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Informing Hospital Change Processes Through Visualization and Simulation: A Case Study at a Children's Emergency Clinic

Persson, Johanna LU ; Dalholm Hornyánszky, Elisabeth LU and Johansson, Gerd LU (2014) In Health Environments Research & Design Journal 8(1). p.45-66
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the use of visualization and simulation tools in order to involve stakeholders and inform the process in hospital change processes, illustrated by an empirical study from a children's emergency clinic. BACKGROUND: Reorganization and redevelopment of a hospital is a complex activity that involves many stakeholders and demands. Visualization and simulation tools have proven useful for involving practitioners and eliciting relevant knowledge. More knowledge is desired about how these tools can be implemented in practice for hospital planning processes. METHODS: A participatory planning process including practitioners and researchers was executed over a 3-year period to evaluate a combination of visualization and... (More)
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the use of visualization and simulation tools in order to involve stakeholders and inform the process in hospital change processes, illustrated by an empirical study from a children's emergency clinic. BACKGROUND: Reorganization and redevelopment of a hospital is a complex activity that involves many stakeholders and demands. Visualization and simulation tools have proven useful for involving practitioners and eliciting relevant knowledge. More knowledge is desired about how these tools can be implemented in practice for hospital planning processes. METHODS: A participatory planning process including practitioners and researchers was executed over a 3-year period to evaluate a combination of visualization and simulation tools to involve stakeholders in the planning process and to elicit knowledge about needs and requirements. RESULTS: The initial clinic proposal from the architect was discarded as a result of the empirical study. Much general knowledge about the needs of the organization was extracted by means of the adopted tools. Some of the tools proved to be more accessible than others for the practitioners participating in the study. The combination of tools added value to the process by presenting information in alternative ways and eliciting questions from different angles. CONCLUSIONS: Visualization and simulation tools inform a planning process (or other types of change processes) by providing the means to see beyond present demands and current work structures. Long-term involvement in combination with accessible tools is central for creating a participatory setting where the practitioners' knowledge guides the process. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Design process, hospital, modeling, planning, work environment
in
Health Environments Research & Design Journal
volume
8
issue
1
pages
45 - 66
publisher
Center for Health Design
external identifiers
  • wos:000346926200004
ISSN
2167-5112
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
11e58f3c-ea6b-44c9-83a1-5559dee5f467 (old id 5091481)
date added to LUP
2015-02-24 15:09:07
date last changed
2016-04-15 15:08:46
@article{11e58f3c-ea6b-44c9-83a1-5559dee5f467,
  abstract     = {OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the use of visualization and simulation tools in order to involve stakeholders and inform the process in hospital change processes, illustrated by an empirical study from a children's emergency clinic. BACKGROUND: Reorganization and redevelopment of a hospital is a complex activity that involves many stakeholders and demands. Visualization and simulation tools have proven useful for involving practitioners and eliciting relevant knowledge. More knowledge is desired about how these tools can be implemented in practice for hospital planning processes. METHODS: A participatory planning process including practitioners and researchers was executed over a 3-year period to evaluate a combination of visualization and simulation tools to involve stakeholders in the planning process and to elicit knowledge about needs and requirements. RESULTS: The initial clinic proposal from the architect was discarded as a result of the empirical study. Much general knowledge about the needs of the organization was extracted by means of the adopted tools. Some of the tools proved to be more accessible than others for the practitioners participating in the study. The combination of tools added value to the process by presenting information in alternative ways and eliciting questions from different angles. CONCLUSIONS: Visualization and simulation tools inform a planning process (or other types of change processes) by providing the means to see beyond present demands and current work structures. Long-term involvement in combination with accessible tools is central for creating a participatory setting where the practitioners' knowledge guides the process.},
  author       = {Persson, Johanna and Dalholm Hornyánszky, Elisabeth and Johansson, Gerd},
  issn         = {2167-5112},
  keyword      = {Design process,hospital,modeling,planning,work environment},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {45--66},
  publisher    = {Center for Health Design},
  series       = {Health Environments Research & Design Journal},
  title        = {Informing Hospital Change Processes Through Visualization and Simulation: A Case Study at a Children's Emergency Clinic},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {2014},
}