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Why did Swedish regional net migration rates fall in the 1970s? : The role of policy changes versus structural change, 1945–1985

Molinder, Jakob LU (2018) In Scandinavian Economic History Review 66(1). p.91-115
Abstract
The relationship between local labour market conditions and regional migration has been widely discussed within research. In Sweden, where interregional migration reached a peak in the 1960s but decreased substantially in the 1970s, the role of economic policy has been especially contended in light of the Swedish model and its official stress on regional mobility. By collecting and creating a new and unique dataset on net-migration, vacancy rates, employment and labour income by county, the pattern of interregional migration in Sweden is analysed over a period of time that also covers the early postwar period (1945– 1985), allowing for a detailed evaluation of the drivers of migration at different times. My results suggest that there was... (More)
The relationship between local labour market conditions and regional migration has been widely discussed within research. In Sweden, where interregional migration reached a peak in the 1960s but decreased substantially in the 1970s, the role of economic policy has been especially contended in light of the Swedish model and its official stress on regional mobility. By collecting and creating a new and unique dataset on net-migration, vacancy rates, employment and labour income by county, the pattern of interregional migration in Sweden is analysed over a period of time that also covers the early postwar period (1945– 1985), allowing for a detailed evaluation of the drivers of migration at different times. My results suggest that there was no significant change over time in the responsiveness of migration to local labour market conditions. The changing patterns of regional migration were therefore more likely the result of changes in the pace and direction of structural change. I discuss the implications of these results for previous accounts of the Swedish model and of the decline in migration after 1970. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Swedish model, regional migration, labour markets, economic restructuring
in
Scandinavian Economic History Review
volume
66
issue
1
pages
26 pages
publisher
Routledge
external identifiers
  • scopus:85042232358
ISSN
0358-5522
DOI
10.1080/03585522.2018.1433228
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
3da52ecd-2a6c-49e0-93c9-463196df2627
date added to LUP
2018-02-21 12:35:59
date last changed
2018-05-29 12:26:57
@article{3da52ecd-2a6c-49e0-93c9-463196df2627,
  abstract     = {The relationship between local labour market conditions and regional migration has been widely discussed within research. In Sweden, where interregional migration reached a peak in the 1960s but decreased substantially in the 1970s, the role of economic policy has been especially contended in light of the Swedish model and its official stress on regional mobility. By collecting and creating a new and unique dataset on net-migration, vacancy rates, employment and labour income by county, the pattern of interregional migration in Sweden is analysed over a period of time that also covers the early postwar period (1945– 1985), allowing for a detailed evaluation of the drivers of migration at different times. My results suggest that there was no significant change over time in the responsiveness of migration to local labour market conditions. The changing patterns of regional migration were therefore more likely the result of changes in the pace and direction of structural change. I discuss the implications of these results for previous accounts of the Swedish model and of the decline in migration after 1970.},
  author       = {Molinder, Jakob},
  issn         = {0358-5522},
  keyword      = {Swedish model,regional migration,labour markets,economic restructuring},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {91--115},
  publisher    = {Routledge},
  series       = {Scandinavian Economic History Review},
  title        = {Why did Swedish regional net migration rates fall in the 1970s? : The role of policy changes versus structural change, 1945–1985},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03585522.2018.1433228},
  volume       = {66},
  year         = {2018},
}