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Colonization of β-hemolytic streptococci in patients with erysipelas—a prospective study

Trell, Kristina LU ; Rignér, Sofia; Wierzbicka, Marcelina; Nilson, Bo LU and Rasmussen, Magnus LU (2019) In European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
Abstract

Erysipelas is a common skin infection causing significant morbidity. At present there are no established procedures for bacteriological sampling. Here we investigate the possibility of using cultures for diagnostic purposes by determining the perianal colonization with beta-hemolytic streptococci (BHS) in patients with erysipelas. Patients with erysipelas and a control group of patients with fever without signs of skin infection were prospectively included and cultures for BHS were taken from the tonsils, the perianal area, and wounds. BHS were grouped according to Lancefield antigen, species-determined, and emm-typed. Renewed cultures were taken after four weeks from patients with erysipelas and a positive culture for BHS. 25 patients... (More)

Erysipelas is a common skin infection causing significant morbidity. At present there are no established procedures for bacteriological sampling. Here we investigate the possibility of using cultures for diagnostic purposes by determining the perianal colonization with beta-hemolytic streptococci (BHS) in patients with erysipelas. Patients with erysipelas and a control group of patients with fever without signs of skin infection were prospectively included and cultures for BHS were taken from the tonsils, the perianal area, and wounds. BHS were grouped according to Lancefield antigen, species-determined, and emm-typed. Renewed cultures were taken after four weeks from patients with erysipelas and a positive culture for BHS. 25 patients with erysipelas and 25 with fever were included. In the group with erysipelas, 11 patients (44%) were colonized with BHS, ten patients were colonized in the perianal area, and one patient in the throat. In contrast, only one patient in the control group was colonized (p = 0.005 for difference). All of the patients with erysipelas colonized with BHS had an erythema located to the lower limb. The BHS were then subjected to MALDI-TOF MS and most commonly found to be Streptococcus dysgalactiae. Renewed cultures were taken from nine of the 11 patients with BHS and three of these were still colonized. Streptococcus dysgalactiae colonizes the perianal area in a substantial proportion of patients with erysipelas. The possibility of using cultures from this area as a diagnostic method in patients with erysipelas seems promising.

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organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
Beta-hemolytic streptococci, Diagnosis, Erysipelas, Streptococcus dysgalactiae, Streptococcus pyogenes
in
European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:85068847003
ISSN
0934-9723
DOI
10.1007/s10096-019-03625-9
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
42ead4c0-a6ef-4ea4-a3eb-c310e452d241
date added to LUP
2019-07-24 09:45:22
date last changed
2019-08-14 04:42:36
@article{42ead4c0-a6ef-4ea4-a3eb-c310e452d241,
  abstract     = {<p>Erysipelas is a common skin infection causing significant morbidity. At present there are no established procedures for bacteriological sampling. Here we investigate the possibility of using cultures for diagnostic purposes by determining the perianal colonization with beta-hemolytic streptococci (BHS) in patients with erysipelas. Patients with erysipelas and a control group of patients with fever without signs of skin infection were prospectively included and cultures for BHS were taken from the tonsils, the perianal area, and wounds. BHS were grouped according to Lancefield antigen, species-determined, and emm-typed. Renewed cultures were taken after four weeks from patients with erysipelas and a positive culture for BHS. 25 patients with erysipelas and 25 with fever were included. In the group with erysipelas, 11 patients (44%) were colonized with BHS, ten patients were colonized in the perianal area, and one patient in the throat. In contrast, only one patient in the control group was colonized (p = 0.005 for difference). All of the patients with erysipelas colonized with BHS had an erythema located to the lower limb. The BHS were then subjected to MALDI-TOF MS and most commonly found to be Streptococcus dysgalactiae. Renewed cultures were taken from nine of the 11 patients with BHS and three of these were still colonized. Streptococcus dysgalactiae colonizes the perianal area in a substantial proportion of patients with erysipelas. The possibility of using cultures from this area as a diagnostic method in patients with erysipelas seems promising.</p>},
  author       = {Trell, Kristina and Rignér, Sofia and Wierzbicka, Marcelina and Nilson, Bo and Rasmussen, Magnus},
  issn         = {0934-9723},
  keyword      = {Beta-hemolytic streptococci,Diagnosis,Erysipelas,Streptococcus dysgalactiae,Streptococcus pyogenes},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {07},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases},
  title        = {Colonization of β-hemolytic streptococci in patients with erysipelas—a prospective study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10096-019-03625-9},
  year         = {2019},
}