Advanced

The Visual Perception of Material Properties Affects Motor Planning in Prehension : An Analysis of Temporal and Spatial Components of Lifting Cups

Ingvarsdóttir, Kristín Ósk LU and Balkenius, Christian LU (2020) In Frontiers in Psychology 11.
Abstract

The current study examined the role of visually perceived material properties in motor planning, where we analyzed the temporal and spatial components of motor movements during a seated reaching task. We recorded hand movements of 14 participants in three dimensions while they lifted and transported paper cups that differed in weight and glossiness. Kinematic- and spatial analysis revealed speed-accuracy trade-offs to depend on visual material properties of the objects, in which participants reached slower and grabbed closer to the center of mass for stimuli that required to be handled with greater precision. We found grasp-preparation during the first encounters with the cups was not only governed by the anticipated weight of the cups,... (More)

The current study examined the role of visually perceived material properties in motor planning, where we analyzed the temporal and spatial components of motor movements during a seated reaching task. We recorded hand movements of 14 participants in three dimensions while they lifted and transported paper cups that differed in weight and glossiness. Kinematic- and spatial analysis revealed speed-accuracy trade-offs to depend on visual material properties of the objects, in which participants reached slower and grabbed closer to the center of mass for stimuli that required to be handled with greater precision. We found grasp-preparation during the first encounters with the cups was not only governed by the anticipated weight of the cups, but also by their visual material properties, namely glossiness. After a series of object lifting, the execution of reaching, the grip position, and the transportation of the cups from one location to another were preeminently guided by the object weight. We also found the planning phase in reaching to be guided by the expectation of hardness and surface gloss. The findings promote the role of general knowledge of material properties in reach-to-grasp movements, in which visual material properties are incorporated in the spatio-temporal components.

(Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
center of mass, expectations, material properties, motion capture, motor planning
in
Frontiers in Psychology
volume
11
article number
215
publisher
Frontiers
external identifiers
  • pmid:32132955
  • scopus:85080854905
ISSN
1664-1078
DOI
10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00215
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
412be08e-7c66-406e-8c50-0e7f9342e86c
date added to LUP
2020-03-18 15:41:00
date last changed
2020-03-24 07:11:38
@article{412be08e-7c66-406e-8c50-0e7f9342e86c,
  abstract     = {<p>The current study examined the role of visually perceived material properties in motor planning, where we analyzed the temporal and spatial components of motor movements during a seated reaching task. We recorded hand movements of 14 participants in three dimensions while they lifted and transported paper cups that differed in weight and glossiness. Kinematic- and spatial analysis revealed speed-accuracy trade-offs to depend on visual material properties of the objects, in which participants reached slower and grabbed closer to the center of mass for stimuli that required to be handled with greater precision. We found grasp-preparation during the first encounters with the cups was not only governed by the anticipated weight of the cups, but also by their visual material properties, namely glossiness. After a series of object lifting, the execution of reaching, the grip position, and the transportation of the cups from one location to another were preeminently guided by the object weight. We also found the planning phase in reaching to be guided by the expectation of hardness and surface gloss. The findings promote the role of general knowledge of material properties in reach-to-grasp movements, in which visual material properties are incorporated in the spatio-temporal components.</p>},
  author       = {Ingvarsdóttir, Kristín Ósk and Balkenius, Christian},
  issn         = {1664-1078},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {02},
  publisher    = {Frontiers},
  series       = {Frontiers in Psychology},
  title        = {The Visual Perception of Material Properties Affects Motor Planning in Prehension : An Analysis of Temporal and Spatial Components of Lifting Cups},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00215},
  doi          = {10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00215},
  volume       = {11},
  year         = {2020},
}