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Health, growth and psychosocial adaptation of immigrant children.

Gualdi-Russo, Emanuela; Toselli, Stefania; Masotti, Sabrina; Marzouk, Diaa; Sundquist, Kristina LU and Sundquist, Jan LU (2014) In European Journal of Public Health 24 Suppl 1. p.16-25
Abstract
The increasing population diversity in Europe demands clarification of possible ethnic influences on the growth and health of immigrant children and their psychosocial adaptation to the host countries. This article assesses recent data on immigrant children in Europe in comparison to European natives by means of a systematic review of the literature on growth patterns and data on children's health and adaptation. There were wide variations across countries in growth patterns and development of immigrant children and natives, with different trends in Central and Northern Europe with respect to Southern Europe. In general, age at menarche was lower in immigrant girls, while male pubertal progression seemed faster in immigrants than in... (More)
The increasing population diversity in Europe demands clarification of possible ethnic influences on the growth and health of immigrant children and their psychosocial adaptation to the host countries. This article assesses recent data on immigrant children in Europe in comparison to European natives by means of a systematic review of the literature on growth patterns and data on children's health and adaptation. There were wide variations across countries in growth patterns and development of immigrant children and natives, with different trends in Central and Northern Europe with respect to Southern Europe. In general, age at menarche was lower in immigrant girls, while male pubertal progression seemed faster in immigrants than in European natives, even when puberty began after. Owing to the significant differences in anthropometric traits (mainly stature and weight), new reference growth curves for immigrant children were constructed for the largest minority groups in Central Europe. Possible negative effects on growth, health and psychosocial adaptation were pointed out for immigrant children living in low income, disadvantaged communities with a high prevalence of poor lifestyle habits. In conclusion, this review provides a framework for the health and growth of immigrant children in Europe in comparison to native-born children: the differences among European countries in growth and development of migrants and non-migrants are closely related to the clear anthropological differences among the ethnic groups due to genetic influences. Higher morbidity and mortality was frequently associated with the minority status of these children and their low socio-economic status. The observed ethnic differences in health reveal the need for adequate health care in all groups. Therefore, we provide suggestions for the development of health care strategies in Europe. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
European Journal of Public Health
volume
24 Suppl 1
pages
16 - 25
publisher
Oxford University Press
external identifiers
  • pmid:25107994
  • scopus:84906225174
ISSN
1101-1262
DOI
10.1093/eurpub/cku107
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
4eb05b1d-c8ca-4185-ba36-c0b739bd9ec2 (old id 4615108)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25107994?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2014-09-05 23:07:41
date last changed
2017-10-01 04:59:21
@article{4eb05b1d-c8ca-4185-ba36-c0b739bd9ec2,
  abstract     = {The increasing population diversity in Europe demands clarification of possible ethnic influences on the growth and health of immigrant children and their psychosocial adaptation to the host countries. This article assesses recent data on immigrant children in Europe in comparison to European natives by means of a systematic review of the literature on growth patterns and data on children's health and adaptation. There were wide variations across countries in growth patterns and development of immigrant children and natives, with different trends in Central and Northern Europe with respect to Southern Europe. In general, age at menarche was lower in immigrant girls, while male pubertal progression seemed faster in immigrants than in European natives, even when puberty began after. Owing to the significant differences in anthropometric traits (mainly stature and weight), new reference growth curves for immigrant children were constructed for the largest minority groups in Central Europe. Possible negative effects on growth, health and psychosocial adaptation were pointed out for immigrant children living in low income, disadvantaged communities with a high prevalence of poor lifestyle habits. In conclusion, this review provides a framework for the health and growth of immigrant children in Europe in comparison to native-born children: the differences among European countries in growth and development of migrants and non-migrants are closely related to the clear anthropological differences among the ethnic groups due to genetic influences. Higher morbidity and mortality was frequently associated with the minority status of these children and their low socio-economic status. The observed ethnic differences in health reveal the need for adequate health care in all groups. Therefore, we provide suggestions for the development of health care strategies in Europe.},
  author       = {Gualdi-Russo, Emanuela and Toselli, Stefania and Masotti, Sabrina and Marzouk, Diaa and Sundquist, Kristina and Sundquist, Jan},
  issn         = {1101-1262},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {16--25},
  publisher    = {Oxford University Press},
  series       = {European Journal of Public Health},
  title        = {Health, growth and psychosocial adaptation of immigrant children.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/cku107},
  volume       = {24 Suppl 1},
  year         = {2014},
}