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Earwitnesses: the effect of type of vocal differences on correct identification and confidence accuracy

Zetterholm, Elisabeth; Sarwar, Farhan LU ; Thorvaldsson, Valgeir and Allwood, Carl Martin (2012) In International Journal of Speech Language and the Law 19(2). p.219-237
Abstract
Individual voice and speech characteristics are important for earwitness identification. A target-absent line-up with six foils was used to analyse the influence of voice and speech features on recognition. To create ecologically valid conditions for voice recognition, the present study used voices in conversation in the target event and for the foils. The participants were particularly successful in rejecting the two voice foils that were most dissimilar to the target voice in articulation rate and pitch. These two foils were also given somewhat higher confidence judgments than the other foils, although the level of that confidence was still somewhat low. In fact, participants as a collective were underconfident for these two foils but... (More)
Individual voice and speech characteristics are important for earwitness identification. A target-absent line-up with six foils was used to analyse the influence of voice and speech features on recognition. To create ecologically valid conditions for voice recognition, the present study used voices in conversation in the target event and for the foils. The participants were particularly successful in rejecting the two voice foils that were most dissimilar to the target voice in articulation rate and pitch. These two foils were also given somewhat higher confidence judgments than the other foils, although the level of that confidence was still somewhat low. In fact, participants as a collective were underconfident for these two foils but were overconfident for the other foils. In addition, they showed somewhat better ability in their confidence judgments to distinguish correct and incorrect responses for the two most dissimilar foils than for the four foils for which their identification responses were less successful. For the other four foils, which were more similar to the target voice, the participants showed in their confidence judgments very poor ability to distinguish between correct and incorrect identifications. Later positions in the parade were more often (erroneously) identified as the culprit, regardless of the specific foils used in those positions. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
VOICE AND SPEECH CHARACTERISTICS, VOICE LINE-UP, EARWITNESS, IDENTIFICATION, REALISM IN CONFIDENCE
in
International Journal of Speech Language and the Law
volume
19
issue
2
pages
219 - 237
publisher
Equinox
external identifiers
  • wos:000312963000004
  • scopus:84878304267
ISSN
1748-8885
DOI
10.1558/ijsll.v19i2.219
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
7d022153-1c88-4138-aff2-06f9c5492c30 (old id 3504147)
date added to LUP
2013-02-19 13:48:33
date last changed
2017-01-08 03:37:53
@article{7d022153-1c88-4138-aff2-06f9c5492c30,
  abstract     = {Individual voice and speech characteristics are important for earwitness identification. A target-absent line-up with six foils was used to analyse the influence of voice and speech features on recognition. To create ecologically valid conditions for voice recognition, the present study used voices in conversation in the target event and for the foils. The participants were particularly successful in rejecting the two voice foils that were most dissimilar to the target voice in articulation rate and pitch. These two foils were also given somewhat higher confidence judgments than the other foils, although the level of that confidence was still somewhat low. In fact, participants as a collective were underconfident for these two foils but were overconfident for the other foils. In addition, they showed somewhat better ability in their confidence judgments to distinguish correct and incorrect responses for the two most dissimilar foils than for the four foils for which their identification responses were less successful. For the other four foils, which were more similar to the target voice, the participants showed in their confidence judgments very poor ability to distinguish between correct and incorrect identifications. Later positions in the parade were more often (erroneously) identified as the culprit, regardless of the specific foils used in those positions.},
  author       = {Zetterholm, Elisabeth and Sarwar, Farhan and Thorvaldsson, Valgeir and Allwood, Carl Martin},
  issn         = {1748-8885},
  keyword      = {VOICE AND SPEECH CHARACTERISTICS,VOICE LINE-UP,EARWITNESS,IDENTIFICATION,REALISM IN CONFIDENCE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {219--237},
  publisher    = {Equinox},
  series       = {International Journal of Speech Language and the Law},
  title        = {Earwitnesses: the effect of type of vocal differences on correct identification and confidence accuracy},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1558/ijsll.v19i2.219},
  volume       = {19},
  year         = {2012},
}