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The nature of ultraviolet spectra of AG Pegasi and other symbiotic stars: locations, origins, and excitation mechanisms of emission lines

Eriksson, Mattias LU ; Johansson, Sveneric LU and Wahlgren, Glenn LU (2006) In Astronomy & Astrophysics 451(1). p.89-157
Abstract
A detailed study of ultraviolet spectra of the symbiotic star AG Peg has been undertaken to derive the atomic excitation mechanisms and origin of formation for the lines common in symbiotic systems. More than 600 emission lines are observed in spectra from IUE, HST and FUSE of which 585 are identified. Population mechanisms and origin of formation are given for a majority of those lines. Based on the understanding of the AG Peg spectra IUE data of 19 additional symbiotic stars are investigated and differences and similarities of their spectra are discussed. Fe II fluorescence lines pumped by strong emission lines between 1000 and 2000 angstrom are observed in 13 of these systems. Some of the symbiotic systems belonging to the subclass... (More)
A detailed study of ultraviolet spectra of the symbiotic star AG Peg has been undertaken to derive the atomic excitation mechanisms and origin of formation for the lines common in symbiotic systems. More than 600 emission lines are observed in spectra from IUE, HST and FUSE of which 585 are identified. Population mechanisms and origin of formation are given for a majority of those lines. Based on the understanding of the AG Peg spectra IUE data of 19 additional symbiotic stars are investigated and differences and similarities of their spectra are discussed. Fe II fluorescence lines pumped by strong emission lines between 1000 and 2000 angstrom are observed in 13 of these systems. Some of the symbiotic systems belonging to the subclass symbiotic novae have more than 100 Fe II fluorescence lines in the ultraviolet wavelength region. Forbidden lines are detected for 13 of the stars, mostly from highly-ionized spectra such as Ar V, Ne V and Mg V. Further, [Mg VI] and [Mg VII] lines are observed in a symbiotic star (AG Dra) for the first time. Five of the symbiotic stars have broad white-dwarf wind profiles (FWHM > 400 km s(-1)) for a few lines in their spectra. The stars with no such broad lines can be divided into two similarly sized groups, one where all lines have FWHM less than 70 km s(-1) and the other where one, a few or all of the broad (FWHM > 400 km s(-1)) lines of AG Peg have an enhanced broad wing (110-140 km s(-1)). (Less)
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
stars : binaries : symbiotic, atomic processes, line : formation, ultraviolet : stars
in
Astronomy & Astrophysics
volume
451
issue
1
pages
89 - 157
publisher
EDP Sciences
external identifiers
  • wos:000237097200016
  • scopus:33646524997
ISSN
0004-6361
DOI
10.1051/0004-6361:20053396
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
f0817813-8aab-4ac1-99af-7c0aa34e44c8 (old id 410566)
date added to LUP
2016-04-01 15:59:24
date last changed
2021-08-11 01:46:17
@article{f0817813-8aab-4ac1-99af-7c0aa34e44c8,
  abstract     = {A detailed study of ultraviolet spectra of the symbiotic star AG Peg has been undertaken to derive the atomic excitation mechanisms and origin of formation for the lines common in symbiotic systems. More than 600 emission lines are observed in spectra from IUE, HST and FUSE of which 585 are identified. Population mechanisms and origin of formation are given for a majority of those lines. Based on the understanding of the AG Peg spectra IUE data of 19 additional symbiotic stars are investigated and differences and similarities of their spectra are discussed. Fe II fluorescence lines pumped by strong emission lines between 1000 and 2000 angstrom are observed in 13 of these systems. Some of the symbiotic systems belonging to the subclass symbiotic novae have more than 100 Fe II fluorescence lines in the ultraviolet wavelength region. Forbidden lines are detected for 13 of the stars, mostly from highly-ionized spectra such as Ar V, Ne V and Mg V. Further, [Mg VI] and [Mg VII] lines are observed in a symbiotic star (AG Dra) for the first time. Five of the symbiotic stars have broad white-dwarf wind profiles (FWHM > 400 km s(-1)) for a few lines in their spectra. The stars with no such broad lines can be divided into two similarly sized groups, one where all lines have FWHM less than 70 km s(-1) and the other where one, a few or all of the broad (FWHM > 400 km s(-1)) lines of AG Peg have an enhanced broad wing (110-140 km s(-1)).},
  author       = {Eriksson, Mattias and Johansson, Sveneric and Wahlgren, Glenn},
  issn         = {0004-6361},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {89--157},
  publisher    = {EDP Sciences},
  series       = {Astronomy & Astrophysics},
  title        = {The nature of ultraviolet spectra of AG Pegasi and other symbiotic stars: locations, origins, and excitation mechanisms of emission lines},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20053396},
  doi          = {10.1051/0004-6361:20053396},
  volume       = {451},
  year         = {2006},
}