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CTG interpretation templates affect residents’ decision making

Ekengård, Frida LU ; Cardell, Monika LU and Herbst, Andreas LU (2023) In European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 285. p.148-152
Abstract

Objective: To study whether a revision of CTG guidelines and educational program influenced the perceived need for intervention by residents in obstetrics and gynecology. A secondary aim was to study the sensitivity and specificity of the classification pathological after classification by residents using two different guidelines in identifying neonates with acidemia. Study design: Cardiotocograms, CTGs, from 223 neonates with acidemia at birth (cord blood pH < 7.05 at vaginal birth or second stage cesarean, or pH < 7.10 at first stage cesarean) were included, as well as 223 CTGs from neonates with cord blood pH ≥ 7.15. Two separate groups of residents, who each were educated in and had clinical experience only from either of the... (More)

Objective: To study whether a revision of CTG guidelines and educational program influenced the perceived need for intervention by residents in obstetrics and gynecology. A secondary aim was to study the sensitivity and specificity of the classification pathological after classification by residents using two different guidelines in identifying neonates with acidemia. Study design: Cardiotocograms, CTGs, from 223 neonates with acidemia at birth (cord blood pH < 7.05 at vaginal birth or second stage cesarean, or pH < 7.10 at first stage cesarean) were included, as well as 223 CTGs from neonates with cord blood pH ≥ 7.15. Two separate groups of residents, who each were educated in and had clinical experience only from either of the two different guidelines, SWE09 and SWE17, classified the patterns according to the at the time current template and judged whether the patterns indicated an intervention. Sensitivity, specificity, and agreement were calculated. Results: Residents using SWE09 found indication to intervene in a higher proportion of neonates with acidemia (84.8%) than residents using SWE17 (75.8%; p = 0.002), as well as in cases without acidemia (29.6% vs 22.4%; p = 0.038). Among residents using SWE09 the perceived need for intervention had a sensitivity of 85% and a specificity of 70% to identify acidemia. With SWE17 the corresponding rates were 76% and 78%. The sensitivity to identify neonates with acidemia by classification pathological was 91% with SWE09 and 72% with SWE17. The specificity was 53% and 76% respectively. The agreement rate between perception of indication to intervene and classification pathological using the SWE09 was κ 0.73, moderate, and with the SWE17 κ 0.77, moderate. The agreement on subjective perception of necessity to intervene between users of the two templates was weak to moderate, κ 0.60, and on classification pathological weak, κ 0.47. Conclusion: The perceived need for intervention by residents interpreting CTGs was significantly affected by the guidelines in use. The difference in decisions were less pronounced than the difference in classification. The sensitivity for both perceived need for intervention and for classification pathological to identify acidosis was higher with SWE09, and the specificity higher with SWE17, when assessed by the two comparable groups of residents.

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author
; and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Birth, CTG, Education, Fetal monitoring
in
European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
volume
285
pages
5 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • pmid:37120910
  • scopus:85153800433
ISSN
0301-2115
DOI
10.1016/j.ejogrb.2023.04.022
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
50b3b256-0e05-465e-89c3-30d7c55c3f90
date added to LUP
2023-06-20 14:55:17
date last changed
2024-06-29 05:20:48
@article{50b3b256-0e05-465e-89c3-30d7c55c3f90,
  abstract     = {{<p>Objective: To study whether a revision of CTG guidelines and educational program influenced the perceived need for intervention by residents in obstetrics and gynecology. A secondary aim was to study the sensitivity and specificity of the classification pathological after classification by residents using two different guidelines in identifying neonates with acidemia. Study design: Cardiotocograms, CTGs, from 223 neonates with acidemia at birth (cord blood pH &lt; 7.05 at vaginal birth or second stage cesarean, or pH &lt; 7.10 at first stage cesarean) were included, as well as 223 CTGs from neonates with cord blood pH ≥ 7.15. Two separate groups of residents, who each were educated in and had clinical experience only from either of the two different guidelines, SWE09 and SWE17, classified the patterns according to the at the time current template and judged whether the patterns indicated an intervention. Sensitivity, specificity, and agreement were calculated. Results: Residents using SWE09 found indication to intervene in a higher proportion of neonates with acidemia (84.8%) than residents using SWE17 (75.8%; p = 0.002), as well as in cases without acidemia (29.6% vs 22.4%; p = 0.038). Among residents using SWE09 the perceived need for intervention had a sensitivity of 85% and a specificity of 70% to identify acidemia. With SWE17 the corresponding rates were 76% and 78%. The sensitivity to identify neonates with acidemia by classification pathological was 91% with SWE09 and 72% with SWE17. The specificity was 53% and 76% respectively. The agreement rate between perception of indication to intervene and classification pathological using the SWE09 was κ 0.73, moderate, and with the SWE17 κ 0.77, moderate. The agreement on subjective perception of necessity to intervene between users of the two templates was weak to moderate, κ 0.60, and on classification pathological weak, κ 0.47. Conclusion: The perceived need for intervention by residents interpreting CTGs was significantly affected by the guidelines in use. The difference in decisions were less pronounced than the difference in classification. The sensitivity for both perceived need for intervention and for classification pathological to identify acidosis was higher with SWE09, and the specificity higher with SWE17, when assessed by the two comparable groups of residents.</p>}},
  author       = {{Ekengård, Frida and Cardell, Monika and Herbst, Andreas}},
  issn         = {{0301-2115}},
  keywords     = {{Birth; CTG; Education; Fetal monitoring}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{148--152}},
  publisher    = {{Elsevier}},
  series       = {{European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology}},
  title        = {{CTG interpretation templates affect residents’ decision making}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejogrb.2023.04.022}},
  doi          = {{10.1016/j.ejogrb.2023.04.022}},
  volume       = {{285}},
  year         = {{2023}},
}