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A Study of Personality and Family- and School Environment and Possible Interactional Effects in 244 Swedish Children—A Multiple Regression Analysis

Persson, Bertil LU (2014) In Psychology 5. p.886-895
Abstract
The aim of the study was to examine relationships between psychosocial family- and school environment and personality as assessed by the Junior Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ-J) and possible personality interactional effects. The study was based on 244 Swedish girls and boys, 10-19 years old, who filled in the Family- and School Psychosocial Environment (FSPE) questionnaire and the EPQ-J. A multiple regression analysis showed that the FSPE-factor Family conflicts and school discipline predicts Psychoticism (antisocial personality), and that the FSPE-factor Warmth, support and openness from parents, siblings and peers predict Extraversion. Sex, Psychoticism and the size of sibling group predicted Neuroticism. Spanking was reported... (More)
The aim of the study was to examine relationships between psychosocial family- and school environment and personality as assessed by the Junior Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ-J) and possible personality interactional effects. The study was based on 244 Swedish girls and boys, 10-19 years old, who filled in the Family- and School Psychosocial Environment (FSPE) questionnaire and the EPQ-J. A multiple regression analysis showed that the FSPE-factor Family conflicts and school discipline predicts Psychoticism (antisocial personality), and that the FSPE-factor Warmth, support and openness from parents, siblings and peers predict Extraversion. Sex, Psychoticism and the size of sibling group predicted Neuroticism. Spanking was reported in various degrees by 8.1 percent of the children, and this factor was related to Psychoticism. These results support socialization theories. The most unexpected finding was the impact of interactions between personality variables themselves, influencing the FSPE’s predictability of Neuroticism. Discussion about the advantage of the use of statistic control in a multiple regression, possible causal links between psychosocial environment and personality, limitations and further research propositions concludes the article. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Psychosocial environment, environmental measure, personality, traits, multiple regression.
in
Psychology
volume
5
pages
886 - 895
publisher
Scientific Research
external identifiers
  • other:10.4236/psych.2014.58100
ISSN
2152-7180
DOI
10.4236/psych.2014.58100
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
866ccc5a-f258-49d1-9194-d37fd7e634fd (old id 4586674)
alternative location
http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=46938#.VBGZd_l_t8E
date added to LUP
2014-09-11 14:53:04
date last changed
2016-04-15 14:59:44
@article{866ccc5a-f258-49d1-9194-d37fd7e634fd,
  abstract     = {The aim of the study was to examine relationships between psychosocial family- and school environment and personality as assessed by the Junior Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ-J) and possible personality interactional effects. The study was based on 244 Swedish girls and boys, 10-19 years old, who filled in the Family- and School Psychosocial Environment (FSPE) questionnaire and the EPQ-J. A multiple regression analysis showed that the FSPE-factor Family conflicts and school discipline predicts Psychoticism (antisocial personality), and that the FSPE-factor Warmth, support and openness from parents, siblings and peers predict Extraversion. Sex, Psychoticism and the size of sibling group predicted Neuroticism. Spanking was reported in various degrees by 8.1 percent of the children, and this factor was related to Psychoticism. These results support socialization theories. The most unexpected finding was the impact of interactions between personality variables themselves, influencing the FSPE’s predictability of Neuroticism. Discussion about the advantage of the use of statistic control in a multiple regression, possible causal links between psychosocial environment and personality, limitations and further research propositions concludes the article.},
  author       = {Persson, Bertil},
  issn         = {2152-7180},
  keyword      = {Psychosocial environment,environmental measure,personality,traits,multiple regression.},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {886--895},
  publisher    = {Scientific Research},
  series       = {Psychology},
  title        = {A Study of Personality and Family- and School Environment and Possible Interactional Effects in 244 Swedish Children—A Multiple Regression Analysis},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/psych.2014.58100},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2014},
}