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Glucagon-Like Peptide 1 Stimulates Insulin Secretion via Inhibiting RhoA/ROCK Signaling and Disassembling Glucotoxicity-Induced Stress Fibers

Kong, Xiangchen; Yan, Dan; Sun, Jiangming LU ; Wu, Xuerui; Mulder, Hindrik LU ; Hua, Xianxin and Ma, Xiaosong (2014) In Endocrinology 155(12). p.4676-4685
Abstract
Chronic hyperglycemia leads to pancreatic beta-cell dysfunction characterized by diminished glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS), but the precise cellular processes involved are largely unknown. Here we show that pancreatic beta-cells chronically exposed to a high glucose level displayed substantially increased amounts of stress fibers compared with beta-cells cultured at a low glucose level. beta-Cells at high glucose were refractory to glucose-induced actin cytoskeleton remodeling and insulin secretion. Importantly, F-actin depolymerization by either cytochalasin B or latrunculin B restored glucotoxicity-diminished GSIS. The effects of glucotoxicity on increasing stress fibers and reducing GSIS were reversed by Y-27632, a... (More)
Chronic hyperglycemia leads to pancreatic beta-cell dysfunction characterized by diminished glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS), but the precise cellular processes involved are largely unknown. Here we show that pancreatic beta-cells chronically exposed to a high glucose level displayed substantially increased amounts of stress fibers compared with beta-cells cultured at a low glucose level. beta-Cells at high glucose were refractory to glucose-induced actin cytoskeleton remodeling and insulin secretion. Importantly, F-actin depolymerization by either cytochalasin B or latrunculin B restored glucotoxicity-diminished GSIS. The effects of glucotoxicity on increasing stress fibers and reducing GSIS were reversed by Y-27632, a Rho-associated kinase (ROCK)-specific inhibitor, which caused actin depolymerization and enhanced GSIS. Notably, glucagon-like peptide-1-(7-36) amide (GLP-1), a peptide hormone that stimulates GSIS at both normal and hyperglycemic conditions, also reversed glucotoxicity-induced increase of stress fibers and reduction of GSIS. In addition, GLP-1 inhibited glucotoxicity-induced activation of RhoA/ROCK and thereby resulted in actin depolymerization and potentiation of GSIS. Furthermore, this effect of GLP-1 was mimicked by cAMP-increasing agents forskolin and 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine as well as the protein kinase A agonist 6-Bnz-cAMP-AM whereas it was abolished by the protein kinase A inhibitor Rp-Adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphorothioate triethylammonium salt. To establish a clinical relevance of our findings, we examined the association of genetic variants of RhoA/ROCK with metabolic traits in homeostasis model assessment index of insulin resistance. Several single-nucleotide polymorphisms in and around RHOA were associated with elevated fasting insulin and homeostasis model assessment index of insulin resistance, suggesting a possible role in metabolic dysregulation. Collectively these findings unravel a novel mechanism whereby GLP-1 potentiates glucotoxicity-diminished GSIS by depolymerizing F-actin cytoskeleton via protein kinase A-mediated inhibition of the RhoA-ROCK signaling pathway. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Endocrinology
volume
155
issue
12
pages
4676 - 4685
publisher
Endocrine Society
external identifiers
  • wos:000346668000009
  • scopus:84914181252
ISSN
0013-7227
DOI
10.1210/en.2014-1314
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6d78d4b5-9731-467f-b60b-2decbab1cfee (old id 4941438)
date added to LUP
2015-02-03 07:09:33
date last changed
2017-08-27 03:26:12
@article{6d78d4b5-9731-467f-b60b-2decbab1cfee,
  abstract     = {Chronic hyperglycemia leads to pancreatic beta-cell dysfunction characterized by diminished glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS), but the precise cellular processes involved are largely unknown. Here we show that pancreatic beta-cells chronically exposed to a high glucose level displayed substantially increased amounts of stress fibers compared with beta-cells cultured at a low glucose level. beta-Cells at high glucose were refractory to glucose-induced actin cytoskeleton remodeling and insulin secretion. Importantly, F-actin depolymerization by either cytochalasin B or latrunculin B restored glucotoxicity-diminished GSIS. The effects of glucotoxicity on increasing stress fibers and reducing GSIS were reversed by Y-27632, a Rho-associated kinase (ROCK)-specific inhibitor, which caused actin depolymerization and enhanced GSIS. Notably, glucagon-like peptide-1-(7-36) amide (GLP-1), a peptide hormone that stimulates GSIS at both normal and hyperglycemic conditions, also reversed glucotoxicity-induced increase of stress fibers and reduction of GSIS. In addition, GLP-1 inhibited glucotoxicity-induced activation of RhoA/ROCK and thereby resulted in actin depolymerization and potentiation of GSIS. Furthermore, this effect of GLP-1 was mimicked by cAMP-increasing agents forskolin and 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine as well as the protein kinase A agonist 6-Bnz-cAMP-AM whereas it was abolished by the protein kinase A inhibitor Rp-Adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphorothioate triethylammonium salt. To establish a clinical relevance of our findings, we examined the association of genetic variants of RhoA/ROCK with metabolic traits in homeostasis model assessment index of insulin resistance. Several single-nucleotide polymorphisms in and around RHOA were associated with elevated fasting insulin and homeostasis model assessment index of insulin resistance, suggesting a possible role in metabolic dysregulation. Collectively these findings unravel a novel mechanism whereby GLP-1 potentiates glucotoxicity-diminished GSIS by depolymerizing F-actin cytoskeleton via protein kinase A-mediated inhibition of the RhoA-ROCK signaling pathway.},
  author       = {Kong, Xiangchen and Yan, Dan and Sun, Jiangming and Wu, Xuerui and Mulder, Hindrik and Hua, Xianxin and Ma, Xiaosong},
  issn         = {0013-7227},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {12},
  pages        = {4676--4685},
  publisher    = {Endocrine Society},
  series       = {Endocrinology},
  title        = {Glucagon-Like Peptide 1 Stimulates Insulin Secretion via Inhibiting RhoA/ROCK Signaling and Disassembling Glucotoxicity-Induced Stress Fibers},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/en.2014-1314},
  volume       = {155},
  year         = {2014},
}