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Type 2 diabetes and risk for periodontal disease: a role for dental health awareness

Jansson, H ; Lindholm, Eero LU ; Lindh, C ; Groop, Leif LU and Bratthall, G (2006) In Journal of Clinical Periodontology 33(6). p.408-414
Abstract
Background: Several studies have found correlations between diabetes and an increased prevalence of periodontitis. Objective: To analyse, in a group of subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2D), (i) the association between medical characteristics and severe periodontal disease and (ii) dental care habits and knowledge of oral health. Methods: One hundred and ninety-one subjects with T2D were examined. Based on assessment of marginal bone height in panoramic radiographs, two periodontal subgroups were identified: one periodontally diseased (PD+) and one periodontally healthy (PD-) group. All subjects completed a questionnaire about their medical and oral health. Results: Twenty per cent of the subjects were classified as PD+. This was verified by... (More)
Background: Several studies have found correlations between diabetes and an increased prevalence of periodontitis. Objective: To analyse, in a group of subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2D), (i) the association between medical characteristics and severe periodontal disease and (ii) dental care habits and knowledge of oral health. Methods: One hundred and ninety-one subjects with T2D were examined. Based on assessment of marginal bone height in panoramic radiographs, two periodontal subgroups were identified: one periodontally diseased (PD+) and one periodontally healthy (PD-) group. All subjects completed a questionnaire about their medical and oral health. Results: Twenty per cent of the subjects were classified as PD+. This was verified by clinical parameters. PD+ individuals had higher haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels (p=0.033) and higher prevalences of cardiovascular complications (p=0.012). They were also less likely to be of Scandinavian origin (p=0.028) and more likely to smoke (p < 0.001) than the PD- group. The PD+ group rated their oral health as poor (p < 0.0001) and believed that T2D had an influence on their oral status (p < 0.0001). Conclusion: The best predictor for severe periodontal disease in subjects with T2D is smoking followed by HbA1c levels. T2D subjects should be informed about the increased risk for periodontal disease when suffering from T2D. (Less)
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author
; ; ; and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
risk, diabetes mellitus, periodontal disease, dental care habits, smoking, factor
in
Journal of Clinical Periodontology
volume
33
issue
6
pages
408 - 414
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • pmid:16677329
  • wos:000237350500006
  • scopus:33646711664
  • pmid:16677329
ISSN
1600-051X
DOI
10.1111/j.1600-051X.2006.00929.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
38b762b0-0282-473c-b9f9-7c7cedda494f (old id 410419)
date added to LUP
2016-04-01 16:48:04
date last changed
2020-11-22 06:41:24
@article{38b762b0-0282-473c-b9f9-7c7cedda494f,
  abstract     = {Background: Several studies have found correlations between diabetes and an increased prevalence of periodontitis. Objective: To analyse, in a group of subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2D), (i) the association between medical characteristics and severe periodontal disease and (ii) dental care habits and knowledge of oral health. Methods: One hundred and ninety-one subjects with T2D were examined. Based on assessment of marginal bone height in panoramic radiographs, two periodontal subgroups were identified: one periodontally diseased (PD+) and one periodontally healthy (PD-) group. All subjects completed a questionnaire about their medical and oral health. Results: Twenty per cent of the subjects were classified as PD+. This was verified by clinical parameters. PD+ individuals had higher haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels (p=0.033) and higher prevalences of cardiovascular complications (p=0.012). They were also less likely to be of Scandinavian origin (p=0.028) and more likely to smoke (p &lt; 0.001) than the PD- group. The PD+ group rated their oral health as poor (p &lt; 0.0001) and believed that T2D had an influence on their oral status (p &lt; 0.0001). Conclusion: The best predictor for severe periodontal disease in subjects with T2D is smoking followed by HbA1c levels. T2D subjects should be informed about the increased risk for periodontal disease when suffering from T2D.},
  author       = {Jansson, H and Lindholm, Eero and Lindh, C and Groop, Leif and Bratthall, G},
  issn         = {1600-051X},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {408--414},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Journal of Clinical Periodontology},
  title        = {Type 2 diabetes and risk for periodontal disease: a role for dental health awareness},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-051X.2006.00929.x},
  doi          = {10.1111/j.1600-051X.2006.00929.x},
  volume       = {33},
  year         = {2006},
}