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Deepwater Archaeology of the Black Sea : The 2000 Season at Sinop, Turkey

Ballard, Robert; Hiebert, Fred; Coleman, Dwight; Ward, Cheryl; Smith, Jennifer; Willis, Kathryn; Foley, Brendan LU ; Croff, Katherine; Major, Candace and Torre, Francesco (2001) In American Journal of Archaeology 105(4). p.607-623
Abstract
In 2000, a major expedition for deepwater archaeology was conducted by the Institute for Exploration in the Black Sea along the northwestern coast of Turkey from the Bosporus to the Turkish seaport of Sinop. A complementary land-based expedition will be reported upon elsewhere. The 2000 underwater expedition had three research objectives: to search for evidence of human habitation prior to major flooding of the Black Sea that researchers predicted occurred some 7,500 years ago; to investigate a deepwater shipping route; and to search for ancient wooden ships in the sea's anoxic bottom waters. Research methods included the use of a phased-array side-scan sonar, a towed imaging sled, and a small remotely operated vehicle (ROV) to collect... (More)
In 2000, a major expedition for deepwater archaeology was conducted by the Institute for Exploration in the Black Sea along the northwestern coast of Turkey from the Bosporus to the Turkish seaport of Sinop. A complementary land-based expedition will be reported upon elsewhere. The 2000 underwater expedition had three research objectives: to search for evidence of human habitation prior to major flooding of the Black Sea that researchers predicted occurred some 7,500 years ago; to investigate a deepwater shipping route; and to search for ancient wooden ships in the sea's anoxic bottom waters. Research methods included the use of a phased-array side-scan sonar, a towed imaging sled, and a small remotely operated vehicle (ROV) to collect deepsea survey data. Three shipwrecks and a probable site reflecting human habitation prior to the proposed flooding event were located at depths around 100m. One additional shipwreck was found within the anoxic layer at a depth of 324m. The ship found within the anoxic layer was intact, in a high state of preservation, and dated to the Byzantine period of 450 A.D. (Less)
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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
shipwrecks, deep water, Black Sea, Remotely Operated Vehicle, deep submergence
in
American Journal of Archaeology
volume
105
issue
4
pages
607 - 623
publisher
Archaeological Institute of America
ISSN
0002-9114
DOI
10.2307/507409
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
3c540bbd-a382-4269-bb03-e65e356aec20
date added to LUP
2018-03-30 23:21:14
date last changed
2018-04-03 15:51:14
@article{3c540bbd-a382-4269-bb03-e65e356aec20,
  abstract     = {In 2000, a major expedition for deepwater archaeology was conducted by the Institute for Exploration in the Black Sea along the northwestern coast of Turkey from the Bosporus to the Turkish seaport of Sinop. A  complementary land-based expedition will be reported upon elsewhere. The 2000 underwater expedition had three research objectives: to search for evidence of human habitation prior to major flooding of the Black Sea that researchers predicted occurred some 7,500 years ago; to investigate a deepwater shipping route; and to search for ancient wooden ships in the sea's anoxic bottom waters. Research methods included the use of a phased-array side-scan sonar, a towed imaging sled, and a small remotely operated vehicle (ROV) to collect deepsea survey data. Three shipwrecks and a probable site reflecting human habitation prior to the proposed flooding event were located at depths around 100m. One additional shipwreck was found within the anoxic layer at a depth of 324m. The ship found within the anoxic layer was intact, in a high state of preservation, and dated to the Byzantine period of 450 A.D.},
  author       = {Ballard, Robert and Hiebert, Fred and Coleman, Dwight and Ward, Cheryl and Smith, Jennifer and Willis, Kathryn and Foley, Brendan and Croff, Katherine and Major, Candace and Torre, Francesco},
  issn         = {0002-9114},
  keyword      = {shipwrecks,deep water,Black Sea,Remotely Operated Vehicle,deep submergence},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {607--623},
  publisher    = {Archaeological Institute of America},
  series       = {American Journal of Archaeology},
  title        = {Deepwater Archaeology of the Black Sea : The 2000 Season at Sinop, Turkey},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/507409},
  volume       = {105},
  year         = {2001},
}