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Bereavement stressors and psychosocial well-being of young adults following the loss of a parent – A cross-sectional survey

Lundberg, Tina; Forinder, Ulla; Olsson, Mariann; Fürst, Carl Johan LU ; Årestedt, Kristofer and Alvariza, Anette (2018) In European Journal of Oncology Nursing 35. p.33-38
Abstract

Purpose: The knowledge about young adults who have lost a parent to cancer is limited, and to reach a broader understanding about this group, this study used the Dual Process Model of Coping with Bereavement (Stroebe and Schut, 1999) as a theoretical framework. The purpose of this study was to describe loss- and restoration-oriented bereavement stressors and psychosocial wellbeing of young adults following the loss of a parent to cancer. Method: This survey used baseline data from a longitudinal study. Young adults, aged 16–28 years, who lost a parent to cancer more than two months earlier and agreed to participate in support groups held at three palliative care services in Sweden, responded to a comprehensive theory-based... (More)

Purpose: The knowledge about young adults who have lost a parent to cancer is limited, and to reach a broader understanding about this group, this study used the Dual Process Model of Coping with Bereavement (Stroebe and Schut, 1999) as a theoretical framework. The purpose of this study was to describe loss- and restoration-oriented bereavement stressors and psychosocial wellbeing of young adults following the loss of a parent to cancer. Method: This survey used baseline data from a longitudinal study. Young adults, aged 16–28 years, who lost a parent to cancer more than two months earlier and agreed to participate in support groups held at three palliative care services in Sweden, responded to a comprehensive theory-based study-specific questionnaire. Results: Altogether, 77 young adults (64 women and 13 men) answered the questionnaire an average of five-to-eight months after the loss. Twenty percent (n = 15) had not been aware of their parent's impending death at all or only knew a few hours before the death, and 65% (n = 50) did not expect the death when it occurred. The young adults reported low self-esteem (n = 58, 76%), mild to severe anxiety (n = 55, 74%), mild to severe depression (n = 23, 31%) and low life satisfaction. Conclusion: Young adults reported overall poor psychosocial wellbeing following bereavement. The unexpectedness and unawareness of the parent's imminent death, i.e., loss-oriented bereavement stressors, might influence psychosocial wellbeing. Despite these reports, restoration-oriented stressors, such as support from family and friends, helped them to cope with the loss.

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author
organization
publishing date
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Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Bereavement, Cancer, Palliative care, Parental death, Psychosocial, Young adult
in
European Journal of Oncology Nursing
volume
35
pages
6 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85047055134
ISSN
1462-3889
DOI
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
43250bf6-d6e5-453d-8aec-7c58c2a99e0d
date added to LUP
2018-05-29 13:32:30
date last changed
2018-05-29 13:32:30
@article{43250bf6-d6e5-453d-8aec-7c58c2a99e0d,
  abstract     = {<p>Purpose: The knowledge about young adults who have lost a parent to cancer is limited, and to reach a broader understanding about this group, this study used the Dual Process Model of Coping with Bereavement (Stroebe and Schut, 1999) as a theoretical framework. The purpose of this study was to describe loss- and restoration-oriented bereavement stressors and psychosocial wellbeing of young adults following the loss of a parent to cancer. Method: This survey used baseline data from a longitudinal study. Young adults, aged 16–28 years, who lost a parent to cancer more than two months earlier and agreed to participate in support groups held at three palliative care services in Sweden, responded to a comprehensive theory-based study-specific questionnaire. Results: Altogether, 77 young adults (64 women and 13 men) answered the questionnaire an average of five-to-eight months after the loss. Twenty percent (n = 15) had not been aware of their parent's impending death at all or only knew a few hours before the death, and 65% (n = 50) did not expect the death when it occurred. The young adults reported low self-esteem (n = 58, 76%), mild to severe anxiety (n = 55, 74%), mild to severe depression (n = 23, 31%) and low life satisfaction. Conclusion: Young adults reported overall poor psychosocial wellbeing following bereavement. The unexpectedness and unawareness of the parent's imminent death, i.e., loss-oriented bereavement stressors, might influence psychosocial wellbeing. Despite these reports, restoration-oriented stressors, such as support from family and friends, helped them to cope with the loss.</p>},
  author       = {Lundberg, Tina and Forinder, Ulla and Olsson, Mariann and Fürst, Carl Johan and Årestedt, Kristofer and Alvariza, Anette},
  issn         = {1462-3889},
  keyword      = {Bereavement,Cancer,Palliative care,Parental death,Psychosocial,Young adult},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {08},
  pages        = {33--38},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {European Journal of Oncology Nursing},
  title        = {Bereavement stressors and psychosocial well-being of young adults following the loss of a parent – A cross-sectional survey},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/},
  volume       = {35},
  year         = {2018},
}