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The affective profiles, psychological well-being, and harmony: environmental mastery and self-acceptance predict the sense of a harmonious life

Garcia, Danilo; Nima, Ali Al and Kjell, Oscar LU (2014) In PeerJ 2.
Abstract
Background. An important outcome from the debate on whether wellness equals happiness, is the need of research focusing on how psychological well-being might influence humans' ability to adapt to the changing environment and live in harmony. To get a detailed picture of the influence of positive and negative affect, the current study employed the affective profiles model in which individuals are categorised into groups based on either high positive and low negative affect (self-fulfilling); high positive and high negative affect (high affective); low positive and low negative affect (low affective); and high negative and low positive affect (self-destructive). The aims were to (1) investigate differences between affective profiles in... (More)
Background. An important outcome from the debate on whether wellness equals happiness, is the need of research focusing on how psychological well-being might influence humans' ability to adapt to the changing environment and live in harmony. To get a detailed picture of the influence of positive and negative affect, the current study employed the affective profiles model in which individuals are categorised into groups based on either high positive and low negative affect (self-fulfilling); high positive and high negative affect (high affective); low positive and low negative affect (low affective); and high negative and low positive affect (self-destructive). The aims were to (1) investigate differences between affective profiles in psychological wellbeing and harmony and (2) how psychological well-being and its dimensions relate to harmony within the four affective profiles.



Method. 500 participants (mean age D 34.14 years, SD. D 12.75 years; 187 males and 313 females) were recruited online and required to answer three self-report measures: The Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule; The Scales of Psychological Well-Being (short version) and The Harmony in Life Scale. We conducted a Multivariate Analysis of Variance where the affective profiles and gender were the independent factors and psychological well-being composite score, its six dimensions as well as the harmony in life score were the dependent factors. In addition, we conducted four multi-group (i.e., the four affective profiles) moderation analyses with the psychological well-being dimensions as predictors and harmony in life as the dependent variables.



Results. Individuals categorised as self-fulfilling, as compared to the other profiles,

tended to score higher on the psychological well-being dimensions: positive relations, environmental mastery, self-acceptance, autonomy, personal growth, and purpose in life. In addition, 47% to 66% of the variance of the harmony in life was explained by the dimensions of psychological well-being within the four affective profiles. Specifically, harmony in life was significantly predicted by environmental

mastery and self-acceptance across all affective profiles. However, for the low affective group high purpose in life predicted low levels of harmony in life.



Conclusions. The results demonstrated that affective profiles systematically relate to psychological well-being and harmony in life. Notably, individuals categorised as self-fulfilling tended to report higher levels of both psychological well-being and harmony in life when compared with the other profiles. Meanwhile individuals in the self-destructive group reported the lowest levels of psychological well-being and harmony when compared with the three other profiles. It is proposed that selfacceptance and environmental acceptance might enable individuals to go from selfdestructive to a self-fulfilling state that also involves harmony in life. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
well-being, harmony, psychological well-being
in
PeerJ
volume
2
publisher
PeerJ
external identifiers
  • pmid:24688843
  • wos:000347558100003
  • scopus:84895763843
ISSN
2167-8359
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
dc06b2d8-1145-4c8a-9581-69590a09faa7 (old id 4316467)
date added to LUP
2014-02-14 11:50:27
date last changed
2017-09-24 03:56:12
@article{dc06b2d8-1145-4c8a-9581-69590a09faa7,
  abstract     = {Background. An important outcome from the debate on whether wellness equals happiness, is the need of research focusing on how psychological well-being might influence humans' ability to adapt to the changing environment and live in harmony. To get a detailed picture of the influence of positive and negative affect, the current study employed the affective profiles model in which individuals are categorised into groups based on either high positive and low negative affect (self-fulfilling); high positive and high negative affect (high affective); low positive and low negative affect (low affective); and high negative and low positive affect (self-destructive). The aims were to (1) investigate differences between affective profiles in psychological wellbeing and harmony and (2) how psychological well-being and its dimensions relate to harmony within the four affective profiles. <br/><br>
<br/><br>
Method. 500 participants (mean age D 34.14 years, SD. D 12.75 years; 187 males and 313 females) were recruited online and required to answer three self-report measures: The Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule; The Scales of Psychological Well-Being (short version) and The Harmony in Life Scale. We conducted a Multivariate Analysis of Variance where the affective profiles and gender were the independent factors and psychological well-being composite score, its six dimensions as well as the harmony in life score were the dependent factors. In addition, we conducted four multi-group (i.e., the four affective profiles) moderation analyses with the psychological well-being dimensions as predictors and harmony in life as the dependent variables.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Results. Individuals categorised as self-fulfilling, as compared to the other profiles,<br/><br>
tended to score higher on the psychological well-being dimensions: positive relations, environmental mastery, self-acceptance, autonomy, personal growth, and purpose in life. In addition, 47% to 66% of the variance of the harmony in life was explained by the dimensions of psychological well-being within the four affective profiles. Specifically, harmony in life was significantly predicted by environmental<br/><br>
mastery and self-acceptance across all affective profiles. However, for the low affective group high purpose in life predicted low levels of harmony in life.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Conclusions. The results demonstrated that affective profiles systematically relate to psychological well-being and harmony in life. Notably, individuals categorised as self-fulfilling tended to report higher levels of both psychological well-being and harmony in life when compared with the other profiles. Meanwhile individuals in the self-destructive group reported the lowest levels of psychological well-being and harmony when compared with the three other profiles. It is proposed that selfacceptance and environmental acceptance might enable individuals to go from selfdestructive to a self-fulfilling state that also involves harmony in life.},
  articleno    = {e259},
  author       = {Garcia, Danilo and Nima, Ali Al and Kjell, Oscar},
  issn         = {2167-8359},
  keyword      = {well-being,harmony,psychological well-being},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {PeerJ},
  series       = {PeerJ},
  title        = {The affective profiles, psychological well-being, and harmony: environmental mastery and self-acceptance predict the sense of a harmonious life},
  volume       = {2},
  year         = {2014},
}