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Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of Marrubium alysson extracts in high cholesterol-fed rabbits.

Essawy, Soha S; Abo-Elmatty, Dina M; Ghazy, Nabila M; Badr, Jihan M and Sterner, Olov LU (2014) In Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal 22(5). p.472-482
Abstract
The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of hexane (HEXA), chloroform (CHLORO), ethyl acetate (EA) and total alcoholic (T. ALCOH) extracts of Marrubium alysson in hypercholesterolemic-fed rabbits were evaluated. Hypercholesterolemia was induced in male rabbits by high cholesterol diet (HCD) (350 mg/kg) for 8 weeks. Hypercholesterolemic rabbits were allocated into groups, treated with simvastatin (SIM 5 mg/kg), different extracts of M. alysson at two doses of 250, 500 mg/kg. A normal control group and an HCD control one were used for comparison. Lipid profile, as well as oxidized low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (ox-LDL-C), myeloperoxidase activity (MPO) and superoxide anion production (O2•(-)), C-reactive protein (CRP) and monocyte... (More)
The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of hexane (HEXA), chloroform (CHLORO), ethyl acetate (EA) and total alcoholic (T. ALCOH) extracts of Marrubium alysson in hypercholesterolemic-fed rabbits were evaluated. Hypercholesterolemia was induced in male rabbits by high cholesterol diet (HCD) (350 mg/kg) for 8 weeks. Hypercholesterolemic rabbits were allocated into groups, treated with simvastatin (SIM 5 mg/kg), different extracts of M. alysson at two doses of 250, 500 mg/kg. A normal control group and an HCD control one were used for comparison. Lipid profile, as well as oxidized low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (ox-LDL-C), myeloperoxidase activity (MPO) and superoxide anion production (O2•(-)), C-reactive protein (CRP) and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) were also evaluated. In addition, histological examination of ascending aorta was performed. We found dyslipidemia associated with significant increases in ox-LDL-C 123.5 ± 9.8 nmol MDA/mg non-HDL, MPO activity 0.08 ± 0.05 U/100 mg tissue and O2•(-) production 3.5 ± 0.3 nmol cytochrome C reduced/min/g tissue × 10(-4) in hypercholerterolemic rabbits. In addition, there was a significant increase in CRP 6.6 ± 0.49 μmol/L and MCP-1 190.9 ± 6.4 pg/ml and its mRNA expression in HCD. Intima appeared thick with thick plaques surrounding the intima and luminal narrowing. SIM, EA and HEXA extracts of M. alysson had lipid lowering effect, decrease in ox-LDL-C, MPO, O2•(-), CRP and MCP-1 mRNA expression with improvement of the pathological picture. M. alysson enhanced the stability of plaque, had lipid lowering, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal
volume
22
issue
5
pages
472 - 482
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • pmid:25473336
  • wos:000345630300010
  • scopus:84920121978
ISSN
2213-7475
DOI
10.1016/j.jsps.2013.12.004
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9c07e4ef-5abb-44a9-9ea0-312135a7db46 (old id 4912731)
date added to LUP
2015-01-13 17:00:43
date last changed
2017-01-08 03:16:37
@article{9c07e4ef-5abb-44a9-9ea0-312135a7db46,
  abstract     = {The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of hexane (HEXA), chloroform (CHLORO), ethyl acetate (EA) and total alcoholic (T. ALCOH) extracts of Marrubium alysson in hypercholesterolemic-fed rabbits were evaluated. Hypercholesterolemia was induced in male rabbits by high cholesterol diet (HCD) (350 mg/kg) for 8 weeks. Hypercholesterolemic rabbits were allocated into groups, treated with simvastatin (SIM 5 mg/kg), different extracts of M. alysson at two doses of 250, 500 mg/kg. A normal control group and an HCD control one were used for comparison. Lipid profile, as well as oxidized low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (ox-LDL-C), myeloperoxidase activity (MPO) and superoxide anion production (O2•(-)), C-reactive protein (CRP) and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) were also evaluated. In addition, histological examination of ascending aorta was performed. We found dyslipidemia associated with significant increases in ox-LDL-C 123.5 ± 9.8 nmol MDA/mg non-HDL, MPO activity 0.08 ± 0.05 U/100 mg tissue and O2•(-) production 3.5 ± 0.3 nmol cytochrome C reduced/min/g tissue × 10(-4) in hypercholerterolemic rabbits. In addition, there was a significant increase in CRP 6.6 ± 0.49 μmol/L and MCP-1 190.9 ± 6.4 pg/ml and its mRNA expression in HCD. Intima appeared thick with thick plaques surrounding the intima and luminal narrowing. SIM, EA and HEXA extracts of M. alysson had lipid lowering effect, decrease in ox-LDL-C, MPO, O2•(-), CRP and MCP-1 mRNA expression with improvement of the pathological picture. M. alysson enhanced the stability of plaque, had lipid lowering, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities.},
  author       = {Essawy, Soha S and Abo-Elmatty, Dina M and Ghazy, Nabila M and Badr, Jihan M and Sterner, Olov},
  issn         = {2213-7475},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {472--482},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal},
  title        = {Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of Marrubium alysson extracts in high cholesterol-fed rabbits.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsps.2013.12.004},
  volume       = {22},
  year         = {2014},
}