeds, including automated enforcement, self-explaining roads, and in-vehicle systems, are presented and discussed. To support increased sustainability of urban areas, the following steps are recommended: (a) speed limits should be set to limit casualty risk and not to accommodate driver choices, (b) roadways in developed areas should be designed with 10-ft lanes and on-street parking and sidewalks, and (c) vehicle speeds in downtown and residential areas should be kept below 25 mph (preferably 20 mph). The paper also identifies gaps in knowledge about speed and sustainability. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Transportation Research Record
issue
2301
pages
1 - 8
publisher
Transportation Research Board, Washington DC, USA
external identifiers
  • wos:000313474300001
  • scopus:84904726188
ISSN
0361-1981
DOI
10.3141/2301-01
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
8f2d261a-80a6-4df2-b3f6-caa8d0618419 (old id 3481607)
date added to LUP
2013-02-26 12:15:50
date last changed
2017-01-01 05:48:55
@article{8f2d261a-80a6-4df2-b3f6-caa8d0618419,
  abstract     = {This paper explores how vehicle speeds are related to equitable, environmental, and economic sustainability of urban areas. This relationship is manifested primarily through associations between vehicle speeds and road crash casualties, severity of pedestrian crashes, generation of harmful emissions, and relative desirability of neighboring land. Reported research findings describing these associations are presented and discussed. Reported experiences with implementing various methods of influencing vehicle speeds, including automated enforcement, self-explaining roads, and in-vehicle systems, are presented and discussed. To support increased sustainability of urban areas, the following steps are recommended: (a) speed limits should be set to limit casualty risk and not to accommodate driver choices, (b) roadways in developed areas should be designed with 10-ft lanes and on-street parking and sidewalks, and (c) vehicle speeds in downtown and residential areas should be kept below 25 mph (preferably 20 mph). The paper also identifies gaps in knowledge about speed and sustainability.},
  author       = {Ivan, John N. and Jonsson, Thomas and Borsos, Attila},
  issn         = {0361-1981},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2301},
  pages        = {1--8},
  publisher    = {Transportation Research Board, Washington DC, USA},
  series       = {Transportation Research Record},
  title        = {Motor Vehicle speeds Recommendations for Urban Sustainability},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3141/2301-01},
  year         = {2012},
}