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The legitimacy of incentive-based conservation and a critical account of social safeguards.

Krause, Torsten LU and Nielsen, Tobias LU (2014) In Environmental Science and Policy 41. p.44-51
Abstract
Incentive-based conservation has become a significant part of how tropical forests are being governed. Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) is a mechanism to mitigate climate change that many countries have started to implement. REDD+, however, is criticized for its potential negative impacts on local populations and Indigenous people. To prevent and mitigate the negative impacts, safeguards are increasingly being used to prevent and shift the focus toward 'non-carbon' elements of forest conservation. We discuss the legitimacy of these types of projects from a stakeholder perspective. Using a normative framework, we assess the Ecuadorian Socio Bosque conservation program, concentrating more specifically on... (More)
Incentive-based conservation has become a significant part of how tropical forests are being governed. Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) is a mechanism to mitigate climate change that many countries have started to implement. REDD+, however, is criticized for its potential negative impacts on local populations and Indigenous people. To prevent and mitigate the negative impacts, safeguards are increasingly being used to prevent and shift the focus toward 'non-carbon' elements of forest conservation. We discuss the legitimacy of these types of projects from a stakeholder perspective. Using a normative framework, we assess the Ecuadorian Socio Bosque conservation program, concentrating more specifically on the level of input and output legitimacy. Results show that Socio Bosque in its current form has shortcomings in both input and output legitimacy. We argue that an encompassing conception of legitimacy, including input and output criteria, particularly from a local stakeholder perspective, is essential for the future success of incentive-based conservation and particularly for REDD+ projects. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Global Environmental Governance, Legitimacy, Local stakeholder, Ecuador, Socio Bosque program, REDD
in
Environmental Science and Policy
volume
41
pages
44 - 51
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000338826100005
  • scopus:84901344696
ISSN
1462-9011
DOI
10.1016/j.envsci.2014.04.015
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
7078e5c2-8ec2-4c76-9471-1c090099675d (old id 4598928)
date added to LUP
2014-09-05 09:17:10
date last changed
2017-10-08 03:06:59
@article{7078e5c2-8ec2-4c76-9471-1c090099675d,
  abstract     = {Incentive-based conservation has become a significant part of how tropical forests are being governed. Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) is a mechanism to mitigate climate change that many countries have started to implement. REDD+, however, is criticized for its potential negative impacts on local populations and Indigenous people. To prevent and mitigate the negative impacts, safeguards are increasingly being used to prevent and shift the focus toward 'non-carbon' elements of forest conservation. We discuss the legitimacy of these types of projects from a stakeholder perspective. Using a normative framework, we assess the Ecuadorian Socio Bosque conservation program, concentrating more specifically on the level of input and output legitimacy. Results show that Socio Bosque in its current form has shortcomings in both input and output legitimacy. We argue that an encompassing conception of legitimacy, including input and output criteria, particularly from a local stakeholder perspective, is essential for the future success of incentive-based conservation and particularly for REDD+ projects. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Krause, Torsten and Nielsen, Tobias},
  issn         = {1462-9011},
  keyword      = {Global Environmental Governance,Legitimacy,Local stakeholder,Ecuador,Socio Bosque program,REDD},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {44--51},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Environmental Science and Policy},
  title        = {The legitimacy of incentive-based conservation and a critical account of social safeguards.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2014.04.015},
  volume       = {41},
  year         = {2014},
}