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Feasibility of energy justice: Exploring national and local efforts for energy development in Nepal

Islar, Mine LU ; Brogaard, Sara LU and Lemberg-Pedersen, Martin (2017) In Energy Policy
Abstract
The energy justice framework serves as an important decision-making tool in order to understand how different principles of justice can inform energy systems and policies. The realization of the urgency of providing modern energy technology and services particularly to rural areas has prompted both the Nepalese government and development institutions to focus on community-run renewable energy facilities. It is argued that off-grid and micro-scale energy development offers an alternative path to fossil-fuel use and top-down resource management as they democratize the grid and increase marginalized communities' access to renewable energy, education and health care. However, Nepal's energy development is also heavily influenced by demands... (More)
The energy justice framework serves as an important decision-making tool in order to understand how different principles of justice can inform energy systems and policies. The realization of the urgency of providing modern energy technology and services particularly to rural areas has prompted both the Nepalese government and development institutions to focus on community-run renewable energy facilities. It is argued that off-grid and micro-scale energy development offers an alternative path to fossil-fuel use and top-down resource management as they democratize the grid and increase marginalized communities' access to renewable energy, education and health care. However, Nepal's energy development is also heavily influenced by demands from the fast-growing economies of neighboring countries such as China and India. As a result, this article evaluates the Nepalese national energy policies by applying the key aspects of the energy justice framework and showing the feasibility constraints due to geopolitical and biophysical factors to the implementation of energy just policies in this developing country context. The empirical evidence is derived from interviews during a one-month fieldwork in the Lalitpur and Katmandu districts of Nepal, site-visits, discourse analysis of expert statements, government policies and newspaper articles as well literature review on peer-review articles. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
in
Energy Policy
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85015329390
  • wos:000400532900065
ISSN
1873-6777
DOI
10.1016/j.enpol.2017.03.004
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
48ee6dde-1358-4f88-889c-e6301fb3e589
date added to LUP
2017-03-22 14:34:20
date last changed
2017-09-18 11:33:40
@article{48ee6dde-1358-4f88-889c-e6301fb3e589,
  abstract     = {The energy justice framework serves as an important decision-making tool in order to understand how different principles of justice can inform energy systems and policies. The realization of the urgency of providing modern energy technology and services particularly to rural areas has prompted both the Nepalese government and development institutions to focus on community-run renewable energy facilities. It is argued that off-grid and micro-scale energy development offers an alternative path to fossil-fuel use and top-down resource management as they democratize the grid and increase marginalized communities' access to renewable energy, education and health care. However, Nepal's energy development is also heavily influenced by demands from the fast-growing economies of neighboring countries such as China and India. As a result, this article evaluates the Nepalese national energy policies by applying the key aspects of the energy justice framework and showing the feasibility constraints due to geopolitical and biophysical factors to the implementation of energy just policies in this developing country context. The empirical evidence is derived from interviews during a one-month fieldwork in the Lalitpur and Katmandu districts of Nepal, site-visits, discourse analysis of expert statements, government policies and newspaper articles as well literature review on peer-review articles.},
  author       = {Islar, Mine and Brogaard, Sara and Lemberg-Pedersen, Martin },
  issn         = {1873-6777},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {03},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Energy Policy},
  title        = {Feasibility of energy justice: Exploring national and local efforts for energy development in Nepal},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2017.03.004},
  year         = {2017},
}