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Exploring the Fear of Birth Scale in a mixed population of women of childbearing age-A Swedish pilot study

Hildingsson, Ingegerd; Rubertsson, Christine LU ; Karlström, Annika and Haines, Helen (2018) In Women and Birth 31(5). p.407-413
Abstract

Aim: The aim of this pilot study was to explore the Fear of Birth Scale in a mixed sample of women of childbearing age, by investigating the levels of childbirth fear and the content of women's thoughts when completing the scale. Methods: A cross-sectional mixed method study of 179 women who completed a short questionnaire and a think aloud interview. Results: The mean score of the Fear of Birth Scale was 40.80 (SD 27.59) and 28.5% were classified as having fear of childbirth (≥60). The internal consistency showed a Cronbach's α. >. 0.92, and a mean inter-item correlation of 0.85.The highest scores were found in women younger than 25 years (mean 60.10), foreign-born women (mean 54.30) and women who did not have any previous children... (More)

Aim: The aim of this pilot study was to explore the Fear of Birth Scale in a mixed sample of women of childbearing age, by investigating the levels of childbirth fear and the content of women's thoughts when completing the scale. Methods: A cross-sectional mixed method study of 179 women who completed a short questionnaire and a think aloud interview. Results: The mean score of the Fear of Birth Scale was 40.80 (SD 27.59) and 28.5% were classified as having fear of childbirth (≥60). The internal consistency showed a Cronbach's α. >. 0.92, and a mean inter-item correlation of 0.85.The highest scores were found in women younger than 25 years (mean 60.10), foreign-born women (mean 54.30) and women who did not have any previous children (48.72). The lowest scores were found in women who had recently given birth (mean 34.82) and women older than 35 years (mean 34.85). The content analysis categorization matrix clearly accommodated all 436 statements into the five pre-existing categories. The largest categories were: the content of fear and worry with 138 statements and strategies to cope with fear or worry (122 statements). Conclusion: The Fear of Birth Scale seems to be a useful instrument for different subgroups of women. The construct of fear of childbirth may be universally understood and experienced by women of childbearing age irrespective of whether they are currently pregnant, have recently given birth or do not have children. Identifying fear of birth is important in clinical practice in order to support women's reproductive needs.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Childbearing, Childbirth fear, FOBS pilot study, Scale validation, Think aloud interview
in
Women and Birth
volume
31
issue
5
pages
407 - 413
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85039412192
ISSN
1871-5192
DOI
10.1016/j.wombi.2017.12.005
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
51ddfbba-2be1-4d98-9b67-5816bb7cf194
date added to LUP
2018-01-23 13:19:39
date last changed
2019-02-20 11:05:28
@article{51ddfbba-2be1-4d98-9b67-5816bb7cf194,
  abstract     = {<p>Aim: The aim of this pilot study was to explore the Fear of Birth Scale in a mixed sample of women of childbearing age, by investigating the levels of childbirth fear and the content of women's thoughts when completing the scale. Methods: A cross-sectional mixed method study of 179 women who completed a short questionnaire and a think aloud interview. Results: The mean score of the Fear of Birth Scale was 40.80 (SD 27.59) and 28.5% were classified as having fear of childbirth (≥60). The internal consistency showed a Cronbach's α. &gt;. 0.92, and a mean inter-item correlation of 0.85.The highest scores were found in women younger than 25 years (mean 60.10), foreign-born women (mean 54.30) and women who did not have any previous children (48.72). The lowest scores were found in women who had recently given birth (mean 34.82) and women older than 35 years (mean 34.85). The content analysis categorization matrix clearly accommodated all 436 statements into the five pre-existing categories. The largest categories were: the content of fear and worry with 138 statements and strategies to cope with fear or worry (122 statements). Conclusion: The Fear of Birth Scale seems to be a useful instrument for different subgroups of women. The construct of fear of childbirth may be universally understood and experienced by women of childbearing age irrespective of whether they are currently pregnant, have recently given birth or do not have children. Identifying fear of birth is important in clinical practice in order to support women's reproductive needs.</p>},
  author       = {Hildingsson, Ingegerd and Rubertsson, Christine and Karlström, Annika and Haines, Helen},
  issn         = {1871-5192},
  keyword      = {Childbearing,Childbirth fear,FOBS pilot study,Scale validation,Think aloud interview},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {407--413},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Women and Birth},
  title        = {Exploring the Fear of Birth Scale in a mixed population of women of childbearing age-A Swedish pilot study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wombi.2017.12.005},
  volume       = {31},
  year         = {2018},
}