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War exposure and maternal reactions in the psychological adjustment of children from Bosnia-Hercegovina

Smith, Patrick; Perrin, Sean LU ; Yule, William and Rabe-Hesketh, Sophia (2001) In Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines 42(3). p.395-404
Abstract
As part of a UNICEF-sponsored Psychosocial Programme in Bosnia, data were collected from a representative sample of 339 children aged 9–14 years, their mothers, and their teachers in order to investigate risk and moderating factors in children's psychological reactions to war. Self-report data from children revealed high levels of post-traumatic stress symptoms and grief reactions, but normal levels of depression and anxiety. Mothers’ self-reports also indicated high levels of post-traumatic stress reactions, but normal levels of depression and anxiety. Child distress was related to both their level of exposure and to maternal reactions. Structural equation modeling was used to quantify the relationships between these risk factors and... (More)
As part of a UNICEF-sponsored Psychosocial Programme in Bosnia, data were collected from a representative sample of 339 children aged 9–14 years, their mothers, and their teachers in order to investigate risk and moderating factors in children's psychological reactions to war. Self-report data from children revealed high levels of post-traumatic stress symptoms and grief reactions, but normal levels of depression and anxiety. Mothers’ self-reports also indicated high levels of post-traumatic stress reactions, but normal levels of depression and anxiety. Child distress was related to both their level of exposure and to maternal reactions. Structural equation modeling was used to quantify the relationships between these risk factors and child distress, and to examine putative pathways to account for the association between child and maternal health. Children's adjustment was associated significantly with both exposure (φ= .37) and maternal mental health (φ= .37). Modeling also revealed a significant distorting effect of mother's own mental health on behavioural ratings of her child (ψ= .59). Although evidence exists for an association between maternal mental health and mother rating errors, there is also a substantive association between maternal mental health and children's adjustment following war. (Less)
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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Anxiety, Depression, Parent-child interaction, Post-traumatic stress disorder, War
in
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines
volume
42
issue
3
pages
395 - 404
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • scopus:0035056870
ISSN
1469-7610
DOI
10.1111/1469-7610.00732
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
6cadd9e0-8933-4a6c-9b0c-2e7a62c493df (old id 3736438)
date added to LUP
2013-05-08 14:38:12
date last changed
2018-04-22 03:20:26
@article{6cadd9e0-8933-4a6c-9b0c-2e7a62c493df,
  abstract     = {As part of a UNICEF-sponsored Psychosocial Programme in Bosnia, data were collected from a representative sample of 339 children aged 9–14 years, their mothers, and their teachers in order to investigate risk and moderating factors in children's psychological reactions to war. Self-report data from children revealed high levels of post-traumatic stress symptoms and grief reactions, but normal levels of depression and anxiety. Mothers’ self-reports also indicated high levels of post-traumatic stress reactions, but normal levels of depression and anxiety. Child distress was related to both their level of exposure and to maternal reactions. Structural equation modeling was used to quantify the relationships between these risk factors and child distress, and to examine putative pathways to account for the association between child and maternal health. Children's adjustment was associated significantly with both exposure (φ= .37) and maternal mental health (φ= .37). Modeling also revealed a significant distorting effect of mother's own mental health on behavioural ratings of her child (ψ= .59). Although evidence exists for an association between maternal mental health and mother rating errors, there is also a substantive association between maternal mental health and children's adjustment following war.},
  author       = {Smith, Patrick and Perrin, Sean and Yule, William and Rabe-Hesketh, Sophia},
  issn         = {1469-7610},
  keyword      = {Anxiety,Depression,Parent-child interaction,Post-traumatic stress disorder,War},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {395--404},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines},
  title        = {War exposure and maternal reactions in the psychological adjustment of children from Bosnia-Hercegovina},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1469-7610.00732},
  volume       = {42},
  year         = {2001},
}