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Tourism, Ecosystem Functions, and Human-Environmental Relations

Gössling, Stefan LU (2001) In Lund Dissertations in Human Ecology
Abstract
The thesis aims at deconstructing the sustainable tourism paradigm: can tourism be "a global strategy for sustainable development", as the tourist industry claims? And will developing countries in particular profit from tourism development?To most international organizations and institutions (from the World Wide Fund for Nature to The World Bank), tourism, if carefully managed, is a positive, sustainable development tool. However, the research presented in this thesis exposes this view as unrealistically optimistic for at least three reasons: first of all, global environmental change caused by tourism has never been investigated and integrated with the discourse on sustainable tourism development. Data is thus presented for emissions... (More)
The thesis aims at deconstructing the sustainable tourism paradigm: can tourism be "a global strategy for sustainable development", as the tourist industry claims? And will developing countries in particular profit from tourism development?To most international organizations and institutions (from the World Wide Fund for Nature to The World Bank), tourism, if carefully managed, is a positive, sustainable development tool. However, the research presented in this thesis exposes this view as unrealistically optimistic for at least three reasons: first of all, global environmental change caused by tourism has never been investigated and integrated with the discourse on sustainable tourism development. Data is thus presented for emissions caused by air-traffic, showing that tourism is an important factor in global climate change. Second, evidence from fieldwork in Zanzibar, Tanzania suggests that human-environmental relations change as a result of tourism, encouraging unsustainable human behaviour and ultimately leading to a self-reinforcing cycle of tourism expansion. Third, results from fieldwork also suggest that development processes initiated by tourism seem to be complex beyond the understanding of tourism advocates: tourism is understood as beneficial because mainly short-term economic effects are considered in analyses. Overall, the results suggest that sustainable tourism may be a contradiction in terms. (Less)
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author
opponent
  • Dr. Frändberg, Lotta, Dept. of Human Ecology, Göteborg University
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Social geography, Ekologi, Ecology, Zanzibar., world system theory, sustainable tourism, sustainable development, rainforests, human-environmental relations, groundwater, environmental consciousness, ecotourism, ecosystem functions, economic transition, cost-benefit analysis, coastal zone management, coastal communities, climate change, Air-traffic, biodiversity, Socialgeografi, Environmental technology, pollution control, Miljöteknik, kontroll av utsläpp
in
Lund Dissertations in Human Ecology
pages
192 pages
publisher
Stefan Gössling, Human Ecology Division, Finngatan 16, S-22362 Lund,
defense location
Carolinasalen at Kungshuset
defense date
2001-02-07 10:00
ISSN
1650-206X
ISBN
91-628-4572-1
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ad06904e-6290-41bd-a5c7-b06d3d1856d4 (old id 41203)
date added to LUP
2007-08-01 14:46:20
date last changed
2018-05-29 11:24:02
@phdthesis{ad06904e-6290-41bd-a5c7-b06d3d1856d4,
  abstract     = {The thesis aims at deconstructing the sustainable tourism paradigm: can tourism be "a global strategy for sustainable development", as the tourist industry claims? And will developing countries in particular profit from tourism development?To most international organizations and institutions (from the World Wide Fund for Nature to The World Bank), tourism, if carefully managed, is a positive, sustainable development tool. However, the research presented in this thesis exposes this view as unrealistically optimistic for at least three reasons: first of all, global environmental change caused by tourism has never been investigated and integrated with the discourse on sustainable tourism development. Data is thus presented for emissions caused by air-traffic, showing that tourism is an important factor in global climate change. Second, evidence from fieldwork in Zanzibar, Tanzania suggests that human-environmental relations change as a result of tourism, encouraging unsustainable human behaviour and ultimately leading to a self-reinforcing cycle of tourism expansion. Third, results from fieldwork also suggest that development processes initiated by tourism seem to be complex beyond the understanding of tourism advocates: tourism is understood as beneficial because mainly short-term economic effects are considered in analyses. Overall, the results suggest that sustainable tourism may be a contradiction in terms.},
  author       = {Gössling, Stefan},
  isbn         = {91-628-4572-1},
  issn         = {1650-206X},
  keyword      = {Social geography,Ekologi,Ecology,Zanzibar.,world system theory,sustainable tourism,sustainable development,rainforests,human-environmental relations,groundwater,environmental consciousness,ecotourism,ecosystem functions,economic transition,cost-benefit analysis,coastal zone management,coastal communities,climate change,Air-traffic,biodiversity,Socialgeografi,Environmental technology,pollution control,Miljöteknik,kontroll av utsläpp},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {192},
  publisher    = {Stefan Gössling, Human Ecology Division, Finngatan 16, S-22362 Lund,},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Lund Dissertations in Human Ecology},
  title        = {Tourism, Ecosystem Functions, and Human-Environmental Relations},
  year         = {2001},
}