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Swedish regional GDP 1855-2000 Estimations and general trends in the Swedish regional system

Enflo, Kerstin LU ; Henning, Martin LU and Schön, Lennart (2014) In Research in Economic History 30. p.47-89
Abstract
This paper uses a method devised by Geary and Stark to estimate regional GDPs for 24 Swedish provinces 1855-2007. In empirical tests, we find that the Swedish estimations yield results of good precision, comparable to those reported in the international literature. From the literature, we generate six expectations concerning the development of regional GDPs in Sweden. Using the GDP estimations, we test these expectations empirically. We find that the historical regional GDPs show a high correlation over time, but that the early industrialization process co-evolved with a dramatic redistribution of productive capacity. We show that the regional inequalities in GDP per capita were at their lowest point in modern history in the early 1980s.... (More)
This paper uses a method devised by Geary and Stark to estimate regional GDPs for 24 Swedish provinces 1855-2007. In empirical tests, we find that the Swedish estimations yield results of good precision, comparable to those reported in the international literature. From the literature, we generate six expectations concerning the development of regional GDPs in Sweden. Using the GDP estimations, we test these expectations empirically. We find that the historical regional GDPs show a high correlation over time, but that the early industrialization process co-evolved with a dramatic redistribution of productive capacity. We show that the regional inequalities in GDP per capita were at their lowest point in modern history in the early 1980s. However, while efficiency in the regional system has never been as equal, absolute regional differences in scale of production has increased dramatically over our investigated period. This process has especially benefited the metropolitan provinces. We present detailed sources of our estimations and also sketch a research agenda from our results. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
regional GDPs, convergence, Geary-Stark method
in
Research in Economic History
volume
30
pages
47 - 89
ISSN
0363-3268
DOI
10.1108/S0363-3268(2014)30
project
Swedish Regional Economic Growth in a European Perspective
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
29101808-1377-4a2c-aaec-d56718ba7e4c (old id 4173872)
date added to LUP
2013-11-22 08:55:26
date last changed
2016-10-31 15:38:00
@inbook{29101808-1377-4a2c-aaec-d56718ba7e4c,
  abstract     = {This paper uses a method devised by Geary and Stark to estimate regional GDPs for 24 Swedish provinces 1855-2007. In empirical tests, we find that the Swedish estimations yield results of good precision, comparable to those reported in the international literature. From the literature, we generate six expectations concerning the development of regional GDPs in Sweden. Using the GDP estimations, we test these expectations empirically. We find that the historical regional GDPs show a high correlation over time, but that the early industrialization process co-evolved with a dramatic redistribution of productive capacity. We show that the regional inequalities in GDP per capita were at their lowest point in modern history in the early 1980s. However, while efficiency in the regional system has never been as equal, absolute regional differences in scale of production has increased dramatically over our investigated period. This process has especially benefited the metropolitan provinces. We present detailed sources of our estimations and also sketch a research agenda from our results.},
  author       = {Enflo, Kerstin and Henning, Martin and Schön, Lennart},
  issn         = {0363-3268},
  keyword      = {regional GDPs,convergence,Geary-Stark method},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {47--89},
  series       = {Research in Economic History},
  title        = {Swedish regional GDP 1855-2000 Estimations and general trends in the Swedish regional system},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/S0363-3268(2014)30},
  volume       = {30},
  year         = {2014},
}