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Deep Learning Applications for Biomedical Data and Natural Language Processing

Medved, Dennis LU (2018)
Abstract
The human brain can be seen as an ensemble of interconnected neurons, more or less specialized to solve different cognitive and motor tasks. In computer science, the term deep learning is often applied to signify sets of interconnected nodes, where deep means that they have several computational layers. Development of deep learning is essentially a quest to mimic how the human brain, at least partially, operates.

In this thesis, I will use machine learning techniques to tackle two different domain of problems. The first is a problem in natural language processing. We improved classification of relations within images, using text associated with the pictures. The second domain is regarding heart transplant. We created models for... (More)
The human brain can be seen as an ensemble of interconnected neurons, more or less specialized to solve different cognitive and motor tasks. In computer science, the term deep learning is often applied to signify sets of interconnected nodes, where deep means that they have several computational layers. Development of deep learning is essentially a quest to mimic how the human brain, at least partially, operates.

In this thesis, I will use machine learning techniques to tackle two different domain of problems. The first is a problem in natural language processing. We improved classification of relations within images, using text associated with the pictures. The second domain is regarding heart transplant. We created models for pre- and post-transplant survival and simulated a whole transplantation queue, to be able to asses the impact of different allocation policies. We used deep learning models to solve these problems.

As introduction to these problems, I will present the basic concepts of machine learning, how to represent data, how to evaluate prediction results, and how to create different models to predict values from data. Following that, I will also introduce the field of heart transplant and some information about simulation. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
supervisor
opponent
  • Professor Lisboa, Paul, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
macine learning, natural language processing, heart transplantation, deep learning
pages
130 pages
publisher
Department of Computer Science, Lund University
defense location
lecture hall E:1406, building E, Ole Römers väg 3, Lund University, Faculty of Engineering LTH, Lund
defense date
2018-09-17 13:00
ISBN
978-91-7753-792-2
978-91-7753-793-9
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
47d65dd7-6a15-4684-b579-d85287278ab9
date added to LUP
2018-08-10 10:56:55
date last changed
2018-11-21 21:41:05
@phdthesis{47d65dd7-6a15-4684-b579-d85287278ab9,
  abstract     = {The human brain can be seen as an ensemble of interconnected neurons, more or less specialized to solve different cognitive and motor tasks. In computer science, the term deep learning is often applied to signify sets of interconnected nodes, where deep means that they have several computational layers. Development of deep learning is essentially a quest to mimic how the human brain, at least partially, operates.<br/><br/>In this thesis, I will use machine learning techniques to tackle two different domain of problems. The first is a problem in natural language processing. We improved classification of relations within images, using text associated with the pictures. The second domain is regarding heart transplant. We created models for pre- and post-transplant survival and simulated a whole transplantation queue, to be able to asses the impact of different allocation policies. We used deep learning models to solve these problems.<br/><br/>As introduction to these problems, I will present the basic concepts of machine learning, how to represent data, how to evaluate prediction results, and how to create different models to predict values from data. Following that, I will also introduce the field of heart transplant and some information about simulation.},
  author       = {Medved, Dennis},
  isbn         = {978-91-7753-792-2},
  keyword      = {macine learning,natural language processing,heart transplantation,deep learning},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {130},
  publisher    = {Department of Computer Science, Lund University},
  school       = {Lund University},
  title        = {Deep Learning Applications for Biomedical Data and Natural Language Processing},
  year         = {2018},
}