Advanced

Influence of selecting secondary settling tank sub-models on the calibration of WWTP models - A global sensitivity analysis using BSM2

Ramin, Elham; Flores, Xavier LU ; Sin, Gurkan; Gernaey, Krist V.; Jeppsson, Ulf LU ; Mikkelsen, Peter Steen and Plosz, Benedek Gy. (2014) In Chemical Engineering Journal 241. p.28-34
Abstract
This study investigates the sensitivity of wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) model performance to the selection of one-dimensional secondary settling tanks (1-D SST) models with first-order and second-order mathematical structures. We performed a global sensitivity analysis (GSA) on the benchmark simulation model No. 2 with the input uncertainty associated to the biokinetic parameters in the activated sludge model No. 1 (ASM1), a fractionation parameter in the primary clarifier, and the settling parameters in the SST model. Based on the parameter sensitivity rankings obtained in this study, the settling parameters were found to be as influential as the biokinetic parameters on the uncertainty of WWTP model predictions, particularly for... (More)
This study investigates the sensitivity of wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) model performance to the selection of one-dimensional secondary settling tanks (1-D SST) models with first-order and second-order mathematical structures. We performed a global sensitivity analysis (GSA) on the benchmark simulation model No. 2 with the input uncertainty associated to the biokinetic parameters in the activated sludge model No. 1 (ASM1), a fractionation parameter in the primary clarifier, and the settling parameters in the SST model. Based on the parameter sensitivity rankings obtained in this study, the settling parameters were found to be as influential as the biokinetic parameters on the uncertainty of WWTP model predictions, particularly for biogas production and treated water quality. However, the sensitivity measures were found to be dependent on the 1-D SST models selected. Accordingly, we suggest a different optimum parameter selection for the calibration of WWTP models when either of the 1-D SST models is used. Using first-order models, the calibration should give equal importance to the adjustment of the hindered settling and slow settling parameter values. The adjusted hindered settling parameters have, however, no physical meaning, and might additionally obtain unrealistic values. In contrast, using second-order SST models, the focus of calibration should be on providing measured values for the hindered settling parameters. This approach is in close agreement with the recommendations made in the good modelling practice protocol on activated sludge modelling. Besides, based on the GSA results, adjusting the non-measurable slow settling parameter produces significantly less variance in the model outputs using the second-order model than using the first-order model. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Good modelling practice, ASMs, Activated sludge models, BSM2, Benchmark simulation model No. 2, Uncertainty analysis, Morris screening, Wastewater treatment plant, WWTP
in
Chemical Engineering Journal
volume
241
pages
28 - 34
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000333720000004
  • scopus:84891311144
ISSN
1385-8947
DOI
10.1016/j.cej.2013.12.015
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
f8db5041-9f4a-45de-b294-a2d2307a6b36 (old id 4439335)
date added to LUP
2014-05-21 13:32:42
date last changed
2017-08-27 04:55:25
@article{f8db5041-9f4a-45de-b294-a2d2307a6b36,
  abstract     = {This study investigates the sensitivity of wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) model performance to the selection of one-dimensional secondary settling tanks (1-D SST) models with first-order and second-order mathematical structures. We performed a global sensitivity analysis (GSA) on the benchmark simulation model No. 2 with the input uncertainty associated to the biokinetic parameters in the activated sludge model No. 1 (ASM1), a fractionation parameter in the primary clarifier, and the settling parameters in the SST model. Based on the parameter sensitivity rankings obtained in this study, the settling parameters were found to be as influential as the biokinetic parameters on the uncertainty of WWTP model predictions, particularly for biogas production and treated water quality. However, the sensitivity measures were found to be dependent on the 1-D SST models selected. Accordingly, we suggest a different optimum parameter selection for the calibration of WWTP models when either of the 1-D SST models is used. Using first-order models, the calibration should give equal importance to the adjustment of the hindered settling and slow settling parameter values. The adjusted hindered settling parameters have, however, no physical meaning, and might additionally obtain unrealistic values. In contrast, using second-order SST models, the focus of calibration should be on providing measured values for the hindered settling parameters. This approach is in close agreement with the recommendations made in the good modelling practice protocol on activated sludge modelling. Besides, based on the GSA results, adjusting the non-measurable slow settling parameter produces significantly less variance in the model outputs using the second-order model than using the first-order model. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Ramin, Elham and Flores, Xavier and Sin, Gurkan and Gernaey, Krist V. and Jeppsson, Ulf and Mikkelsen, Peter Steen and Plosz, Benedek Gy.},
  issn         = {1385-8947},
  keyword      = {Good modelling practice,ASMs,Activated sludge models,BSM2,Benchmark simulation model No. 2,Uncertainty analysis,Morris screening,Wastewater treatment plant,WWTP},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {28--34},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Chemical Engineering Journal},
  title        = {Influence of selecting secondary settling tank sub-models on the calibration of WWTP models - A global sensitivity analysis using BSM2},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2013.12.015},
  volume       = {241},
  year         = {2014},
}