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Psychosocial aspects before and up to 2 years after heart or lung transplantation : Experience of patients and their next of kin

Ågren, Susanna LU ; Sjöberg, Trygve LU ; Ekmehag, Björn LU ; Wiborg, Maj-Britt and Ivarsson, Bodil LU (2017) In Clinical Transplantation 31(3).
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors are important for patients undergoing heart (HTx) or lung (LTx) transplantation and for their next of kin (NoK).

AIM: To describe health-related quality of life (HRQoL; patients only), anxiety, depression, stress, coping ability, and burden (NoK only) for patients and their NoK before and up to 2 years after HTx or LTx.

DESIGN: Adult patients (28 hearts and 26 lungs) and their appointed NoK were surveyed with questionnaires about specific psychosocial topics when they were accepted for the transplantation waiting list and 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years after transplantation.

FINDINGS: Patients' coping ability and self-perceived health were low at baseline and improved over time after... (More)

BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors are important for patients undergoing heart (HTx) or lung (LTx) transplantation and for their next of kin (NoK).

AIM: To describe health-related quality of life (HRQoL; patients only), anxiety, depression, stress, coping ability, and burden (NoK only) for patients and their NoK before and up to 2 years after HTx or LTx.

DESIGN: Adult patients (28 hearts and 26 lungs) and their appointed NoK were surveyed with questionnaires about specific psychosocial topics when they were accepted for the transplantation waiting list and 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years after transplantation.

FINDINGS: Patients' coping ability and self-perceived health were low at baseline and improved over time after transplantation. However, lung patients took longer time to recover in terms of HRQoL, depression, and stress than heart patients. Similarly, NoK of lung patients experienced a higher burden and more stress 1 year after transplantation than NoK of heart patients.

CONCLUSIONS: Healthcare professionals should be aware of the psychosocial challenges patients and their NoK face in daily living and provide support both before and after heart or lung transplantation.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Clinical Transplantation
volume
31
issue
3
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • scopus:85012050815
  • wos:000395382200017
ISSN
1399-0012
DOI
10.1111/ctr.12905
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
3d8ccb99-1e7b-4a33-9539-537aff285230
date added to LUP
2017-02-23 08:45:59
date last changed
2018-01-07 11:52:02
@article{3d8ccb99-1e7b-4a33-9539-537aff285230,
  abstract     = {<p>BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors are important for patients undergoing heart (HTx) or lung (LTx) transplantation and for their next of kin (NoK).</p><p>AIM: To describe health-related quality of life (HRQoL; patients only), anxiety, depression, stress, coping ability, and burden (NoK only) for patients and their NoK before and up to 2 years after HTx or LTx.</p><p>DESIGN: Adult patients (28 hearts and 26 lungs) and their appointed NoK were surveyed with questionnaires about specific psychosocial topics when they were accepted for the transplantation waiting list and 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years after transplantation.</p><p>FINDINGS: Patients' coping ability and self-perceived health were low at baseline and improved over time after transplantation. However, lung patients took longer time to recover in terms of HRQoL, depression, and stress than heart patients. Similarly, NoK of lung patients experienced a higher burden and more stress 1 year after transplantation than NoK of heart patients.</p><p>CONCLUSIONS: Healthcare professionals should be aware of the psychosocial challenges patients and their NoK face in daily living and provide support both before and after heart or lung transplantation.</p>},
  articleno    = {e12905},
  author       = {Ågren, Susanna and Sjöberg, Trygve and Ekmehag, Björn and Wiborg, Maj-Britt and Ivarsson, Bodil},
  issn         = {1399-0012},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Clinical Transplantation},
  title        = {Psychosocial aspects before and up to 2 years after heart or lung transplantation : Experience of patients and their next of kin},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ctr.12905},
  volume       = {31},
  year         = {2017},
}