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Sea-level changes across the Paleocene-Eocene interval in the Spanish Pyrenees, and their possible relationship with North Atlantic magmatism

Pujalte, Victoriano; Schmitz, Birger LU and Ignacio Baceta, Juan (2014) In Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 393. p.45-60
Abstract
The issue of whether major and rapid global sea-level changes existed on a preglacial Earth can be resolved by the detailed study of the Paleocene-Eocene (P-E) interval, where a large and rapid carbon isotope excursion linked to an important global warming event, the Paleocene Eocene Thermal Maximum, allows for high-resolution correlation between terrestrial, coastal and marine settings. Based primarily on outcrop and borehole information from the Tremp-Graus Basin in the southern Spanish Pyrenees, it is shown that a sea-level fall of at least 20 m occurred less than 75 kyr prior to the PETM. This forced a seaward displacement of the shoreline of ca. 20 km, a widespread incision of valleys in the alluvial plains and the subaerial exposure... (More)
The issue of whether major and rapid global sea-level changes existed on a preglacial Earth can be resolved by the detailed study of the Paleocene-Eocene (P-E) interval, where a large and rapid carbon isotope excursion linked to an important global warming event, the Paleocene Eocene Thermal Maximum, allows for high-resolution correlation between terrestrial, coastal and marine settings. Based primarily on outcrop and borehole information from the Tremp-Graus Basin in the southern Spanish Pyrenees, it is shown that a sea-level fall of at least 20 m occurred less than 75 kyr prior to the PETM. This forced a seaward displacement of the shoreline of ca. 20 km, a widespread incision of valleys in the alluvial plains and the subaerial exposure and excavation of the adjacent marine carbonate platform. The subsequent sea-level rise caused the infilling of the incised valleys, a process completed before the onset of the PETM, and continued rising during and after the event, leading to the aggradation of the alluvial plain and eventually to the transgression of the whole Tremp-Graus Basin. However, the sea level did not regain its pre-fall position until near the end of the PETM. Therefore, although rising, the sea level was comparatively low in the southern Pyrenean area during most of the PETM. The pre-PETM sea-level fall has been reported in other basins of the southern Pyrenees, in the North Sea area, the Austrian Alps and in Egypt, and the subsequent sea-level rise has been documented in widely separated sites around the Earth, an evidence of their global (eustatic) scope. The causal mechanism(s) of the pre-PETM sea-level fall is (are) unresolved, although glacioeustasy may have played a role. The subsequent sea-level rise was most likely caused by tectonomagmatic activity in the North Atlantic. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Sea-level changes, Paleocene-Eocene interval, PETM, Pyrenees, N Atlantic, magmatism
in
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology
volume
393
pages
45 - 60
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000331024900004
  • scopus:84888411157
ISSN
1872-616X
DOI
10.1016/j.palaeo.2013.10.016
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0c69738b-f588-4771-913b-5c1143c82112 (old id 4376569)
date added to LUP
2014-04-14 11:24:57
date last changed
2017-09-03 03:17:41
@article{0c69738b-f588-4771-913b-5c1143c82112,
  abstract     = {The issue of whether major and rapid global sea-level changes existed on a preglacial Earth can be resolved by the detailed study of the Paleocene-Eocene (P-E) interval, where a large and rapid carbon isotope excursion linked to an important global warming event, the Paleocene Eocene Thermal Maximum, allows for high-resolution correlation between terrestrial, coastal and marine settings. Based primarily on outcrop and borehole information from the Tremp-Graus Basin in the southern Spanish Pyrenees, it is shown that a sea-level fall of at least 20 m occurred less than 75 kyr prior to the PETM. This forced a seaward displacement of the shoreline of ca. 20 km, a widespread incision of valleys in the alluvial plains and the subaerial exposure and excavation of the adjacent marine carbonate platform. The subsequent sea-level rise caused the infilling of the incised valleys, a process completed before the onset of the PETM, and continued rising during and after the event, leading to the aggradation of the alluvial plain and eventually to the transgression of the whole Tremp-Graus Basin. However, the sea level did not regain its pre-fall position until near the end of the PETM. Therefore, although rising, the sea level was comparatively low in the southern Pyrenean area during most of the PETM. The pre-PETM sea-level fall has been reported in other basins of the southern Pyrenees, in the North Sea area, the Austrian Alps and in Egypt, and the subsequent sea-level rise has been documented in widely separated sites around the Earth, an evidence of their global (eustatic) scope. The causal mechanism(s) of the pre-PETM sea-level fall is (are) unresolved, although glacioeustasy may have played a role. The subsequent sea-level rise was most likely caused by tectonomagmatic activity in the North Atlantic. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Pujalte, Victoriano and Schmitz, Birger and Ignacio Baceta, Juan},
  issn         = {1872-616X},
  keyword      = {Sea-level changes,Paleocene-Eocene interval,PETM,Pyrenees,N Atlantic,magmatism},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {45--60},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology},
  title        = {Sea-level changes across the Paleocene-Eocene interval in the Spanish Pyrenees, and their possible relationship with North Atlantic magmatism},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2013.10.016},
  volume       = {393},
  year         = {2014},
}