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Exoskeleton gait training after spinal cord injury : An exploratory study on secondary health conditions

Baunsgaard, Carsten Bach; Nissen, Ulla Vig; Brust, Anne Katrin; Frotzler, Angela; Ribeill, Cornelia; Kalke, Yorck-Bernhard; León, Natacha; Gómez, Belén; Samuelsson, Kersti and Antepohl, Wolfram, et al. (2018) In Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To explore changes in pain, spasticity, range of motion, activities of daily living, bowel and lower urinary tract function and quality of life of individuals with spinal cord injury following robotic exoskeleton gait training.

DESIGN: Prospective, observational, open-label multicentre study.

METHODS: Three training sessions per week for 8 weeks using an Ekso™ GT robotic exoskeleton (EKSO Bionics). Included were individuals with recent (<1 year) or chronic (>1 year) injury, paraplegia and tetraplegia, complete and incomplete injury, men and women.

RESULTS: Fifty-two participants completed the training protocol. Pain was reported by 52% of participants during the week prior to training and 17% during... (More)

OBJECTIVE: To explore changes in pain, spasticity, range of motion, activities of daily living, bowel and lower urinary tract function and quality of life of individuals with spinal cord injury following robotic exoskeleton gait training.

DESIGN: Prospective, observational, open-label multicentre study.

METHODS: Three training sessions per week for 8 weeks using an Ekso™ GT robotic exoskeleton (EKSO Bionics). Included were individuals with recent (<1 year) or chronic (>1 year) injury, paraplegia and tetraplegia, complete and incomplete injury, men and women.

RESULTS: Fifty-two participants completed the training protocol. Pain was reported by 52% of participants during the week prior to training and 17% during training, but no change occurred longitudinally. Spasticity decreased after a training session compared with before the training session (p < 0.001), but not longitudinally. Chronically injured participants increased Spinal Cord Independence Measure (SCIM III) from 73 to 74 (p = 0.008) and improved life satisfaction (p = 0.036) over 8 weeks of training. Recently injured participants increased SCIM III from 62 to 70 (p < 0.001), but no significant change occurred in life satisfaction. Range of motion, bowel and lower urinary function did not change over time.

CONCLUSION: Training seemed not to provoke new pain. Spasticity decreased after a single training session. SCIM III and quality of life increased longitudinally for subsets of participants.

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Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
publisher
Taylor & Francis
ISSN
1651-2081
DOI
10.2340/16501977-2372
language
English
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no
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46f017ba-01bb-43d0-a224-a880fa7cfcde
date added to LUP
2018-09-13 15:17:10
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2019-07-23 04:01:05
@article{46f017ba-01bb-43d0-a224-a880fa7cfcde,
  abstract     = {<p>OBJECTIVE: To explore changes in pain, spasticity, range of motion, activities of daily living, bowel and lower urinary tract function and quality of life of individuals with spinal cord injury following robotic exoskeleton gait training.</p><p>DESIGN: Prospective, observational, open-label multicentre study.</p><p>METHODS: Three training sessions per week for 8 weeks using an Ekso™ GT robotic exoskeleton (EKSO Bionics). Included were individuals with recent (&lt;1 year) or chronic (&gt;1 year) injury, paraplegia and tetraplegia, complete and incomplete injury, men and women.</p><p>RESULTS: Fifty-two participants completed the training protocol. Pain was reported by 52% of participants during the week prior to training and 17% during training, but no change occurred longitudinally. Spasticity decreased after a training session compared with before the training session (p &lt; 0.001), but not longitudinally. Chronically injured participants increased Spinal Cord Independence Measure (SCIM III) from 73 to 74 (p = 0.008) and improved life satisfaction (p = 0.036) over 8 weeks of training. Recently injured participants increased SCIM III from 62 to 70 (p &lt; 0.001), but no significant change occurred in life satisfaction. Range of motion, bowel and lower urinary function did not change over time.</p><p>CONCLUSION: Training seemed not to provoke new pain. Spasticity decreased after a single training session. SCIM III and quality of life increased longitudinally for subsets of participants.</p>},
  author       = {Baunsgaard, Carsten Bach and Nissen, Ulla Vig and Brust, Anne Katrin and Frotzler, Angela and Ribeill, Cornelia and Kalke, Yorck-Bernhard and León, Natacha and Gómez, Belén and Samuelsson, Kersti and Antepohl, Wolfram and Holmström, Ulrika and Marklund, Niklas and Glott, Thomas and Opheim, Arve and Benito Penalva, Jesus and Murillo, Narda and Nachtegaal, Janneke and Faber, Willemijn and Biering-Sørensen, Fin},
  issn         = {1651-2081},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {09},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine},
  title        = {Exoskeleton gait training after spinal cord injury : An exploratory study on secondary health conditions},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2340/16501977-2372},
  year         = {2018},
}