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Sense of coherence among cognitively intact nursing home residents - a five-year longitudinal study

Drageset, Jorunn; Espehaug, Birgitte; Rahm Hallberg, Ingalill LU and Natvig, Gerd Karin (2014) In Aging & Mental Health 18(7). p.889-896
Abstract
Aim and objectives: To examine how stable the sense of coherence (SOC) is over a five-year period among residents of nursing homes (NH) who are not cognitively impaired and whether components of social support influence SOC. Background: Many studies have investigated the stability of SOC, and the findings have been inconsistent. Social support is a crucial resource in developing SOC. Few researchers have studied the stability of SOC and how various social support dimensions influence changes in SOC among older NH residents who are cognitively intact. Design: The study was prospective and included baseline assessment and five-year follow-up. Methods: The sample comprised 52 cognitively intact NH residents (Clinical Dementia Rating score... (More)
Aim and objectives: To examine how stable the sense of coherence (SOC) is over a five-year period among residents of nursing homes (NH) who are not cognitively impaired and whether components of social support influence SOC. Background: Many studies have investigated the stability of SOC, and the findings have been inconsistent. Social support is a crucial resource in developing SOC. Few researchers have studied the stability of SOC and how various social support dimensions influence changes in SOC among older NH residents who are cognitively intact. Design: The study was prospective and included baseline assessment and five-year follow-up. Methods: The sample comprised 52 cognitively intact NH residents (Clinical Dementia Rating score <= 0.5). We obtained data through direct interviews using the Social Provisions Scale and Sense of Coherence Scale. Results: SOC increased statistically significantly from baseline to follow-up. The social support subdimension reassurance of worth predicted change in SOC after adjustment for sociodemographic factors. When controlled for baseline SOC, attachment was associated with change in SOC, but reassurance of worth was not. Conclusions: The study indicates that the change in SOC over time during the 5 years of follow-up and the social support dimension attachment appear to be important components of change in SOC. Nursing personnel should be aware of the residents' individual needs for attachment and the importance of emotional support for personal strength and ability to cope. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
sense of coherence, nursing home, older, social support
in
Aging & Mental Health
volume
18
issue
7
pages
889 - 896
publisher
Carfax Publishing
external identifiers
  • wos:000340105900012
  • scopus:84904071483
ISSN
1364-6915
DOI
10.1080/13607863.2014.896866
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
eeb97109-fc7b-4d3f-afd9-a44f2d1bdbd0 (old id 4665568)
date added to LUP
2014-10-01 07:21:55
date last changed
2017-10-01 04:30:40
@article{eeb97109-fc7b-4d3f-afd9-a44f2d1bdbd0,
  abstract     = {Aim and objectives: To examine how stable the sense of coherence (SOC) is over a five-year period among residents of nursing homes (NH) who are not cognitively impaired and whether components of social support influence SOC. Background: Many studies have investigated the stability of SOC, and the findings have been inconsistent. Social support is a crucial resource in developing SOC. Few researchers have studied the stability of SOC and how various social support dimensions influence changes in SOC among older NH residents who are cognitively intact. Design: The study was prospective and included baseline assessment and five-year follow-up. Methods: The sample comprised 52 cognitively intact NH residents (Clinical Dementia Rating score &lt;= 0.5). We obtained data through direct interviews using the Social Provisions Scale and Sense of Coherence Scale. Results: SOC increased statistically significantly from baseline to follow-up. The social support subdimension reassurance of worth predicted change in SOC after adjustment for sociodemographic factors. When controlled for baseline SOC, attachment was associated with change in SOC, but reassurance of worth was not. Conclusions: The study indicates that the change in SOC over time during the 5 years of follow-up and the social support dimension attachment appear to be important components of change in SOC. Nursing personnel should be aware of the residents' individual needs for attachment and the importance of emotional support for personal strength and ability to cope.},
  author       = {Drageset, Jorunn and Espehaug, Birgitte and Rahm Hallberg, Ingalill and Natvig, Gerd Karin},
  issn         = {1364-6915},
  keyword      = {sense of coherence,nursing home,older,social support},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {889--896},
  publisher    = {Carfax Publishing},
  series       = {Aging & Mental Health},
  title        = {Sense of coherence among cognitively intact nursing home residents - a five-year longitudinal study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2014.896866},
  volume       = {18},
  year         = {2014},
}