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Structural change and income inequality – Agricultural development and inter-sectoral dualism in the developing world, 1960–2010

Andersson, Martin LU and Palacio, Andrés LU (2016) In OASIS. Observatorio de Analisis de los Sistemas Internacionales 23.
Abstract
Structural change consists of the long-term changes in the sectoral composition of output and employment. We introduce a structural change perspective to the study of income inequality in 27 countries of the developing world for the period 1960–2010. The service sector has become the main employer, but the agricultural sector is central to the income distribution because poverty is mostly rural, and the labor surplus is high. We decompose the sectoral composition of aggregate labor productivity at the country level, divide the countries into agrarian, dual (beginner, intermediate and advanced) and mature economies and use the inter-sectoral productivity gap to test the effect of structural change on income inequality. We confirm increases... (More)
Structural change consists of the long-term changes in the sectoral composition of output and employment. We introduce a structural change perspective to the study of income inequality in 27 countries of the developing world for the period 1960–2010. The service sector has become the main employer, but the agricultural sector is central to the income distribution because poverty is mostly rural, and the labor surplus is high. We decompose the sectoral composition of aggregate labor productivity at the country level, divide the countries into agrarian, dual (beginner, intermediate and advanced) and mature economies and use the inter-sectoral productivity gap to test the effect of structural change on income inequality. We confirm increases in agricultural productivity everywhere and find that the inter-sectoral gap is positively associated with income inequality. The effect is negligible in agrarian and advanced economies but powerful in dual beginner economies: an increase of 1% in the inter-sectoral gap increases income inequality by 0.5%. The effect peters out in dual intermediate economies and disappears completely in dual advanced economies. Finally, redistribution has been the key to compensating the losers in the income changes, particularly for those entering the non-agricultural economy. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
OASIS. Observatorio de Analisis de los Sistemas Internacionales
volume
23
pages
28 pages
publisher
Universidad Externado De Colombia
ISSN
2346-2132
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d8898e14-3be1-4913-8188-bcbbf494b819 (old id 4857951)
date added to LUP
2014-12-15 10:49:00
date last changed
2016-11-03 10:56:52
@article{d8898e14-3be1-4913-8188-bcbbf494b819,
  abstract     = {Structural change consists of the long-term changes in the sectoral composition of output and employment. We introduce a structural change perspective to the study of income inequality in 27 countries of the developing world for the period 1960–2010. The service sector has become the main employer, but the agricultural sector is central to the income distribution because poverty is mostly rural, and the labor surplus is high. We decompose the sectoral composition of aggregate labor productivity at the country level, divide the countries into agrarian, dual (beginner, intermediate and advanced) and mature economies and use the inter-sectoral productivity gap to test the effect of structural change on income inequality. We confirm increases in agricultural productivity everywhere and find that the inter-sectoral gap is positively associated with income inequality. The effect is negligible in agrarian and advanced economies but powerful in dual beginner economies: an increase of 1% in the inter-sectoral gap increases income inequality by 0.5%. The effect peters out in dual intermediate economies and disappears completely in dual advanced economies. Finally, redistribution has been the key to compensating the losers in the income changes, particularly for those entering the non-agricultural economy.},
  author       = {Andersson, Martin and Palacio, Andrés},
  issn         = {2346-2132},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {07},
  pages        = {28},
  publisher    = {Universidad Externado De Colombia},
  series       = {OASIS. Observatorio de Analisis de los Sistemas Internacionales },
  title        = {Structural change and income inequality – Agricultural development and inter-sectoral dualism in the developing world, 1960–2010},
  volume       = {23},
  year         = {2016},
}