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Early life effects across the life course: The impact of individually defined exogenous measures of disease exposure on mortality by sex in 19th- and 20th-century Southern Sweden

Quaranta, Luciana LU (2014) In Social Science and Medicine 119(Online May 15, 2014). p.266-273
Abstract
Using micro-level longitudinal data from Southern Sweden for 1813 to 1968, this work evaluates the effect of exposure to disease in early life on mortality over the entire life course and separately by sex. The local rates of post-early neonatal mortality are considered indicators of early life disease exposure, and these rates are calculated specifically for each person based on birth date. The loss in median remaining life among exposed individuals who survived to age 1 is 1.1 years for females and 2.1 years for males. Exposed individuals show a cross-over from lower to higher relative mortality as they age. This change occurs in adulthood for males and in old age for females. During adulthood, exposed males present higher rates of death... (More)
Using micro-level longitudinal data from Southern Sweden for 1813 to 1968, this work evaluates the effect of exposure to disease in early life on mortality over the entire life course and separately by sex. The local rates of post-early neonatal mortality are considered indicators of early life disease exposure, and these rates are calculated specifically for each person based on birth date. The loss in median remaining life among exposed individuals who survived to age 1 is 1.1 years for females and 2.1 years for males. Exposed individuals show a cross-over from lower to higher relative mortality as they age. This change occurs in adulthood for males and in old age for females. During adulthood, exposed males present higher rates of death than exposed females. These results are new to the literature and shed light on the importance of adopting a full life course approach and capturing sex differences when evaluating the long-term impacts of early life exposures. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Early-life, Disease-exposure, Scarring, Selection, Life-course, Mortality, Sweden, Historical demography
in
Social Science and Medicine
volume
119
issue
Online May 15, 2014
pages
266 - 273
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000345480000032
  • scopus:84908351524
ISSN
1873-5347
DOI
10.1016/j.socscimed.2014.04.007
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
01440d81-a3d0-471a-b94f-c65e1f5af353 (old id 4450426)
date added to LUP
2014-06-02 15:48:46
date last changed
2017-04-23 03:13:06
@article{01440d81-a3d0-471a-b94f-c65e1f5af353,
  abstract     = {Using micro-level longitudinal data from Southern Sweden for 1813 to 1968, this work evaluates the effect of exposure to disease in early life on mortality over the entire life course and separately by sex. The local rates of post-early neonatal mortality are considered indicators of early life disease exposure, and these rates are calculated specifically for each person based on birth date. The loss in median remaining life among exposed individuals who survived to age 1 is 1.1 years for females and 2.1 years for males. Exposed individuals show a cross-over from lower to higher relative mortality as they age. This change occurs in adulthood for males and in old age for females. During adulthood, exposed males present higher rates of death than exposed females. These results are new to the literature and shed light on the importance of adopting a full life course approach and capturing sex differences when evaluating the long-term impacts of early life exposures.},
  author       = {Quaranta, Luciana},
  issn         = {1873-5347},
  keyword      = {Early-life,Disease-exposure,Scarring,Selection,Life-course,Mortality,Sweden,Historical demography},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {Online May 15, 2014},
  pages        = {266--273},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Social Science and Medicine},
  title        = {Early life effects across the life course: The impact of individually defined exogenous measures of disease exposure on mortality by sex in 19th- and 20th-century Southern Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2014.04.007},
  volume       = {119},
  year         = {2014},
}