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A Q-methodological study of personal worldviews

Nilsson, Artur LU (2018) In Journal for Person-Oriented Research 4(2). p.78-94
Abstract
Psychological research on personal worldviews has relied almost exclusively on a quantitative approach that is ill-equipped to fully capture human subjectivity. Using Q-methodology, this study revealed the multiplicity of meanings and internal structures of the worldviews of eighty Swedish adults across the domains of metaphysics, epistemology, human nature, morality, and values. Four coherent worldview Q-factors were extracted and interpreted qualitatively. Ontological and epistemological beliefs proved to be the highest in terms of subjective significance and divergence between worldviews, although they have been largely ignored in past research. The results were in part supportive of polarity theory, which describes the structure of... (More)
Psychological research on personal worldviews has relied almost exclusively on a quantitative approach that is ill-equipped to fully capture human subjectivity. Using Q-methodology, this study revealed the multiplicity of meanings and internal structures of the worldviews of eighty Swedish adults across the domains of metaphysics, epistemology, human nature, morality, and values. Four coherent worldview Q-factors were extracted and interpreted qualitatively. Ontological and epistemological beliefs proved to be the highest in terms of subjective significance and divergence between worldviews, although they have been largely ignored in past research. The results were in part supportive of polarity theory, which describes the structure of worldviews in terms of the opposition between humanistic and normativistic positions, while also suggesting amendments to this theory, by illuminating the differences between hedonistic and openness-focused forms of humanism and between empiricist and rationalist, as well as religious and atheistic, forms of normativism, and the ways in which elements of both positions are combined or rejected. The findings illustrate how Q-methodology can be used to elaborate and correct the understandings of personal worldviews that are produced by traditional quantitative forms of inquiry. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
worldview, philosophy of life, meaning, ideology, polarity theory, Q-methodology
in
Journal for Person-Oriented Research
volume
4
issue
2
pages
78 - 94
publisher
Scandinavian Society for Person-Oriented Research
ISSN
2002-0244
DOI
10.17505/jpor.2018.08
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
3e484cc1-dc78-4473-9406-774309276b5e
date added to LUP
2018-12-22 02:08:40
date last changed
2019-01-16 15:57:05
@article{3e484cc1-dc78-4473-9406-774309276b5e,
  abstract     = {Psychological research on personal worldviews has relied almost exclusively on a quantitative approach that is ill-equipped to fully capture human subjectivity. Using Q-methodology, this study revealed the multiplicity of meanings and internal structures of the worldviews of eighty Swedish adults across the domains of metaphysics, epistemology, human nature, morality, and values. Four coherent worldview Q-factors were extracted and interpreted qualitatively. Ontological and epistemological beliefs proved to be the highest in terms of subjective significance and divergence between worldviews, although they have been largely ignored in past research. The results were in part supportive of polarity theory, which describes the structure of worldviews in terms of the opposition between humanistic and normativistic positions, while also suggesting amendments to this theory, by illuminating the differences between hedonistic and openness-focused forms of humanism and between empiricist and rationalist, as well as religious and atheistic, forms of normativism, and the ways in which elements of both positions are combined or rejected. The findings illustrate how Q-methodology can be used to elaborate and correct the understandings of personal worldviews that are produced by traditional quantitative forms of inquiry.},
  author       = {Nilsson, Artur},
  issn         = {2002-0244},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {12},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {78--94},
  publisher    = {Scandinavian Society for Person-Oriented Research},
  series       = {Journal for Person-Oriented Research},
  title        = {A Q-methodological study of personal worldviews},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.17505/jpor.2018.08},
  doi          = {10.17505/jpor.2018.08},
  volume       = {4},
  year         = {2018},
}