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The Role of Energy Quality in Shaping Long-Term Energy Intensity in Europe

Gentvilaite, Ruta LU ; Kander, Astrid LU and Warde, Paul (2015) In Energies 8(1). p.133-153
Abstract
On the European aggregate level there is an inverted-U curve for long-term energy intensity. In the 19th century aggregate European energy intensity rose, followed by a declining trend during the 20th century. This article discusses the possible explanations for the declining trend during the 20th century and explores the role of energy quality as expressed in energy prices. For the first time a complete set of national energy retail prices covering two centuries has been constructed and used for Britain, while the energy price data previously available for Sweden until 2000 has been updated to 2009. This allows us to explore the role of energy quality in shaping long-term energy intensity. We find no relation between energy quality and... (More)
On the European aggregate level there is an inverted-U curve for long-term energy intensity. In the 19th century aggregate European energy intensity rose, followed by a declining trend during the 20th century. This article discusses the possible explanations for the declining trend during the 20th century and explores the role of energy quality as expressed in energy prices. For the first time a complete set of national energy retail prices covering two centuries has been constructed and used for Britain, while the energy price data previously available for Sweden until 2000 has been updated to 2009. This allows us to explore the role of energy quality in shaping long-term energy intensity. We find no relation between energy quality and energy intensity in the 19th century, while energy quality may have stimulated the declining energy intensity in Europe over the

20th century, but is not the sole or even main reason for the decline. Rather, increased economic efficiency in the use of energy services seems to have been the main driver for the decline after 1970, presumably driven by the information and communication technology. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Sweden, England, Europe, energy intensity, energy prices, energy quality
in
Energies
volume
8
issue
1
pages
133 - 153
publisher
MDPI AG
external identifiers
  • wos:000348403800007
  • scopus:84921778278
ISSN
1996-1073
DOI
10.3390/en8010133
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
fbedb4d2-d40c-47c2-9f90-c6829f1db533 (old id 5031663)
alternative location
http://www.mdpi.com/journal/energies/special_issues/energy-economics
date added to LUP
2015-01-29 11:31:49
date last changed
2017-05-07 03:54:09
@article{fbedb4d2-d40c-47c2-9f90-c6829f1db533,
  abstract     = {On the European aggregate level there is an inverted-U curve for long-term energy intensity. In the 19th century aggregate European energy intensity rose, followed by a declining trend during the 20th century. This article discusses the possible explanations for the declining trend during the 20th century and explores the role of energy quality as expressed in energy prices. For the first time a complete set of national energy retail prices covering two centuries has been constructed and used for Britain, while the energy price data previously available for Sweden until 2000 has been updated to 2009. This allows us to explore the role of energy quality in shaping long-term energy intensity. We find no relation between energy quality and energy intensity in the 19th century, while energy quality may have stimulated the declining energy intensity in Europe over the <br/><br>
20th century, but is not the sole or even main reason for the decline. Rather, increased economic efficiency in the use of energy services seems to have been the main driver for the decline after 1970, presumably driven by the information and communication technology.},
  author       = {Gentvilaite, Ruta and Kander, Astrid and Warde, Paul},
  issn         = {1996-1073},
  keyword      = {Sweden,England,Europe,energy intensity,energy prices,energy quality},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {133--153},
  publisher    = {MDPI AG},
  series       = {Energies},
  title        = {The Role of Energy Quality in Shaping Long-Term Energy Intensity in Europe},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/en8010133},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {2015},
}