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Measuring Syntactic Complexity in Spontaneous Spoken Swedish

Roll, Mikael LU ; Frid, Johan LU and Horne, Merle LU (2007) In Language and Speech 50(2). p.227-245
Abstract
Hesitation disfluencies after phonetically prominent stranded function words are thought to reflect the cognitive coding of complex structures. Speech fragments following the Swedish function word att ‘that’ were analyzed syntactically, and divided into two groups: one with att in disfluent contexts, and the other with att in fluent contexts. Complexity was calculated in terms of a number of measures related to syntactic tree structures produced by the analysis tool GRAMMAL. Results showed that disfluent att is in general associated with significantly higher mean complexity values than fluent att. This information can be used to predict whether the function word at the beginning of a fragment is likely to be disfluent or not. Two kinds of... (More)
Hesitation disfluencies after phonetically prominent stranded function words are thought to reflect the cognitive coding of complex structures. Speech fragments following the Swedish function word att ‘that’ were analyzed syntactically, and divided into two groups: one with att in disfluent contexts, and the other with att in fluent contexts. Complexity was calculated in terms of a number of measures related to syntactic tree structures produced by the analysis tool GRAMMAL. Results showed that disfluent att is in general associated with significantly higher mean complexity values than fluent att. This information can be used to predict whether the function word at the beginning of a fragment is likely to be disfluent or not. Two kinds of statistical classification algorithms (Bayesian and neural networks) were used to test this hypothesis. The best result was 71% correctly classified cases, which is significantly better than a system that is based on selecting the data’s majority class. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
hesitation disfluency, Syntactic complexity, function words, spontaneous speech
in
Language and Speech
volume
50
issue
2
pages
227 - 245
publisher
Kingston Press Ltd
external identifiers
  • wos:000248323100003
  • scopus:34547148350
ISSN
1756-6053
project
The role of function words in spontaneous speech processing
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
48a4973e-0e45-4087-b7fd-f14501dafb44 (old id 621165)
alternative location
http://www.ling.lu.se/projects/ProSeg2/Roll_Frid_Horne_LangSpe.pdf
http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/king/ls/2007/00000050/00000002/art00003
date added to LUP
2007-12-03 14:51:12
date last changed
2017-01-01 04:29:52
@article{48a4973e-0e45-4087-b7fd-f14501dafb44,
  abstract     = {Hesitation disfluencies after phonetically prominent stranded function words are thought to reflect the cognitive coding of complex structures. Speech fragments following the Swedish function word att ‘that’ were analyzed syntactically, and divided into two groups: one with att in disfluent contexts, and the other with att in fluent contexts. Complexity was calculated in terms of a number of measures related to syntactic tree structures produced by the analysis tool GRAMMAL. Results showed that disfluent att is in general associated with significantly higher mean complexity values than fluent att. This information can be used to predict whether the function word at the beginning of a fragment is likely to be disfluent or not. Two kinds of statistical classification algorithms (Bayesian and neural networks) were used to test this hypothesis. The best result was 71% correctly classified cases, which is significantly better than a system that is based on selecting the data’s majority class.},
  author       = {Roll, Mikael and Frid, Johan and Horne, Merle},
  issn         = {1756-6053},
  keyword      = {hesitation disfluency,Syntactic complexity,function words,spontaneous speech},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {227--245},
  publisher    = {Kingston Press Ltd},
  series       = {Language and Speech},
  title        = {Measuring Syntactic Complexity in Spontaneous Spoken Swedish},
  volume       = {50},
  year         = {2007},
}