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Trade-Offs Between Forest Protection and Wood Supply in Europe

Verkerk, Pieter Johannes; Zanchi, Giuliana LU and Lindner, Marcus (2014) In Environmental Management 53(6). p.1085-1094
Abstract
Forest protection is one of the main measures to prevent loss of biological and landscape diversity. This study aimed to assess to what extent forests are currently protected and how felling restrictions affect the potential annual wood supply within 27 European Union member states, Norway, and Switzerland and to discuss trade-offs between intensified use of forest biomass and forest protection efforts. Protected forests covered 33 million ha (20 % of total forest area) in 2005, of which 16 million ha was protected for biodiversity and the remaining area for landscape diversity. Within the protected areas, on average 48 % of the volume cannot be harvested in forests protected for biodiversity and 40 % in forests protected for landscapes.... (More)
Forest protection is one of the main measures to prevent loss of biological and landscape diversity. This study aimed to assess to what extent forests are currently protected and how felling restrictions affect the potential annual wood supply within 27 European Union member states, Norway, and Switzerland and to discuss trade-offs between intensified use of forest biomass and forest protection efforts. Protected forests covered 33 million ha (20 % of total forest area) in 2005, of which 16 million ha was protected for biodiversity and the remaining area for landscape diversity. Within the protected areas, on average 48 % of the volume cannot be harvested in forests protected for biodiversity and 40 % in forests protected for landscapes. Consequently, 73 million m(3) (10 % of the annual theoretical potential supply from the total forest area) of wood cannot be felled from the protected forests in Europe. Protected forests do not necessarily affect wood supply given the current demand for wood in Europe. However, if demand for wood from European forests for material and energy use significantly increases, the impact of existing protected forest networks may become significant after all. On the other hand, wood harvesting is allowed to a fair extent in many protected areas. Hence, the question could be raised whether biodiversity and landscape diversity within designated areas are sufficiently protected. Careful planning is required to accommodate both the protection of biological and landscape diversity and demand for wood, while not forgetting all other services that forests provide. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Biodiversity, Bio-energy, Forest protection, Trade-offs, Wood supply
in
Environmental Management
volume
53
issue
6
pages
1085 - 1094
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • wos:000335663600007
  • scopus:84902264951
ISSN
0364-152X
DOI
10.1007/s00267-014-0265-3
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
bdfd695f-cc11-4a88-84cb-725baa2d3d10 (old id 4470505)
date added to LUP
2014-06-19 12:35:21
date last changed
2017-05-21 04:04:06
@article{bdfd695f-cc11-4a88-84cb-725baa2d3d10,
  abstract     = {Forest protection is one of the main measures to prevent loss of biological and landscape diversity. This study aimed to assess to what extent forests are currently protected and how felling restrictions affect the potential annual wood supply within 27 European Union member states, Norway, and Switzerland and to discuss trade-offs between intensified use of forest biomass and forest protection efforts. Protected forests covered 33 million ha (20 % of total forest area) in 2005, of which 16 million ha was protected for biodiversity and the remaining area for landscape diversity. Within the protected areas, on average 48 % of the volume cannot be harvested in forests protected for biodiversity and 40 % in forests protected for landscapes. Consequently, 73 million m(3) (10 % of the annual theoretical potential supply from the total forest area) of wood cannot be felled from the protected forests in Europe. Protected forests do not necessarily affect wood supply given the current demand for wood in Europe. However, if demand for wood from European forests for material and energy use significantly increases, the impact of existing protected forest networks may become significant after all. On the other hand, wood harvesting is allowed to a fair extent in many protected areas. Hence, the question could be raised whether biodiversity and landscape diversity within designated areas are sufficiently protected. Careful planning is required to accommodate both the protection of biological and landscape diversity and demand for wood, while not forgetting all other services that forests provide.},
  author       = {Verkerk, Pieter Johannes and Zanchi, Giuliana and Lindner, Marcus},
  issn         = {0364-152X},
  keyword      = {Biodiversity,Bio-energy,Forest protection,Trade-offs,Wood supply},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {1085--1094},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Environmental Management},
  title        = {Trade-Offs Between Forest Protection and Wood Supply in Europe},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00267-014-0265-3},
  volume       = {53},
  year         = {2014},
}