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An Increase in Forearm Cortical Bone Size After Menopause May Influence the Estimated Bone Mineral Loss-A 28-Year Prospective Observational Study.

Karlsson, Magnus LU ; Ahlborg, Henrik LU ; Svejme, Ola LU ; Nilsson, Jan-Åke LU and Rosengren, Björn LU (2015) In Journal of Clinical Densitometry
Abstract
Areal bone mineral density (aBMD) is the most common estimate of bone mass, incorporated in the World Health Organization definition of osteoporosis. However, aBMD depends on not only the amount of mineral but also the bone size. The estimated postmenopausal decline in aBMD could because of this be influenced by changes in bone size.We measured bone mineral content (BMC; mg), aBMD (mg/cm(2)), and bone width (mm) by single-photon absorptiometry at the cortical site of the forearm in a population-based sample of 105 Caucasian women. We conducted 12 measurements during a 28-yr period from mean 5 yr (range: 2-9) before menopause to mean 24 yr (range: 18-28) after menopause. We calculated individual slopes for changes in the periods before... (More)
Areal bone mineral density (aBMD) is the most common estimate of bone mass, incorporated in the World Health Organization definition of osteoporosis. However, aBMD depends on not only the amount of mineral but also the bone size. The estimated postmenopausal decline in aBMD could because of this be influenced by changes in bone size.We measured bone mineral content (BMC; mg), aBMD (mg/cm(2)), and bone width (mm) by single-photon absorptiometry at the cortical site of the forearm in a population-based sample of 105 Caucasian women. We conducted 12 measurements during a 28-yr period from mean 5 yr (range: 2-9) before menopause to mean 24 yr (range: 18-28) after menopause. We calculated individual slopes for changes in the periods before menopause, 0-<8, 8-<16, and 16-28 yr after menopause. Data are presented as means with 95% confidence intervals. The annual BMC changes in the 4 periods were -1.4% (-0.1, -2.6), -1.1% (-0.9, -1.4), -1.2% (-0.9, -1.6), and -1.1% (-0.8, -1.4) and the annual increase in bone width 0.4% (-1.2, 1.9), 0.7% (0.5, 0.9), 0.1% (-0.2, 0.4), and 0.1% (-0.2, 0.4). BMC loss was similar in all periods, whereas the increase in bone width was higher in the first postmenopausal period than in the second (p = 0.003) and the third (p = 0.01) postmenopausal periods. Menopause is followed by a transient increase in forearm bone size that will influence the by aBMD estimated cortical loss in bone minerals. (Less)
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Journal of Clinical Densitometry
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • pmid:25708121
  • scopus:84925254668
ISSN
1094-6950
DOI
10.1016/j.jocd.2015.01.006
language
English
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yes
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bded7621-4ad1-4584-99db-1d1ed05610c6 (old id 5142966)
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25708121?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2015-03-10 19:42:06
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2017-06-25 04:37:08
@article{bded7621-4ad1-4584-99db-1d1ed05610c6,
  abstract     = {Areal bone mineral density (aBMD) is the most common estimate of bone mass, incorporated in the World Health Organization definition of osteoporosis. However, aBMD depends on not only the amount of mineral but also the bone size. The estimated postmenopausal decline in aBMD could because of this be influenced by changes in bone size.We measured bone mineral content (BMC; mg), aBMD (mg/cm(2)), and bone width (mm) by single-photon absorptiometry at the cortical site of the forearm in a population-based sample of 105 Caucasian women. We conducted 12 measurements during a 28-yr period from mean 5 yr (range: 2-9) before menopause to mean 24 yr (range: 18-28) after menopause. We calculated individual slopes for changes in the periods before menopause, 0-&lt;8, 8-&lt;16, and 16-28 yr after menopause. Data are presented as means with 95% confidence intervals. The annual BMC changes in the 4 periods were -1.4% (-0.1, -2.6), -1.1% (-0.9, -1.4), -1.2% (-0.9, -1.6), and -1.1% (-0.8, -1.4) and the annual increase in bone width 0.4% (-1.2, 1.9), 0.7% (0.5, 0.9), 0.1% (-0.2, 0.4), and 0.1% (-0.2, 0.4). BMC loss was similar in all periods, whereas the increase in bone width was higher in the first postmenopausal period than in the second (p = 0.003) and the third (p = 0.01) postmenopausal periods. Menopause is followed by a transient increase in forearm bone size that will influence the by aBMD estimated cortical loss in bone minerals.},
  author       = {Karlsson, Magnus and Ahlborg, Henrik and Svejme, Ola and Nilsson, Jan-Åke and Rosengren, Björn},
  issn         = {1094-6950},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {02},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Journal of Clinical Densitometry},
  title        = {An Increase in Forearm Cortical Bone Size After Menopause May Influence the Estimated Bone Mineral Loss-A 28-Year Prospective Observational Study.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocd.2015.01.006},
  year         = {2015},
}