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First report from the Swedish National Forensic Psychiatric Register (SNFPR)

Innocenti, Alessio Degl'; Hassing, Linda B.; Lindqvist, Ann-Sophie; Andersson, Hans; Eriksson, Lars; Hanson, Frances Hagelback; Moller, Nina; Nilsson, Thomas; Hofvander, Björn LU and Anckarsater, Henrik (2014) In International Journal of Law and Psychiatry 37(3). p.231-237
Abstract
To the best of our knowledge, the present register is the only nationwide forensic psychiatric patient register in the world. The aim of this article is to describe the content of the Swedish National Forensic Psychiatric Register (SNFPR) for Swedish forensic patients for the year 2010. The subjects are individuals who, in connection with prosecution due to criminal acts, have been sentenced to compulsory forensic psychiatric treatment in Sweden. The results show that in 2010, 1476 Swedish forensic patients were assessed in the SNFPR; 1251 (85%) were males and 225 (15%) were females. Almost 60% of the patients had a diagnosis of schizophrenia, with a significantly higher frequency among males than females. As many as 70% of the patients... (More)
To the best of our knowledge, the present register is the only nationwide forensic psychiatric patient register in the world. The aim of this article is to describe the content of the Swedish National Forensic Psychiatric Register (SNFPR) for Swedish forensic patients for the year 2010. The subjects are individuals who, in connection with prosecution due to criminal acts, have been sentenced to compulsory forensic psychiatric treatment in Sweden. The results show that in 2010, 1476 Swedish forensic patients were assessed in the SNFPR; 1251 (85%) were males and 225 (15%) were females. Almost 60% of the patients had a diagnosis of schizophrenia, with a significantly higher frequency among males than females. As many as 70% of the patients had a previous history of outpatient psychiatric treatment before becoming a forensic psychiatric patient, with a mean age at first contact with psychiatric care of about 20 years old for both sexes. More than 63% of the patients had a history of addiction, with a higher proportion of males than females. Furthermore, as many as 38% of all patients committed crimes while under the influence of alcohol and/or illicit drugs. This was more often the case for men than for women. Both male and female patients were primarily sentenced for crimes related to life and death (e.g., murder, assault). However, there were more females than males in treatment for general dangerous crimes (e.g., arson), whereas men were more often prosecuted for crimes related to sex. In 2010, as many as 70% of all forensic patients in Sweden had a prior sentence for a criminal act, and males were prosecuted significantly more often than females. The most commonly prescribed pharmaceuticals for both genders were antipsychotics, although more women than men were prescribed other pharmaceuticals, such as antidepressants, antiepileptics, and anxiolytics. The result from the present study might give clinicians an opportunity to reflect upon and challenge their traditional treatment methods. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
SNFPR, Swedish, Forensic, Psychiatric, Register
in
International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
volume
37
issue
3
pages
231 - 237
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000336779500001
  • scopus:84899476248
ISSN
0160-2527
DOI
10.1016/j.ijlp.2013.11.013
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
e6e4672a-c303-4779-81a2-70d6227428d5 (old id 4558480)
date added to LUP
2014-08-01 07:35:36
date last changed
2017-03-26 03:15:49
@article{e6e4672a-c303-4779-81a2-70d6227428d5,
  abstract     = {To the best of our knowledge, the present register is the only nationwide forensic psychiatric patient register in the world. The aim of this article is to describe the content of the Swedish National Forensic Psychiatric Register (SNFPR) for Swedish forensic patients for the year 2010. The subjects are individuals who, in connection with prosecution due to criminal acts, have been sentenced to compulsory forensic psychiatric treatment in Sweden. The results show that in 2010, 1476 Swedish forensic patients were assessed in the SNFPR; 1251 (85%) were males and 225 (15%) were females. Almost 60% of the patients had a diagnosis of schizophrenia, with a significantly higher frequency among males than females. As many as 70% of the patients had a previous history of outpatient psychiatric treatment before becoming a forensic psychiatric patient, with a mean age at first contact with psychiatric care of about 20 years old for both sexes. More than 63% of the patients had a history of addiction, with a higher proportion of males than females. Furthermore, as many as 38% of all patients committed crimes while under the influence of alcohol and/or illicit drugs. This was more often the case for men than for women. Both male and female patients were primarily sentenced for crimes related to life and death (e.g., murder, assault). However, there were more females than males in treatment for general dangerous crimes (e.g., arson), whereas men were more often prosecuted for crimes related to sex. In 2010, as many as 70% of all forensic patients in Sweden had a prior sentence for a criminal act, and males were prosecuted significantly more often than females. The most commonly prescribed pharmaceuticals for both genders were antipsychotics, although more women than men were prescribed other pharmaceuticals, such as antidepressants, antiepileptics, and anxiolytics. The result from the present study might give clinicians an opportunity to reflect upon and challenge their traditional treatment methods. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Innocenti, Alessio Degl' and Hassing, Linda B. and Lindqvist, Ann-Sophie and Andersson, Hans and Eriksson, Lars and Hanson, Frances Hagelback and Moller, Nina and Nilsson, Thomas and Hofvander, Björn and Anckarsater, Henrik},
  issn         = {0160-2527},
  keyword      = {SNFPR,Swedish,Forensic,Psychiatric,Register},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {231--237},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {International Journal of Law and Psychiatry},
  title        = {First report from the Swedish National Forensic Psychiatric Register (SNFPR)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijlp.2013.11.013},
  volume       = {37},
  year         = {2014},
}