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Brain Routes for Reading in Adults with and without Autism: EMEG Evidence

Moseley, Rachel L.; Pulvermueller, Friedemann; Mohr, Bettina; Lombardo, Michael V.; Baron-Cohen, Simon and Shtyrov, Yury LU (2014) In Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 44(1). p.137-153
Abstract
Reading utilises at least two neural pathways. The temporal lexical route visually maps whole words to their lexical entries, whilst the nonlexical route decodes words phonologically via parietal cortex. Readers typically employ the lexical route for familiar words, but poor comprehension plus precocity at mechanically 'sounding out' words suggests that differences might exist in autism. Combined MEG/EEG recordings of adults with autistic spectrum conditions (ASC) and controls while reading revealed preferential recruitment of temporal areas in controls and additional parietal recruitment in ASC. Furthermore, a lack of differences between semantic word categories was consistent with previous suggestion that people with ASC may lack a... (More)
Reading utilises at least two neural pathways. The temporal lexical route visually maps whole words to their lexical entries, whilst the nonlexical route decodes words phonologically via parietal cortex. Readers typically employ the lexical route for familiar words, but poor comprehension plus precocity at mechanically 'sounding out' words suggests that differences might exist in autism. Combined MEG/EEG recordings of adults with autistic spectrum conditions (ASC) and controls while reading revealed preferential recruitment of temporal areas in controls and additional parietal recruitment in ASC. Furthermore, a lack of differences between semantic word categories was consistent with previous suggestion that people with ASC may lack a 'default' lexical-semantic processing mode. These results are discussed with reference to dual-route models of reading. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Reading, Dual-route model, Hyperlexia, Semantics, EEG, MEG
in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
volume
44
issue
1
pages
137 - 153
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • wos:000329233000012
  • scopus:84891871021
ISSN
0162-3257
DOI
10.1007/s10803-013-1858-z
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0182acfc-16c4-496c-8ff6-0602591905b8 (old id 4327041)
date added to LUP
2014-02-25 08:47:40
date last changed
2017-01-01 05:58:25
@article{0182acfc-16c4-496c-8ff6-0602591905b8,
  abstract     = {Reading utilises at least two neural pathways. The temporal lexical route visually maps whole words to their lexical entries, whilst the nonlexical route decodes words phonologically via parietal cortex. Readers typically employ the lexical route for familiar words, but poor comprehension plus precocity at mechanically 'sounding out' words suggests that differences might exist in autism. Combined MEG/EEG recordings of adults with autistic spectrum conditions (ASC) and controls while reading revealed preferential recruitment of temporal areas in controls and additional parietal recruitment in ASC. Furthermore, a lack of differences between semantic word categories was consistent with previous suggestion that people with ASC may lack a 'default' lexical-semantic processing mode. These results are discussed with reference to dual-route models of reading.},
  author       = {Moseley, Rachel L. and Pulvermueller, Friedemann and Mohr, Bettina and Lombardo, Michael V. and Baron-Cohen, Simon and Shtyrov, Yury},
  issn         = {0162-3257},
  keyword      = {Reading,Dual-route model,Hyperlexia,Semantics,EEG,MEG},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {137--153},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders},
  title        = {Brain Routes for Reading in Adults with and without Autism: EMEG Evidence},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10803-013-1858-z},
  volume       = {44},
  year         = {2014},
}