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Prototypes and same-gender bias in perceptions of hiring discrimination

Carlsson, Rickard LU and Sinclair, Samantha LU (2017) In Journal of Social Psychology
Abstract

The present study investigated the relative importance of two explanations behind perceptions of gender discrimination in hiring: prototypes and same-gender bias. According to the prototype explanation, people perceive an event as discrimination to the extent that it fits their preconceptions of typical discrimination. In contrast, the same-gender bias explanation asserts that people more readily detect discrimination toward members of their own gender. In four experiments (n = 797), women and men made considerably stronger discrimination attributions, and were moderately more discouraged from seeking work, when the victim was female rather than male. Further, a series of regressions analyses showed beliefs in discrimination of women to... (More)

The present study investigated the relative importance of two explanations behind perceptions of gender discrimination in hiring: prototypes and same-gender bias. According to the prototype explanation, people perceive an event as discrimination to the extent that it fits their preconceptions of typical discrimination. In contrast, the same-gender bias explanation asserts that people more readily detect discrimination toward members of their own gender. In four experiments (n = 797), women and men made considerably stronger discrimination attributions, and were moderately more discouraged from seeking work, when the victim was female rather than male. Further, a series of regressions analyses showed beliefs in discrimination of women to be moderately correlated with discrimination attributions of female victims, but little added explanatory value of participant gender, stigma consciousness, or feminist identification. The results offer strong support for the prototype explanation.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
Gender, in-group bias, perceived discrimination, prototypes
in
Journal of Social Psychology
pages
13 pages
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • scopus:85028562522
ISSN
0022-4545
DOI
10.1080/00224545.2017.1341374
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
3c207bcd-0c08-4261-9d34-76e6ce8a6230
date added to LUP
2017-09-27 09:56:44
date last changed
2018-01-07 12:19:34
@article{3c207bcd-0c08-4261-9d34-76e6ce8a6230,
  abstract     = {<p>The present study investigated the relative importance of two explanations behind perceptions of gender discrimination in hiring: prototypes and same-gender bias. According to the prototype explanation, people perceive an event as discrimination to the extent that it fits their preconceptions of typical discrimination. In contrast, the same-gender bias explanation asserts that people more readily detect discrimination toward members of their own gender. In four experiments (n = 797), women and men made considerably stronger discrimination attributions, and were moderately more discouraged from seeking work, when the victim was female rather than male. Further, a series of regressions analyses showed beliefs in discrimination of women to be moderately correlated with discrimination attributions of female victims, but little added explanatory value of participant gender, stigma consciousness, or feminist identification. The results offer strong support for the prototype explanation.</p>},
  author       = {Carlsson, Rickard and Sinclair, Samantha},
  issn         = {0022-4545},
  keyword      = {Gender,in-group bias,perceived discrimination,prototypes},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {08},
  pages        = {13},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Journal of Social Psychology},
  title        = {Prototypes and same-gender bias in perceptions of hiring discrimination},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00224545.2017.1341374},
  year         = {2017},
}