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Abnormal P-selectin localization during megakaryocyte development determines thrombosis in the gata1low model of myelofibrosis.

Zetterberg, Eva LU ; Verrucci, Maria; Martelli, Fabrizio; Zingariello, Maria; Sancillo, Laura; D'Amore, Emanuela; Rana, Rosa Alba and Migliaccio, Anna Rita (2014) In Platelets 25(7). p.539-547
Abstract
Abstract Patients with primary myelofibrosis have increased risk for bleeding and thrombosis. It is debated whether propensity to thrombosis is due to increased numbers of platelet microparticles and/or to pathological platelet-neutrophil interactions. Platelet neutrophil interactions are mediated by P-selectin and even though the megakaryocytes of myelofibrosis patients express normal levels of P-selectin, it remains abnormally localized to the demarcation membrane system rather than being assembled into the α-granules in platelets. Mice carrying the hypomorphic Gata1(low) mutation express the same megakaryocyte abnormalities presented by primary myelofibrosis patients, including abnormal P-selectin localization to the DMS and develop... (More)
Abstract Patients with primary myelofibrosis have increased risk for bleeding and thrombosis. It is debated whether propensity to thrombosis is due to increased numbers of platelet microparticles and/or to pathological platelet-neutrophil interactions. Platelet neutrophil interactions are mediated by P-selectin and even though the megakaryocytes of myelofibrosis patients express normal levels of P-selectin, it remains abnormally localized to the demarcation membrane system rather than being assembled into the α-granules in platelets. Mice carrying the hypomorphic Gata1(low) mutation express the same megakaryocyte abnormalities presented by primary myelofibrosis patients, including abnormal P-selectin localization to the DMS and develop with age myelofibrosis, a disease that closely resembles human primary myelofibrosis. Whether these mice would also develop thrombosis has not been investigated as yet. The aim of this study was to determine whether Gata1(low) mice would develop thrombosis with age and, in this case, the role played by P-selectin in the development of the trait. To this aim, Gata1(low) mice were crossed with P-sel(null) mice according to standard genetic protocols and Gata1(low)P-sel(wt), Gata1(low)P-sel(null) and Gata1(WT)P-sel(null) or Gata1(wt)P-sel(wt) (as controls) littermates obtained. It was shown that platelet counts, but not hematocrit, are reduced in Gata1(low) mice. Moreover, platelet microparticles are reduced in Gata1(low) mice and P-selectin positive platelet microparticles were not found. To determine the phenotypic implications of the different mutations, bleeding time was estimated by a tail cut procedure. Mutant mice were sacrificed and presence of thrombosis was determined by immunohistological staining of organs. Gata1(low) mice with or without the P-selectin null trait had a prolonged bleeding time compared to wild type mice. However, in Gata1(low) mice significantly higher frequency of thrombotic events was seen in adult and old Gata1(low) mice compared to Gata1(low)P-sel(null) mice. Thus, presence of the P-selectin null trait rescued Gata1(low) mice from the thrombotic phenotype, but did not change the level of platelet microparticles. Taken together these data indicate that abnormal localization of P-selectin, induced by the Gata1(low) mutation, and thus, increased pathological interactions with leucocytes, is responsible for the increased presence of thrombosis seen in these mice. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Platelets
volume
25
issue
7
pages
539 - 547
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • pmid:24176039
  • wos:000344226500010
  • scopus:84912025168
ISSN
1369-1635
DOI
10.3109/09537104.2013.840720
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
98d7ae2e-41f7-4113-9f53-4d6b46856245 (old id 4179936)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24176039?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2013-12-04 20:00:37
date last changed
2017-04-23 03:15:51
@article{98d7ae2e-41f7-4113-9f53-4d6b46856245,
  abstract     = {Abstract Patients with primary myelofibrosis have increased risk for bleeding and thrombosis. It is debated whether propensity to thrombosis is due to increased numbers of platelet microparticles and/or to pathological platelet-neutrophil interactions. Platelet neutrophil interactions are mediated by P-selectin and even though the megakaryocytes of myelofibrosis patients express normal levels of P-selectin, it remains abnormally localized to the demarcation membrane system rather than being assembled into the α-granules in platelets. Mice carrying the hypomorphic Gata1(low) mutation express the same megakaryocyte abnormalities presented by primary myelofibrosis patients, including abnormal P-selectin localization to the DMS and develop with age myelofibrosis, a disease that closely resembles human primary myelofibrosis. Whether these mice would also develop thrombosis has not been investigated as yet. The aim of this study was to determine whether Gata1(low) mice would develop thrombosis with age and, in this case, the role played by P-selectin in the development of the trait. To this aim, Gata1(low) mice were crossed with P-sel(null) mice according to standard genetic protocols and Gata1(low)P-sel(wt), Gata1(low)P-sel(null) and Gata1(WT)P-sel(null) or Gata1(wt)P-sel(wt) (as controls) littermates obtained. It was shown that platelet counts, but not hematocrit, are reduced in Gata1(low) mice. Moreover, platelet microparticles are reduced in Gata1(low) mice and P-selectin positive platelet microparticles were not found. To determine the phenotypic implications of the different mutations, bleeding time was estimated by a tail cut procedure. Mutant mice were sacrificed and presence of thrombosis was determined by immunohistological staining of organs. Gata1(low) mice with or without the P-selectin null trait had a prolonged bleeding time compared to wild type mice. However, in Gata1(low) mice significantly higher frequency of thrombotic events was seen in adult and old Gata1(low) mice compared to Gata1(low)P-sel(null) mice. Thus, presence of the P-selectin null trait rescued Gata1(low) mice from the thrombotic phenotype, but did not change the level of platelet microparticles. Taken together these data indicate that abnormal localization of P-selectin, induced by the Gata1(low) mutation, and thus, increased pathological interactions with leucocytes, is responsible for the increased presence of thrombosis seen in these mice.},
  author       = {Zetterberg, Eva and Verrucci, Maria and Martelli, Fabrizio and Zingariello, Maria and Sancillo, Laura and D'Amore, Emanuela and Rana, Rosa Alba and Migliaccio, Anna Rita},
  issn         = {1369-1635},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {539--547},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Platelets},
  title        = {Abnormal P-selectin localization during megakaryocyte development determines thrombosis in the gata1low model of myelofibrosis.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/09537104.2013.840720},
  volume       = {25},
  year         = {2014},
}