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Body Size, Skills, and Income: Evidence From 150,000 Teenage Siblings

Lundborg, Petter LU ; Nystedt, Paul LU and Rooth, Dan-Olof LU (2014) In Demography 51(5). p.1573-1596
Abstract
We provide new evidence on the long-run labor market penalty of teenage overweight and obesity using unique and large-scale data on 150,000 male siblings from the Swedish military enlistment. Our empirical analysis provides four important results. First, we provide the first evidence of a large adult male labor market penalty for being overweight or obese as a teenager. Second, we replicate this result using data from the United States and the United Kingdom. Third, we note a strikingly strong within-family relationship between body size and cognitive skills/noncognitive skills. Fourth, a large part of the estimated body-size penalty reflects lower skill acquisition among overweight and obese teenagers. Taken together, these results... (More)
We provide new evidence on the long-run labor market penalty of teenage overweight and obesity using unique and large-scale data on 150,000 male siblings from the Swedish military enlistment. Our empirical analysis provides four important results. First, we provide the first evidence of a large adult male labor market penalty for being overweight or obese as a teenager. Second, we replicate this result using data from the United States and the United Kingdom. Third, we note a strikingly strong within-family relationship between body size and cognitive skills/noncognitive skills. Fourth, a large part of the estimated body-size penalty reflects lower skill acquisition among overweight and obese teenagers. Taken together, these results reinforce the importance of policy combating early-life obesity in order to reduce healthcare expenditures as well as poverty and inequalities later in life. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Obesity, Overweight, Discrimination, Earnings, Skills
in
Demography
volume
51
issue
5
pages
1573 - 1596
publisher
Population Assn Amer
external identifiers
  • pmid:25199549
  • wos:000344321900001
  • scopus:84909992900
ISSN
1533-7790
DOI
10.1007/s13524-014-0325-6
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d7225db6-c32f-4d4c-b656-094019077ada (old id 4692072)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25199549?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2014-10-04 15:43:28
date last changed
2017-08-20 03:02:13
@article{d7225db6-c32f-4d4c-b656-094019077ada,
  abstract     = {We provide new evidence on the long-run labor market penalty of teenage overweight and obesity using unique and large-scale data on 150,000 male siblings from the Swedish military enlistment. Our empirical analysis provides four important results. First, we provide the first evidence of a large adult male labor market penalty for being overweight or obese as a teenager. Second, we replicate this result using data from the United States and the United Kingdom. Third, we note a strikingly strong within-family relationship between body size and cognitive skills/noncognitive skills. Fourth, a large part of the estimated body-size penalty reflects lower skill acquisition among overweight and obese teenagers. Taken together, these results reinforce the importance of policy combating early-life obesity in order to reduce healthcare expenditures as well as poverty and inequalities later in life.},
  author       = {Lundborg, Petter and Nystedt, Paul and Rooth, Dan-Olof},
  issn         = {1533-7790},
  keyword      = {Obesity,Overweight,Discrimination,Earnings,Skills},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {1573--1596},
  publisher    = {Population Assn Amer},
  series       = {Demography},
  title        = {Body Size, Skills, and Income: Evidence From 150,000 Teenage Siblings},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-014-0325-6},
  volume       = {51},
  year         = {2014},
}