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National greenhouse-gas accounting for effective climate policy on international trade

Kander, Astrid LU ; Jiborn, Magnus LU ; Moran, Daniel and Wiedmann, Thomas (2015) In Nature Climate Change 5(5). p.431-435
Abstract
National greenhouse-gas accounting should reflect how countries’ policies and behaviours affect global emissions. Actions that contribute to reduced global emissions should be credited, and actions that increase them should be penalized. This is essential if accounting is to serve as accurate guidance for climate policy. Yet this principle is not satisfied by the two most common accounting methods. Production-based accounting used under the Kyoto Protocol does not account for carbon leakage — the phenomenon of countries reducing their domestic emissions by shifting carbon-intensive production abroad1. Consumption-based accounting2,3 (also called carbon footprinting) does not credit countries for cleaning up their export industries, and it... (More)
National greenhouse-gas accounting should reflect how countries’ policies and behaviours affect global emissions. Actions that contribute to reduced global emissions should be credited, and actions that increase them should be penalized. This is essential if accounting is to serve as accurate guidance for climate policy. Yet this principle is not satisfied by the two most common accounting methods. Production-based accounting used under the Kyoto Protocol does not account for carbon leakage — the phenomenon of countries reducing their domestic emissions by shifting carbon-intensive production abroad1. Consumption-based accounting2,3 (also called carbon footprinting) does not credit countries for cleaning up their export industries, and it also punishes some types of trade that could contribute to more carbon efficient production worldwide. We propose an improvement to consumption-based carbon accounting that takes technology differences in export sectors into account and thereby tends to more correctly reflect how national policy changes affect total global emissions. We also present empirical results showing how this new measure redraws the global emissions map. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
international trade, greenhouse-gas accounting, climate change, policy, input-output, world input-output database
in
Nature Climate Change
volume
5
issue
5
pages
431 - 435
publisher
Nature Publishing Group
external identifiers
  • wos:000354891900018
  • scopus:84928566634
ISSN
1758-6798
DOI
10.1038/nclimate2555
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
44d40bd9-2753-490e-b09e-db0a31180e43 (old id 5153976)
date added to LUP
2015-03-13 16:52:25
date last changed
2017-08-20 03:11:15
@article{44d40bd9-2753-490e-b09e-db0a31180e43,
  abstract     = {National greenhouse-gas accounting should reflect how countries’ policies and behaviours affect global emissions. Actions that contribute to reduced global emissions should be credited, and actions that increase them should be penalized. This is essential if accounting is to serve as accurate guidance for climate policy. Yet this principle is not satisfied by the two most common accounting methods. Production-based accounting used under the Kyoto Protocol does not account for carbon leakage — the phenomenon of countries reducing their domestic emissions by shifting carbon-intensive production abroad1. Consumption-based accounting2,3 (also called carbon footprinting) does not credit countries for cleaning up their export industries, and it also punishes some types of trade that could contribute to more carbon efficient production worldwide. We propose an improvement to consumption-based carbon accounting that takes technology differences in export sectors into account and thereby tends to more correctly reflect how national policy changes affect total global emissions. We also present empirical results showing how this new measure redraws the global emissions map.},
  author       = {Kander, Astrid and Jiborn, Magnus and Moran, Daniel and Wiedmann, Thomas},
  issn         = {1758-6798},
  keyword      = {international trade,greenhouse-gas accounting,climate change,policy,input-output,world input-output database},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {431--435},
  publisher    = {Nature Publishing Group},
  series       = {Nature Climate Change},
  title        = {National greenhouse-gas accounting for effective climate policy on international trade},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2555},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2015},
}