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Mind the gap, Inequalities in infant and child mortality: the case of Colombia, 1967-2010

Palacio, Andrés LU (2013) In Lund Studies in Economic History 60.
Abstract
The aim of this dissertation is to examine how differences in socioeconomic status, race and place of residence interact with infant and child mortality in Colombia over the period 1967-2010. One of the reasons why the study focuses on infant and child mortality is that the living conditions of children are outside their control, and therefore a good measure of inequality of opportunity. This study explores two large micro-datasets, the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series-International (IPUMS-I) and finds that mortality is socially and racially stratified in Colombia. Health care alone cannot reduce the relative differences in mortality In addition, relative differences are also dependent on... (More)
The aim of this dissertation is to examine how differences in socioeconomic status, race and place of residence interact with infant and child mortality in Colombia over the period 1967-2010. One of the reasons why the study focuses on infant and child mortality is that the living conditions of children are outside their control, and therefore a good measure of inequality of opportunity. This study explores two large micro-datasets, the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series-International (IPUMS-I) and finds that mortality is socially and racially stratified in Colombia. Health care alone cannot reduce the relative differences in mortality In addition, relative differences are also dependent on the context at the municipality level, and the geographical differencess in mortality have widened over the period. Thus, improvements in survival have been made, absolute inequalities have narrowed, but relative inequalities have not improved, remained high and even widened according to some measures. The conclusion may be unexpected for the public opinion given that the decline in absolute inequalities are taken as a sign of overall improvement, but the focus on relative inequalities reveals that patterns of inequality in Colombia are persistently high. If attention is not directed towards these patterns, they might worsen. The benefits of growth are less concentrated than before, but the pattern of exclusion is evident, and is related to historically conditioned socioeconomic inequalities between groups, areas and ethnicities. (Less)
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author
supervisor
opponent
  • Dr. Ramiro Fariñas, Diego, Institute of Economics, Geography and Demography at the Spanish Council for Scientific Research
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
infant mortality, child mortality, socioeconomic status, race, place, relative inequality
categories
Higher Education
in
Lund Studies in Economic History
volume
60
pages
199 pages
publisher
Department of Economic History, Lund University
defense location
Holger Crafoords Ekonomicentrum, room EC3:211
defense date
2013-10-02 10:15
ISSN
1400-4860
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
938e0546-dd6a-45de-ab9a-07558ccae2b4 (old id 4022699)
date added to LUP
2013-09-10 12:23:53
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:48
@phdthesis{938e0546-dd6a-45de-ab9a-07558ccae2b4,
  abstract     = {The aim of this dissertation is to examine how differences in socioeconomic status, race and place of residence interact with infant and child mortality in Colombia over the period 1967-2010. One of the reasons why the study focuses on infant and child mortality is that the living conditions of children are outside their control, and therefore a good measure of inequality of opportunity. This study explores two large micro-datasets, the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series-International (IPUMS-I) and finds that mortality is socially and racially stratified in Colombia. Health care alone cannot reduce the relative differences in mortality In addition, relative differences are also dependent on the context at the municipality level, and the geographical differencess in mortality have widened over the period. Thus, improvements in survival have been made, absolute inequalities have narrowed, but relative inequalities have not improved, remained high and even widened according to some measures. The conclusion may be unexpected for the public opinion given that the decline in absolute inequalities are taken as a sign of overall improvement, but the focus on relative inequalities reveals that patterns of inequality in Colombia are persistently high. If attention is not directed towards these patterns, they might worsen. The benefits of growth are less concentrated than before, but the pattern of exclusion is evident, and is related to historically conditioned socioeconomic inequalities between groups, areas and ethnicities.},
  author       = {Palacio, Andrés},
  issn         = {1400-4860},
  keyword      = {infant mortality,child mortality,socioeconomic status,race,place,relative inequality},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {199},
  publisher    = {Department of Economic History, Lund University},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Lund Studies in Economic History},
  title        = {Mind the gap, Inequalities in infant and child mortality: the case of Colombia, 1967-2010},
  volume       = {60},
  year         = {2013},
}