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Socio-economic and nutritional determinants of low birth weight in India

Kader, Manzur and Perera, Nirmala (2014) In North American Journal of Medical Sciences 6(7). p.302-308
Abstract
Background: Low birth weight (LBW) is an important risk factor for childhood morbidity and mortality, consequently an important public health concern.

Aim: This study aims to identify significant socio-economic and nutritional determinants associated with LBW in India.

Materials and Methods: Data from 2005 to 2006 National Family Health Survey-3 (NFHS-3) of India was analyzed. A total of 20,946 women (15-49 years) who gave birth at least once 5 years preceding the NFHS-3 were included in this study. Infant's LBW (<2500 grams) as outcome variable was examined in association with all independent predictors as infant's sex, maternal household wealth status, caste, age, education, body mass index (BMI), stature, anemia... (More)
Background: Low birth weight (LBW) is an important risk factor for childhood morbidity and mortality, consequently an important public health concern.

Aim: This study aims to identify significant socio-economic and nutritional determinants associated with LBW in India.

Materials and Methods: Data from 2005 to 2006 National Family Health Survey-3 (NFHS-3) of India was analyzed. A total of 20,946 women (15-49 years) who gave birth at least once 5 years preceding the NFHS-3 were included in this study. Infant's LBW (<2500 grams) as outcome variable was examined in association with all independent predictors as infant's sex, maternal household wealth status, caste, age, education, body mass index (BMI), stature, anemia level, parity, inter-pregnancy interval, antenatal care received, and living place.

Results: Almost 20% of the infants were born with LBW. Mother's low education level, BMI <18.5, short stature (height <145 centimeters) and lack of antenatal visits (<4 visits) were significant predictors of LBW. Male gender has a protective effect against LBW.

Conclusion: Maternal education, nutritional status and antenatal care received are key determinants that need to be addressed to reduce prevalence of LBW in India. Continue implementation of multifaceted health promotion interventions are needed to address these factors effectively. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Child's birth weight, Infant, India, Low birth weight, Pregnancy
categories
Higher Education
in
North American Journal of Medical Sciences
volume
6
issue
7
pages
302 - 308
publisher
Medknow Publications
external identifiers
  • Other:10.4103/1947-2714.136902
  • Scopus:84904552332
ISSN
1947-2714
DOI
10.4103/1947-2714.136902
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
c0927208-ed43-4ca9-85b6-127b03a7c636 (old id 4696528)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4114006/
date added to LUP
2015-04-13 11:23:21
date last changed
2017-02-12 04:25:21
@article{c0927208-ed43-4ca9-85b6-127b03a7c636,
  abstract     = {Background: Low birth weight (LBW) is an important risk factor for childhood morbidity and mortality, consequently an important public health concern.<br/><br>
Aim: This study aims to identify significant socio-economic and nutritional determinants associated with LBW in India.<br/><br>
Materials and Methods: Data from 2005 to 2006 National Family Health Survey-3 (NFHS-3) of India was analyzed. A total of 20,946 women (15-49 years) who gave birth at least once 5 years preceding the NFHS-3 were included in this study. Infant's LBW (&lt;2500 grams) as outcome variable was examined in association with all independent predictors as infant's sex, maternal household wealth status, caste, age, education, body mass index (BMI), stature, anemia level, parity, inter-pregnancy interval, antenatal care received, and living place.<br/><br>
Results: Almost 20% of the infants were born with LBW. Mother's low education level, BMI &lt;18.5, short stature (height &lt;145 centimeters) and lack of antenatal visits (&lt;4 visits) were significant predictors of LBW. Male gender has a protective effect against LBW.<br/><br>
Conclusion: Maternal education, nutritional status and antenatal care received are key determinants that need to be addressed to reduce prevalence of LBW in India. Continue implementation of multifaceted health promotion interventions are needed to address these factors effectively.},
  author       = {Kader, Manzur and Perera, Nirmala},
  issn         = {1947-2714},
  keyword      = {Child's birth weight,Infant,India,Low birth weight,Pregnancy},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {302--308},
  publisher    = {Medknow Publications},
  series       = {North American Journal of Medical Sciences},
  title        = {Socio-economic and nutritional determinants of low birth weight in India},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.136902},
  volume       = {6},
  year         = {2014},
}