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miR-483-5p associates with obesity and insulin resistance and independently associates with new onset diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease

Gallo, Widet LU ; Esguerra, Jonathan Lou S. LU ; Eliasson, Lena LU and Melander, Olle LU (2018) In PLoS ONE 13(11).
Abstract

Our aim was to identify serum microRNAs (miRNAs) in healthy humans which associate with future onset of both diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. We performed global profiling of 753 mature human miRNAs in serum of 12 pilot subjects followed by measurement of 47 consistently expressed miRNAs in fasting serum of 553 healthy subjects from the baseline exam (1991–1994) of the population based Malmö Diet and Cancer Study Cardiovascular Cohort (MDC-CC), of whom 140 developed diabetes, and 169 cardiovascular diseases during follow-up. We used multivariate logistic regression to test individual miRNAs for association with incident diabetes and cardiovascular disease as compared to control subjects (n = 259). After Bonferroni... (More)

Our aim was to identify serum microRNAs (miRNAs) in healthy humans which associate with future onset of both diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. We performed global profiling of 753 mature human miRNAs in serum of 12 pilot subjects followed by measurement of 47 consistently expressed miRNAs in fasting serum of 553 healthy subjects from the baseline exam (1991–1994) of the population based Malmö Diet and Cancer Study Cardiovascular Cohort (MDC-CC), of whom 140 developed diabetes, and 169 cardiovascular diseases during follow-up. We used multivariate logistic regression to test individual miRNAs for association with incident diabetes and cardiovascular disease as compared to control subjects (n = 259). After Bonferroni correction and adjustment for age and sex, each SD increment of log-transformed miR-483-5p was significantly associated with both incident diabetes (OR = 1.48; 95% CI 1.18–1.84, P = 0.001) and cardiovascular disease (OR = 1.40; 95% CI 1.15, 1.72, P = 0.001). In cross sectional analysis, miR-483-5p was correlated with BMI (r = 0.162, P = 0.0001), fasting insulin (r = 0.156, P = 0.0002), HDL (r = -0.099, P = 0.02) and triglycerides (r = 0.11, P = 0.01). Adjustment for these metabolic risk factors, as well as traditional risk factors attenuated the miR-483-5p association with incident diabetes (OR = 1.28 95% CI 1.00–1.64, P = 0.049) whereas its association with incident cardiovascular disease Remained virtually unchanged (OR = 1.46 95% CI, 1.18–1.81, P = 0.0005). In conclusion, miR-483-5p associates with both diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The association with diabetes seems partly mediated by obesity and insulin resistance, whereas the association with incident cardiovascular disease is independent of these metabolic factors and traditional cardiovascular disease risk factors.

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author
organization
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
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in
PLoS ONE
volume
13
issue
11
publisher
Public Library of Science
external identifiers
  • scopus:85056343515
ISSN
1932-6203
DOI
10.1371/journal.pone.0206974
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
3b6572b6-f560-4f35-b31a-11f6ee9db8c1
date added to LUP
2018-11-22 12:12:33
date last changed
2019-11-13 05:21:09
@article{3b6572b6-f560-4f35-b31a-11f6ee9db8c1,
  abstract     = {<p>Our aim was to identify serum microRNAs (miRNAs) in healthy humans which associate with future onset of both diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. We performed global profiling of 753 mature human miRNAs in serum of 12 pilot subjects followed by measurement of 47 consistently expressed miRNAs in fasting serum of 553 healthy subjects from the baseline exam (1991–1994) of the population based Malmö Diet and Cancer Study Cardiovascular Cohort (MDC-CC), of whom 140 developed diabetes, and 169 cardiovascular diseases during follow-up. We used multivariate logistic regression to test individual miRNAs for association with incident diabetes and cardiovascular disease as compared to control subjects (n = 259). After Bonferroni correction and adjustment for age and sex, each SD increment of log-transformed miR-483-5p was significantly associated with both incident diabetes (OR = 1.48; 95% CI 1.18–1.84, P = 0.001) and cardiovascular disease (OR = 1.40; 95% CI 1.15, 1.72, P = 0.001). In cross sectional analysis, miR-483-5p was correlated with BMI (r = 0.162, P = 0.0001), fasting insulin (r = 0.156, P = 0.0002), HDL (r = -0.099, P = 0.02) and triglycerides (r = 0.11, P = 0.01). Adjustment for these metabolic risk factors, as well as traditional risk factors attenuated the miR-483-5p association with incident diabetes (OR = 1.28 95% CI 1.00–1.64, P = 0.049) whereas its association with incident cardiovascular disease Remained virtually unchanged (OR = 1.46 95% CI, 1.18–1.81, P = 0.0005). In conclusion, miR-483-5p associates with both diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The association with diabetes seems partly mediated by obesity and insulin resistance, whereas the association with incident cardiovascular disease is independent of these metabolic factors and traditional cardiovascular disease risk factors.</p>},
  articleno    = {e0206974},
  author       = {Gallo, Widet and Esguerra, Jonathan Lou S. and Eliasson, Lena and Melander, Olle},
  issn         = {1932-6203},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {11},
  number       = {11},
  publisher    = {Public Library of Science},
  series       = {PLoS ONE},
  title        = {miR-483-5p associates with obesity and insulin resistance and independently associates with new onset diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0206974},
  volume       = {13},
  year         = {2018},
}