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Temporal patterns of daily occupations related to older adults' health in northern Sweden

Björklund, Cecilia; Erlandsson, Lena-Karin LU ; Lilja, Margareta and Gard, Gunvor LU (2014) In Journal of Occupational Science 22(2). p.127-145
Abstract
The aim of this study was to identify characteristics of temporal patterns of daily occupations that could be related to high and low subjective health among older adults in Northern Sweden. A cross-sectional design imprinted by time-geographic methodology was used and participants 70 years and older were purposively selected and divided into groups of high and low health using the SoC-29 and SF-36 questionnaires. Daily occupations data were registered and analysed using VISUAL Time-PAcTS and related to health conditions using SPSS. The results showed that the participants in the high- and low-health groups showed similar patterns of participation in occupations during the 24-hour sequences describing their daily routines. Some differences... (More)
The aim of this study was to identify characteristics of temporal patterns of daily occupations that could be related to high and low subjective health among older adults in Northern Sweden. A cross-sectional design imprinted by time-geographic methodology was used and participants 70 years and older were purposively selected and divided into groups of high and low health using the SoC-29 and SF-36 questionnaires. Daily occupations data were registered and analysed using VISUAL Time-PAcTS and related to health conditions using SPSS. The results showed that the participants in the high- and low-health groups showed similar patterns of participation in occupations during the 24-hour sequences describing their daily routines. Some differences in patterns of frequency and duration of occupations were shown between health groups during the 24-hour sequences as well as within six intervals. The low-health group showed higher frequencies and longer durations for “care for oneself” and “reflection and recreation” occupations and lower for “house-keeping” and “procure and prepare food” occupations compared to the high-health groups. There were few significant differences between the high- and low-health groups' mean durations for occupations. The results of this study could contribute to the support and assistance of occupations of older adults in society. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of Occupational Science
volume
22
issue
2
pages
127 - 145
publisher
School of Occupational Therapy
external identifiers
  • scopus:84926017383
ISSN
1442-7591
DOI
10.1080/14427591.2014.913330
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
bbb09bf7-0bc6-45f6-a4d5-c6fe633916df (old id 4693526)
date added to LUP
2015-06-25 16:30:58
date last changed
2017-01-01 03:28:15
@article{bbb09bf7-0bc6-45f6-a4d5-c6fe633916df,
  abstract     = {The aim of this study was to identify characteristics of temporal patterns of daily occupations that could be related to high and low subjective health among older adults in Northern Sweden. A cross-sectional design imprinted by time-geographic methodology was used and participants 70 years and older were purposively selected and divided into groups of high and low health using the SoC-29 and SF-36 questionnaires. Daily occupations data were registered and analysed using VISUAL Time-PAcTS and related to health conditions using SPSS. The results showed that the participants in the high- and low-health groups showed similar patterns of participation in occupations during the 24-hour sequences describing their daily routines. Some differences in patterns of frequency and duration of occupations were shown between health groups during the 24-hour sequences as well as within six intervals. The low-health group showed higher frequencies and longer durations for “care for oneself” and “reflection and recreation” occupations and lower for “house-keeping” and “procure and prepare food” occupations compared to the high-health groups. There were few significant differences between the high- and low-health groups' mean durations for occupations. The results of this study could contribute to the support and assistance of occupations of older adults in society.},
  author       = {Björklund, Cecilia and Erlandsson, Lena-Karin and Lilja, Margareta and Gard, Gunvor},
  issn         = {1442-7591},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {127--145},
  publisher    = {School of Occupational Therapy},
  series       = {Journal of Occupational Science},
  title        = {Temporal patterns of daily occupations related to older adults' health in northern Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14427591.2014.913330},
  volume       = {22},
  year         = {2014},
}