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Naturalization and Earnings: A Denmark-Sweden Comparison

Helgertz, Jonas LU ; Bevelander, Pieter and Tegunimataka, Anna LU (2014) In European Journal of Population 30(3). p.337-359
Abstract
The determinants and consequences of the naturalization of immigrants is a hot topic in the political debate in Europe. This article compares the effect of naturalization on the income attainment of immigrants in two Scandinavian countries, Denmark and Sweden, using longitudinal register data from 1986 and onward. Sweden is characterized by low obstacles to naturalization, and existing studies provide inconclusive evidence regarding the impact of naturalization on labor market outcomes. Denmark is instead characterized by higher barriers to naturalization, as well as a virtual inexistence of previous studies on the topic. Results, obtained through individual fixed-effect regression analysis, suggest similar effects in both countries. A... (More)
The determinants and consequences of the naturalization of immigrants is a hot topic in the political debate in Europe. This article compares the effect of naturalization on the income attainment of immigrants in two Scandinavian countries, Denmark and Sweden, using longitudinal register data from 1986 and onward. Sweden is characterized by low obstacles to naturalization, and existing studies provide inconclusive evidence regarding the impact of naturalization on labor market outcomes. Denmark is instead characterized by higher barriers to naturalization, as well as a virtual inexistence of previous studies on the topic. Results, obtained through individual fixed-effect regression analysis, suggest similar effects in both countries. A consistent naturalization premium is detected for immigrants of Asian and African descent, but not for any other immigrant group. The similarity across contexts arguably questions the use of more stringent naturalization laws to promote the economic integration of immigrants. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Migration, Citizenship, Earnings, Comparative studies, Integration, Naturalization
in
European Journal of Population
volume
30
issue
3
pages
337 - 359
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • wos:000341577600004
  • scopus:84956810576
ISSN
0168-6577
DOI
10.1007/s10680-014-9315-z
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
7728c123-283c-47e5-96cb-ba4e55a8d86c (old id 4712964)
date added to LUP
2014-11-05 14:54:12
date last changed
2017-01-01 03:14:08
@article{7728c123-283c-47e5-96cb-ba4e55a8d86c,
  abstract     = {The determinants and consequences of the naturalization of immigrants is a hot topic in the political debate in Europe. This article compares the effect of naturalization on the income attainment of immigrants in two Scandinavian countries, Denmark and Sweden, using longitudinal register data from 1986 and onward. Sweden is characterized by low obstacles to naturalization, and existing studies provide inconclusive evidence regarding the impact of naturalization on labor market outcomes. Denmark is instead characterized by higher barriers to naturalization, as well as a virtual inexistence of previous studies on the topic. Results, obtained through individual fixed-effect regression analysis, suggest similar effects in both countries. A consistent naturalization premium is detected for immigrants of Asian and African descent, but not for any other immigrant group. The similarity across contexts arguably questions the use of more stringent naturalization laws to promote the economic integration of immigrants.},
  author       = {Helgertz, Jonas and Bevelander, Pieter and Tegunimataka, Anna},
  issn         = {0168-6577},
  keyword      = {Migration,Citizenship,Earnings,Comparative studies,Integration,Naturalization},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {337--359},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {European Journal of Population},
  title        = {Naturalization and Earnings: A Denmark-Sweden Comparison},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10680-014-9315-z},
  volume       = {30},
  year         = {2014},
}